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Monday, 28 November 2011 22:51

HISTORY 1999

Written by Administrator

PAPER 1

SECTION A: EAST AFRICA

  1. a) Why did the Bantu migrate from Congo basin into East Africa before 1800?

    b) Describe their migrations and settlement in East Africa before 1800.

  2. Describe the growth of any two of the following coastal towns between AD 1000 and 1500:

    a) Kilwa Kisiwani,

    b) Malindi,

    c) Mogadishu.

  3. a) Why were the portuguese interested in the East African Coast during the late 15th Century?

    b) Describe the stages of their conquest of the coast up to 1510.

  4. a) Why was there a Busaidi-Yorubi-Mazrui struggle for the control of the East Africa Coast?

    b) What were the results of this struggle?

  5. a) What problems did Europeans Christian missionaries face in Uganda?

    b) How did their activities affect the people of uganda?

  6. a) Describe the migration and settlement of the Ngoni in East Africa.

    b) How did their migration affectthe people of East Africa?

  7. a) What were the causes of the conflicts between the British and Germans in East Africa between 1886 and 1890?

    b) How were these conflicts settled by 1890?

  8. Describe the reactions of the following to the establishment of European rule in East Africa.

    a) Chief Mkwawa,

    b) Omukama Kasagama.

  9. a) Why was the 1900 Buganda Agreement signed?

    b) What were the terms of this Agreement/

  10. a) What led to the differences between the European and Asian communities in Kenya by 1923?

    b) How did Lord Devonshire settle these differences?

  11. a) Describe the role of Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) in the achivement of Independence in Tanganyika/

    b) What problems did TANU face up to 1961?

  12. a) How did World War 11 affect the Independence struggle in Kenya?

    b) Whta problems did the Kenyans face in the struggle?

 

PAPER 2

SECTION A: WEST AFRICA

  1. a) How did Mai Idris Alooma contribute to the growth of the second Kanem-Bornu empire?

    b) Why did the empire collapse?

  2. a) Describe the origins of Benin.

    b) How was it organised as a state?

  3. a) how was the external trade on the West coast of Africa organised during the 19th century?

    b) What led to the decline of this trade?

  4. Explain the role played by Al-haji Umar in the spread of Islam in West Africa.

  5. What was the contribution of the following Christian missionaries to West Africa:

    a) Joseph Shanahan,

    b) Samuel Ajayi Crowther./

  6. a) How did George Maclean administer Southern Ghana?

    b) What difficulties did he he meet?

  7. Describe the social and economic developments in Nigeria up to 1945.

  8. What role did the following parties play in the struggle for independence?

    a) Rassemblement Democratic African (RDA)

    b) Convention Peoples' Party (CPP)?

     

    SECTION B: CENTRAL AFRICA.

  9. a) Describe the organisation of the Mwene-Mutapa Kingdom during the 15yh Century.

    b) What led to the collapse of this Kingdom?

  10. a) How was the Lunda Kingdom established?

    b) Describe the political organisation of this Kingdom during the 18th Century.

  11. a) What problems did the portuguese face in their penetration of Central Africa?

    b) How did they overcome these problems?

  12. Why was Tippu Tip able to build a big empire in central Africa during the 19th Cemtury?

  13. a) Describe the organisation of the shona-Ndebele revolt of 1896-97.

    b) How were the Shona-Ndebele affected by this revolt?

  14. a) How did the Beligians administer Congo up to 1960?

    b) What was the response of the Congolese to this administration?

  15. a) Why did the White settlers in Southern Rhodesia support the movement for the federation of Central Africa in 1953?

    b) Why were Africans opposed to this movement?

  16. a) Explain the causes of the Chilembwe revolt of 1915.

    b) Why was this revolt unsuccessful?

     

    SECTION C: SOUTH AFRICA

  17. a) What were the origins of the Khoisan peoples?

    b) Describe the way of life of the Khoisan peoples by 1500 AD.

  18. a) Why did the Dutch set up a colony at the Cape in 1652?

    b) What difficulties did they face upto 1700?

  19. a) Describe the movemnt of the Boers between 1835 and 1845.

    b) How did this movement affect the peoples of South Africa?

