1.a) Why did the Arabs come to the East African coast between AD. 1000AND 1500?

b) How did their coming after the peoples of the East African coast?

2.Explain the contribution of the following to the history of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom:

a) Ba-Tembuzi (Tembuzi),

b) Ba-Chwezi (Chwezi)

3.a) Describe the migration and settlement of the Luo into East African up to 1800.

b) What were the effects of their migration on the peoples of East Africa?

4.a) Why did the Portuguese easily conquer the East African coastal towns?

b) Why did the Portuguese lose control over the coastal towns in the 17th Century?

5.a) Describe the organisation of the long Distance trade in East Africa .

b) How did this trade affect the peoples of East Africa?

6.a) Why did Christian missionaries come to East Africa during the 19th Century?

b) What problems did they face in East Africa?

7.a) Why were the Anglo-German agreements of 1886 and 1890 signed?

b) What were the results of these agreements?

8.a) What were the terms of the 1990 Buganda agreement ?

b) How did this agreement affect the Buganda Kingdom?

9.a) Describe the organisation of Abushiri resistance of 1888.

b) Why did this resistance fail?

10.a) Why was the Devonshire White Paper issued in 1923?

b) What were the terms of the Devonshire White Paper?

11.a) Why was East africa involved in World War 11?

b) What were the effects of the war on the peoples of East Africa?

12.a) What factors contributed to the growth of nationalism in Kenya between 1939 and 1952?

b) What problems did the Kenyan nationalists face.




  1. a) How was the Trans-Saharan trade organised?

    b) Why did this trade decline?

  2. a) What were the achievement of Askia Muhammad 1 for the songhay empire?

    b) What led to the collapse of this empire?

  3. a) Describe the origins of the Oyo empire.

    b) How was the empire organised before the 19th Century?

  4. Describe the political, social and economic organisation of the Hausa States during the 15th Century.

  5. Explain the contribution of Uthman dan Fodio in the spread of Islam in West Africa.

  6. a) Why did the British establish their rule in West Africa between 1880 and 1890?

    b) What problems did they face during this period?

  7. Describe the social and economic developments in Senegal during the colonial period.

  8. Explain the role played by the following in attaining independence for their countries:

    a) Houphouet Boigny

    b) Nnamdi Azikiwe.



    1. a) Describe the political organisation of the Mwene-Mutapa empire during the 16th Century.

      b) Why did the empire collapse?

    2. a) Why did the Luba-Lunda migrate into Northern Rhodesia (Zambia)?

      b) How did their migration and settlement affect the people of Northern Rhodesia?

    3. Describe the origins and importance of the following in the history of Central Africa:

      a) The Leopard's Kopje culture.

      b) The Kalomo culture.

    4. a) What problems did christian missionaries encouter in Central Africa?

      b) How did Christian missionary activities affect central Africa?

    5. a) How did Gunguyana attempt to preserve the independence of Gaza Kingdom?

      b) What obstacles did he face?

    6. a) What led to conflicts between the Ndebele and the British in 1893?

      b) why were the British able to defeat the Ndebele?

    7. a) What problems did the Belgian coloialiss face in Congo?

      b) How did they solve these problems?

    8. a) Explain the factors which led to the rise of nationalists face?



17.a) Why did the Bantu migrate to south Africa by the end of the 16th Century?

b) Describe their migration and settlement in South Africa.

18.a) Why did the Dutch settle at the Cape in 1652?

b) What problems did they face between 1652 and 1700?

19.a) What were the causes of the Great trek?

b) How did this Trek affect the peoples of South Africa?

20.a) How was Shaka able to bulid a powerful Zulu Kingdom?

b) What led to the collapse of the kingdom?

21.a) What changes did the British introduce in the Cape colony between 1824 and 1834?

b) How did the position of slaves in the Cape colony improve during the British administration?

22. What was the contribution of following missionaries to the history of South Africa?

a) Dr. John Philip

b) Dr. Van der Kemp

23.a) Describe the economic developments in South Africa between 1867 and 1910.

b) How did these developments affect the peoples of South Africa?

24.a) What led to the formation of the South African Act of Union of 1910?

b) What were the terms of the Act of Union?