Article Index

Paper 1

1. (a) (i) Differentiate between cash ratio and reserve ratio
(ii)Give any two reasons why the reserve ratio may be increased


(b) (i)Distinguish between lateral integration and conglomerate integration of firms
(ii)Give any two conditions necessary for the success of lateral integration of firms


(c) (i)Distinguish between piece rate and time rate methods of wage payment
(ii)State any two merits of piece rate method of wage payment


(d) (i)Distinguish between import substitution and export promotion strategies of industrial development
(ii)Mention any two merits of import substitution strategy of industrial development


(e) (i)Differentiate between average propensity to consume (APC) and marginal propensity to consume (MPC)
(ii) Given that a country’s total income is shs 60,000 billion and its total consumption is sh 48,000 billion, calculate its APC


(f)(i)Differentiate between taxable income and taxable capacity
(ii)Mention any two principles of taxation


(g) (i) What is meant by the term elasticity of demand?
(ii)Mention any three factors which determine the elasticity of demand for a commodity


(h) (i)What is meant by dumping?
(ii)Give any two effects of hyper inflation in an economy


(i) (i)Distinguish between suppressed inflation and hyper inflation
(ii)Give any two effects of hyper inflation in an economy


(j) Mention any four causes of under employment in an economy

2. (a)Explain the factors that determine the level of wages in an economy
((b)What are the limitations of the marginal productivity theory of wage determination?

3. (a)What is public corporation?
(b)Assess the role of public corporations in an economy

4. (a)Distinguish between partial planning and decentralized planning
(b)Why is development planning necessary in an economy?

5.  (a) Distinguish between maximum and minimum price legislation
(b)Why may the use of price controls be avoided in an economy?

6. (a)Explain the functions of a central bank
(b)How does a central bank control credit creation in a multi-banks system?

7. (a)What is meant by the term ‘’economic development strategy’’?

(b)Explain the merits of diversification in production as an economic development strategy

8. (a)Describe the features of monopolistic competition
(b)Describe the features of monopolistic competition