  20. a) How was Shaka able to build the Zulu state?

    b) How did this state affect the neigbouring peoples?

  21. a) Describe the activities of Christian missionaries in South Africa during the 19th Century.

    b) How did these activities affect the peoples of South Africa?

  22. How did the discovery of minerals in South Africa affect the following:

    a) Africans,

    b) Boers and British?

  23. a) What were the causes of the 1899-1902 conflict between the Boers and the British?

    b) How did this conflict affect South Africa?

  24. Describe the role played by the following in the struggle for independence:

    a) Nelson Mandela,

    b) Clement Kadalie

Monday, 21 November 2011 13:22

HISTORY 2000

Written by B.K.Sharon
PAPER 1

1.a) Why did the Arabs come to the East African coast between AD. 1000AND 1500?

b) How did their coming after the peoples of the East African coast?

2.Explain the contribution of the following to the history of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom:

a) Ba-Tembuzi (Tembuzi),

b) Ba-Chwezi (Chwezi)

3.a) Describe the migration and settlement of the Luo into East African up to 1800.

b) What were the effects of their migration on the peoples of East Africa?

4.a) Why did the Portuguese easily conquer the East African coastal towns?

b) Why did the Portuguese lose control over the coastal towns in the 17th Century?

5.a) Describe the organisation of the long Distance trade in East Africa .

b) How did this trade affect the peoples of East Africa?

6.a) Why did Christian missionaries come to East Africa during the 19th Century?

b) What problems did they face in East Africa?

7.a) Why were the Anglo-German agreements of 1886 and 1890 signed?

b) What were the results of these agreements?

8.a) What were the terms of the 1990 Buganda agreement ?

b) How did this agreement affect the Buganda Kingdom?

9.a) Describe the organisation of Abushiri resistance of 1888.

b) Why did this resistance fail?

10.a) Why was the Devonshire White Paper issued in 1923?

b) What were the terms of the Devonshire White Paper?

11.a) Why was East africa involved in World War 11?

b) What were the effects of the war on the peoples of East Africa?

12.a) What factors contributed to the growth of nationalism in Kenya between 1939 and 1952?

b) What problems did the Kenyan nationalists face.

 

PAPER 2

    SECTION A: WEST AFRICA

  1. a) How was the Trans-Saharan trade organised?

    b) Why did this trade decline?

  2. a) What were the achievement of Askia Muhammad 1 for the songhay empire?

    b) What led to the collapse of this empire?

  3. a) Describe the origins of the Oyo empire.

    b) How was the empire organised before the 19th Century?

  4. Describe the political, social and economic organisation of the Hausa States during the 15th Century.

  5. Explain the contribution of Uthman dan Fodio in the spread of Islam in West Africa.

  6. a) Why did the British establish their rule in West Africa between 1880 and 1890?

    b) What problems did they face during this period?

  7. Describe the social and economic developments in Senegal during the colonial period.

  8. Explain the role played by the following in attaining independence for their countries:

    a) Houphouet Boigny

    b) Nnamdi Azikiwe.

 

SECTION B: CENTRAL AFRICA
    1. a) Describe the political organisation of the Mwene-Mutapa empire during the 16th Century.

      b) Why did the empire collapse?

    2. a) Why did the Luba-Lunda migrate into Northern Rhodesia (Zambia)?

      b) How did their migration and settlement affect the people of Northern Rhodesia?

    3. Describe the origins and importance of the following in the history of Central Africa:

      a) The Leopard's Kopje culture.

      b) The Kalomo culture.

    4. a) What problems did christian missionaries encouter in Central Africa?

      b) How did Christian missionary activities affect central Africa?

    5. a) How did Gunguyana attempt to preserve the independence of Gaza Kingdom?

      b) What obstacles did he face?

    6. a) What led to conflicts between the Ndebele and the British in 1893?

      b) why were the British able to defeat the Ndebele?

    7. a) What problems did the Belgian coloialiss face in Congo?

      b) How did they solve these problems?

    8. a) Explain the factors which led to the rise of nationalists face?

       

SECTION C: SOUTH AFRICA

    17.a) Why did the Bantu migrate to south Africa by the end of the 16th Century?

    b) Describe their migration and settlement in South Africa.

18.a) Why did the Dutch settle at the Cape in 1652?

    b) What problems did they face between 1652 and 1700?

    19.a) What were the causes of the Great trek?

    b) How did this Trek affect the peoples of South Africa?

    20.a) How was Shaka able to bulid a powerful Zulu Kingdom?

    b) What led to the collapse of the kingdom?

    21.a) What changes did the British introduce in the Cape colony between 1824 and 1834?

    b) How did the position of slaves in the Cape colony improve during the British administration?

    22. What was the contribution of following missionaries to the history of South Africa?

    a) Dr. John Philip

    b) Dr. Van der Kemp

    23.a) Describe the economic developments in South Africa between 1867 and 1910.

    b) How did these developments affect the peoples of South Africa?

    24.a) What led to the formation of the South African Act of Union of 1910?

    b) What were the terms of the Act of Union?

 

Monday, 21 November 2011 11:33

HISTORY 2001

Written by B.K.Sharon
PAPER 1

1.a) Why did the Arabs come to the East African coast between AD. 1000 and 1500?

b) How did their coming affect the peoples of the East African coast?

2.Expalin the contribution of the following to the history of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom:

a) Ba-Tembuzi ( Tembuzi),

b) Ba-Chwezi (Chwezi)

3.a)Describe the migration and settlement of the Luo into East Africa up to 1800.

b) What were the effects of their migration on the people of East Africa?

4.a) Why did the portuguese easily conquer the East African coastal towns?

b) Why did the portuguese lose control over thecoastal towns in the 17th century?

5.a) Describe the organisation of the Long Distance trade in East Africa.

b) How did this trade affect the peoples East Africa?

6.a) Why did christian missionaries come to East Africa during the 19th century?

b) What problems did they face in East Africa?

7.a) Why were the Anglo-German agreements of 1886 and 1890 signed?

b) What were the results of these agreements?

8.a) What were the terms of the 1900 Buganda agreement?

b) How did this agreement affect the Buganda Kingdom?

9.a) Describe the organisation of Abushiri resistance of 1888.

b) Why did this resistance fail?

10.a) Why was the Devonshire White Paper issued in 1923?

b) What were the terms of the Devonshire White Paper?

11.a) Why was East Africa involved in World War 11?

b) What were the effects of the war on the peoples of East Africa?

12.a) What factors contributed to the growth of nationalism in kenya between 1939 and 1952?

b) What problems did the kenyan nationalists face?

 

PAPER 2

SECTION A: WEST AFRICA

1.a) Explain theb role of Sudiata Keita in the growth of Mlai empire.

b) Why did the empire decline by the early 15th Century?

2.a)Describe the origins of the Woloff empire.

b) How was the empire organised by the 16th century?

3.a) Expalin the origins of slave trade in West Africa.

Why was it difficult to abolish this trade in the 19th century?

4.a) Expalin the contribution of creoles to the development of sierra Leone between 1850 and 1900.

b) Why did creole influence decline atfer 1900?

5.a) What were the causes of conflicts between Asante,Fante and British?

b) How did these conflicts affect the people of Gold coast?

6.a) Describe the French system of administration in Senegal.

b) Why was this system unsuccessful?

7. Describe the changes introduced in Gold Coast (Ghana ) during collonial rule in:

a) agriculture,

b) transport and communications.

8.Explain the contribution of the following political parties to the independence struggle in West Africa:

a)National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons(NCNC),

B) Rassemblement Democratic African (RDA).

 

SECTION B: CENTRAL AFRICA

9.a) Why did the Bantu speaking peoples move into Central Africa?

b) Describe their migration and settlement in Central Africa.

10.a) How was the Kingdom of Kongo organised during the reign of Afonso 1 (1506-1543)?

b) Explain the causes of Kongo's collapse.

11.Describe the career and achivements of the following:

a) Mzilikazi,

b) Lewanika.

12.a) Expalin the causes of the “Mfecane”.

b) How did the “Mfecane” affect the peoples of Central Africa?

13.a) How did slave trade affect thje peoples of central Africa?

b) Describe the steps taken to abolish slave trade in Central Africa.

14.a) Explain the causes of the 1893 Ndebele war.

b)What were the effects of this war on the Ndebele Kingdom?

15.a) Describe the British system of administration in Nyasaland (Malawi).

b) How did the Nyasaland achieve its independence?

16.a) Why did the people of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia) resist colonialrule?

b) Explain the contribution of world war 11 to the independence struggle in Northern Rhodesia(Zambia)

18.a) Expalin the causes of the Pedi resistance of 1861-1879.

b) What were the effects of this resistance?

19.a) Describe the changes introduced by the British in the Cape Colony.

b) What effects did these changes have on the Africans?

20.a) How was the Basuto state established?

b) Explain the achievements of Moshesh for Basutoland.

21.a) What were the causes of the “Kaffir wars” between 1834 and 1853?

b) How did these wars affect the Africans?

22.a) Epxlain the causes of the 1906 Bambata rebellion.

b) How did this rebellion affect the zulu people.

23.a) Describe the relationship between king Mswati and Europeans between 1840 and 1868.

b)Why did the British annex Swaziland?

24.a) Why did south-West African (Namibia) become a south African colony after World War 1?

b) How did Namibia attain her indepence?

Tuesday, 26 July 2011 09:12

HISTORY 2002

Written by Administrator
PAPER 1
  1. (a) Describe the organisation of the trade at the East African coast between AD 1000 and 1500.
    (b) How did this trade affect the people of the East African coast?
  2. (a) Trace the migration and settlement of the Luo in East Africa up to 1800?
    (b) How did this settlement affect the people of East Africa?

  3. (a) What factors led to the rise of Mirambo's empire?
    (b) Why did this empire collapse after 1884?
  4. Describe the political,social and economic organisation of any one of the following societies in east Africa up to 1900:
    (a) Masai,
    (b) Kikuyu.

  5. (a) How did the Portuegues administer the East African coast between 1500 and 1700?
    (b) Explain the effeects of Portuegues administration on the people of East Africa.
  6. (a) Describe the course of the Ngoni invasion into Southern Tanganyika between 1830 and 1860?
    (b) Why was this invasion successful?

  7. Explain the role of any two of the following in the colonisation of east Africa:
    (a) Explorers,
    (b) Missionaries,
    (c) Chartered companies.
  8. (a) Why did the British and Germans struggle for control of East Africa in the 19th Century?
    (b) Explain the methods used by the British to administer their territories in East Africa before 1920.

  9. (a) Why was the 1900 Buganda Agreement signed?
    (b) What were the effects of this agreement on the people of Uganda up to Independence.

  10. (a) Explain the factors that led to the issuing of the 1923 Devonshire White paper.
    (b) What were the effects of the White Paper on the people of Kenya?

  11. (a) Why was East Africa involved in world War I?
    (b) How did this war affect the people of East Africa?

  12. (a) What were the causes of the Mau-mau rebellion of 1952-60?
    (b) How did this rebellion affect the people of East Africa?


PAPER 2

SECTION A: WEST AFRICA
  1. (a) Describe the origins of Ghana empire?
    (b) How was the empire organised by AD 1000?
  2. (a) Describe the organisation of the kingdom of Dahomey.
    (b) What led to the decline of the kingdom of dahomey during the 19th Century?

  3. (a) Explain the origins of the Trans-Atlantic trade.
    (b) Why did this trade increase between the 18th and 19th Century?
  4. (a) Why was Liberia founded in 1821?
    (b) Describe the political developments in Liberia up to 1883.

  5. (a) Why did Uthman dan Fodio declare a Jihad in Hausaland?
    (b) What were the results of this Jihad?
  6. (a) What led to the formation the Fante Federation in 1868?
    (b) Why did the federation fail?

  7. (a) What role did German play in the scramble and partion of West Africa?
    (b) How did the Germans administer Togo up to 1914?
  8. Explain the contribution of the following to the independence struggle in their countries:
    (a) Dr. Kwame Nkrumah,
    (b) Nnamdi Azikiwe.


SECTIONB: CENTRAL AFRICA

a) How was the Kingdom of Kazembe established by about 1760?
  1. b) Describe the contribution of Kazembe-111 (Ilunga Lukwesa) to the growth of this kingdom.

  2. a) How did the portugues stablish their rule in the congo?

    b) What were the effects of their rule in the Congo?

  3. a) Describe tghemovements of the Ngoni in Central Africa between 1830 and 1860.

    b) How did theior movements affect the peoples of central Africa?

  4. a) Expalin the achivements of King Lewanika for the Lozi Kingdom.

    b) What problems did he face duringt his regn?

  5. a) What were the causes of the 1887-89 Swahili war?

    b) Describe the course of this war.

  6. a) what was the response of the Ndebele towards the coming of Europeans in Matabeleland?

    b) How did European settlement in Matabeleland affect the Ndebele?

  7. a) What wasthe reaction of the Africans towards the proposedfederation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland?

    b) How was the federation formed?

  8. a) How did world War-11 influence the growth of nationalism in Northern Rhodesia (Zambia)?

    b) Explain the contribution of the nationalists to the attainment of independence in Zambia.

 

SECTION C: SOUTH AFRICA

17.a) Describe the migration and settlement of the Khoisan people before A.D. 1800.

b) How did this migration and settlement affect the Bantu in south Africa?

18.a) Why did the Dutch expand their settlement up to the Fish river by 1780?

b) What were the results of this expansion?

19.a) Describe the course of the Great Trek between 1835 and 1843.

b) How were the Africans and the British affected by the Great Trek ?

20.a) What were the origins of the Swazi nation?

b) Describe the organisation of the Swazi during the 16th Century.

21.Describe the role of the following in promoting christianity in south Africa:

a) Dutch Reformed Church,

b) Independent African Churches.

22.a) Explain the causes of the 1895 Jameson raid?

b) What were the consequences of the Jameson raid?

23.a) Why did the Zulu rise against the British in 1906?

b) What were the results of this uprising?

24.a) Explain the contribution of the South West African Peoples' Organisation (SWAPO) to the

struggle for independence in N amibia.

b) What problem did SWAPO face?

 

Thursday, 21 July 2011 15:21

HISTORY 2003

Written by Administrator

PAPER 1

  1. (a) What led to the settlement of the Arabs and Persians on the East African Coast between AD. 1000 and 1500?
    (b) How did their settlement affect the coastal people during that period?
  2. (a) Describe the Luo migration into East Africa pto 1800.
    (b) How did their migration affect the people of East Africa?

  3. (a) Describe the origins of the kingdom of Buganda.
    (b) What factors led to the expansion of this kingdom between 1650 and 1800?
  4. (a) What problems did the Portuguese face during their rule at the East African Coast?
    (b) How did their rule affect the Eas African Coast?

  5. (a) Why did Seyyid Said transfer his capital from Oman to Zanzibar in 1840?
    (b) What effects did Seyyid Said's rule have on the East African Coast?
  6. Describe the role played by any two of the following people in he Long Distance trade:
    (a) Kamba,
    (b) Yao,
    (c) Nyamwezi.

  7. (a) How did the activities of Christian missionaries lead to he colonisation of East Africa?
    (b) What problems did the missionaries face in East Africa?
  8. (a) Describe the German system of administration in Tanganyika.
    (b) What changes did the British introduce in Tanganyika after 1920?

  9. (a) Why did the Nandi rise against the British in 1895?
    (b) Why were they able to resist the British for a long time?
  10. What was the contribution of the following to the history of Uganda?
    (a) Sir Hesketh Bell,
    (b) Sir Andrew Cohen.

  11. (a) What were the problems faced during the construction of the Uganda Railway?
    (b) Explain the contribution of the Uganda Railway to the developmentt of East Africa.
  12. (a) Explain the causes of the Mau Mau rebellion.
    (b) How was this rebellion organised?

PAPER 2

SECTION B: WEST AFRICA
  1. (a) Describe the origins of the Trans-Saharan trade.
    (b) What obstacles did the traders face before AD 1500?
  2. (a) Explain the role of Samori Toure in building the Mandinka empire.
    (b) What led to the collapse of the empire by the end of the 19th Century?

  3. (a) Describe the origins of the Asante empire.
    (b) What led to the collapse of the Asante empire during the 19th century?
  4. (a) How was Sierre-Leone founded?
    (b) Why did the British take over Sierra-Leone in 1807?

  5. (a) Explain the causes of the 19th Century Islamic movements in West Africa.
    (b) How did these movements affect the people of West Africa?
  6. (a) Describe the contribution of Samuel Ajayi Crowther to the spread of Christianity in West Africa.
    (b) What problems did he face?

  7. Describe the changes which took place in Nigeria before independence in the following areas:
    (a) education.
    (b) health.
  8. Explain the factors that led to the rise of nationalism in West Africa after World War II.

SECTION C: CENTRAL AFRICA
  1. (a) What led to the rise of the Mwene-Mutapa empire?
    (b) Show the consquences of the Portuguese invasion of the empire.
  2. (a) Why did the Luba-Lunda migrate during the 17th and 18th Centuries?
    (b) Explain the effects of their migration in Central Africa.

  3. (a) Describe the organisation of the Ngoni during the early 19th Century.
    (b) Trace the migration and settlement of the Ngoni in Central Africa between 1818 and 1840.
  4. (a) Explain the causes of the 1887-89 Swahili war in  Nyasaland.
    (b) What were the effects of this war?

  5. (a) Explain the contribution of Christian missionaries to Central Africa.
    (b) What problems did the missionaries face in Central Africa?
  6. (a) Explain the causes of the 1896-07 Ndebele-Shona uprising.
    (b) Explain the role played by religion in these uprisings.

  7. (a) Describe the Belgian system of administration in the Congo.
    (b) What problems did the Belgians face in the Congo?
  8. Describe the contribution of the following to the achievement of independence in their countries:
    (a) Patrice Lumumba.
    (b) Joshua Nkomo.

SECTION D: SOUTH AFRICA
  1. Describe the:
    (a) Social,
    (b) Economic and,
    (c) Political organisation of the Sotho by 1800.
  2. (a) Explain the causes of the war between the british and the Zulu in the 1879.
    (b) What were the results of this war?

  3. (a) Describe the causes of the Great Trek between 1835 and 1842.
    (b) How did this trek affect the people of South Africa?

  4. (a) How did Paul Krugger promote Afrikaaner nationalism in South Africa?
    (b) What obstacles did he meet as the leader of the Transvaal Republic?
  5. (a) Describe the economic changes that took place in South Africa between 1867 and 1910.
    (b) How did these changes affect the Boers and the British?

  6. (a) What were the causes of the Nama-herero rebellion of 1904-07?
    (b) Why was the rebellion unsuccessful?
  7. (a) Why did the British annex Bechuanaland(Botswana) in 1885?
    (b) How did Botswana achieve independence?

  8. (a) Why was the organisation of African Unity(OAU) formed?
    (b) What was the contribution of OAU towards the ending Apartheid in South Africa?

 

 

Thursday, 21 July 2011 12:36

HISTORY 2004

Written by Administrator
PAPER 1

SECTION A: EAST AFRICA
  1. Describe the political,social and economic organisation of the following societies before 1850:
    (a) Banyankole,
    (kenyan Luo (Jo-Luo)
  2. (a) Why did the Bantu leave their cradle land?
    (b) Describe their migration and settlement in East Africa up to 1850.

  3. (a) How was the Hinda dynasty established in Karagwe?
    (b) What effects did the dynasty have on the people of this region?
  4. (a) What facors led to the rise of Buganda kingdom?
    (b) Describe the organisation of this kingdom during the 16th Century.

  5. (a) Describe the Portuguese conquest of the East African coast between 1500 and 1510.
    (b) Why did the Portuguese loose control of the coast by AD 1700?
  6. (a) What led to the abolition of slave trade in East Africa during the 19th Century?
    (b) How did the abolition of this trade affect East Africa?

  7. (a) Describe the origins of the Ngoni.
    (b) How did their migration and settlement affect the people of East Africa?
  8. Explain the role played by the following in the colonisation of East Africa.
    (a) Carl Peters,
    (b) Frederick Lugard.

PAPER 2

SECTION B: WEST AFRICA

  1. (a) Why did the empire of Ghana survive up to 1240?
    (b) What factors led to the collapse of this empire?
  2. (a) Explain the causes of the Yoruba civil wars between 1821 and 1892
    (b) How did these wars affect the Yoruba?

  3. (a) Describe the organisation of the Trans-Atlantic trade.
    (b) What were the effects of this trade on the people of West Africa?
  4. What was the role of the following in the political organisation of the Niger Delta states?
    (a) Jaja of Opobo.
    (b) Nana of Itsekiri.

  5. (a) Explain the causes of the 19th Century Jihads in West Africa.
    (b) How did the Jihads affect the people of West Africa?
  6. (a) Why was the Fante Confederation formed in 1868?
    (b) What were its achievements by 1873?

  7. (a) Why did the British use the policy of  Indirect rule in Nigeria?
    (b) What were the weaknesses of this policy?
  8. describe the contribution of the following political parties to the independence struggles in West Africa:
    (a) United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC),
    (b) Convention People's Party (CPP).

SECTION C: CENTRAL AFRICA

  1. Explain the importance of the following sites in the history of Central Africa:
    (a) Igombe IIede,
    (b) Great Zimbabwe,
  2. (a) What were the origins of the Mwata Kazembe kingdom?
    (b) Why did the kingdom collapse after 1850?

  3. (a) Why did the Ndebele migrate into Southern Rhodesia during the 19th Century?
    (b) What were the results of their migration?
  4. (a) Why were the Dutch Reformed Church missionaries interested in Central Africa?
    (b) How did their activities affect the people of Nyasaland (Malawi)?

  5. (a) Describe the importance of Gungunyana in the history of the Gaza kingdom.
    (b) Why were the Portuguese able to conquer his kingdom?
  6. (a) What were the causes of the 1896-97 Shona-Ndebele uprisings?
    (b) Describe the organisation of these uprisings.

  7. (a) Describe the methods used by Leopold II to gain control of the Congo Free State by 1908.
    (b) What were the effects of his rule on the people of Congo?
  8. Explain the contributin of the following to the struggle for independence in Northern Rhodesia(Zambia):
    (a) The Zambia African National Congress (ZANC),
    (b) The United National Independence Party (UNIP).

SECTION D: SOUTH AFRICA

  1. (a) Describe the migration and settlement of the San in South Africa.
    (b) How were the San organised by 1800?
  2. (a) Why was the Dutch East India Company established in 1652?
    (b) How did it's establishment affect the Africans in South Africa?

  3. (a) Describe the achievements of Dingiswayo for the Mthethwa before 1817.
    (b) What problems did he face during this period?
  4. (a) Why did the British annex the Republic of Transvaal in 1877?
    (b) What  were the effects of this annexation?

  5. (a) Why were African Independent Churches established in South Africa during the 20th Century?
    (b) Describe the activities of he African Independent Churches in South Africa during this period.
  6. (a) What were the terms of the 1902 Vereeniging treaty?
    (b) How did this treaty affect the peoplre of South Africa?

  7. (a) Explain the causes of the war between the Basuto and the British between 1880 and 1881.
    (b) What were the effects of this war?
  8. (a) Why was the African National Congress (ANC) formed in 1935?
    (b) Describe the role of ANC in the liberastion of South Africa.

Wednesday, 20 July 2011 15:58

HISTORY 2005

Written by Administrator

SECTION B: WEST AFRICA

  1. (a) Explain the contribution of Mansa Musa to the growth of Mali empire.
    (b) Why did Mali empire decline?
  2. (a) Describe the origins of the Oyo empire.
    (b) Why was the empire able to survive between the 15th and 19th Century?

  3. (a) Describe the organisation of the Triangular trade in West Africa.
    (b) How did this trade affect the people of West Africa?
  4. (a) What were the origins of the Creoles in West Africa?
    (b) Explain the contributions of the Creoles to the development of Sierre Leone.

  5. (a) How was Islam spread in West Africa up to the 19th Century?
    (b) Waht were the effects of Islam on the people of West Africa?
  6. (a) Why was the 1884-85 Berlin Confrence held?
    (b) How did the results of this confrence affect West Africa?

  7. (a) How did John Maclean administer the Gold Coast between 1830 and 1843?
    (b) What problems did he face during his administration?
  8. Describe the:
    (a) Social,
    (b) Economic developments in Senegal during the colonial rule.

SECTION D: SOUTH AFRICA
  1. (a) Why did the Bantu migrate into South Africa?
    (b) Describe the organisation of the Bantu by 1800.
  2. (a) Why did the Dutch settle at the Cape between the 16th and the 18th Centuries?
    (b) Describe the Dutch rule in the Cape colony between 1803 and 1805.

  3. (a) What were the causes of the Blood River war of 1838?
    (b) How did this war affect tha Boers and Africans in South Africa?
  4. (a) Explain the origins of the Zulu kingdom.
    (b) How was the kingdom organised in the early 19th Century?

  5. (a) Explain the contribution of Christian missionaries to the development of South Africa during the 19th Century.
    (b) What problems did the Misssionaries face in South Africa?
  6. (a) What were the causes of the 1880-81 Anglo-Boer war?
    (b) How did this war affect the people of South Africa?
  7. (a) Explain the causes of the 1976 Soweto uprising.
    (b) What were the results of this uprising?

  8. Describe the role of the following in the growth of nationnalism in South Africa:
    (a) Clement Kadalie,
    (b) Nelson Mandela.
Tuesday, 19 July 2011 12:43

HISTORY 2006

Written by Administrator
PAPER 1

SECTION A: EAST AFRICA
  1. (a) Describe the organisation of the Indian ocean trade between AD 1000 and 1500.
    (b) What were the effects of this trade to the people of east Africa?
  2. (a) Why did the Luo migrate from the Bahr-el-Ghazal about 1400?
    (b) Describe their migration and settlement in East Africa up to 1800.

  3. Describe the organisation of the following  societies before 1850.
    (a) Nyamwezi,
    (b) Maasai.
  4. (a) Why did the Portuguese come to the East African Coast?
    (b) What were the obstacles faced by the Portuguese in East Africa?

  5. (a) Describe the Ngoni migration and settlement in Tanganyika during the mid 19th century.
    (b)What were the effects of their migration and settlement to the people of this region?
  6. Explain the contribution of the following Chartered Companies to the establishment of colonial rule in east Africa.
    (a) The Imperial British East African(IBEA)Company.
    (b) The Germany East Africa(GEA) Company

  7. (a) What were the problems faced by Christian missionaries in East Africa?
    (b) How did their activities affect the people of East Africa?

  8. (a) What were the causes of the 1895-1905 Nandi resistance against the British?
    (b) Why did it take long for the british to defeat the Nandi?
  9. (a) Explain the causes of the Anglo-German rivalry in east Africa.
    (b) What were the steps taken to end this rivalry?

  10. (a) Why was East Africa involved in the World War 2?
    (b) What were the effects of this war on East Africa?
  11. (a) Describe the role played by White settlers in the economic development of Kenya.
    (b) how did the activities of the settlers affect the people of Kenya?

  12. (a) Explain the causes of the 1953 kabaka crisis.
    (b) What were the effects of the crisis on the people of uganda?
PAPER 2

SECTION B: WEST AFRICA
  1. (a) Explain the factors that led to the growth of the Trans-Saharan trade up to AD 1500.
    (b) What were the results of this trade to the people of Western Sudan?
  2. (a) What factors led to the 2nd Kanem-Bornu Empire?
    (b) Why did it decline towards the end of the 18th Century?

  3. (a) Describe the origins of the Dahomey Kingdom.
    (b) How was it organised during the 17th Century?
  4. (a) Describe the steps that were taken abolish the Trans-African trade.
    (b) How did the abolition of this trade affect the people of West Africa?

  5. (a) Explain the contribution of the Creoles to the history of West Africa.
    (b) What problems did the Creoles face during the second half of the 19th Century?
  6. Explain the importance of following in the spread of Islam in West Africa.
    (a) Uthman dan Fodio,
    (b) Mohammad Bello.

  7. (a) Why was Samori Toure able to resist the French for long?
    (b) What factors led to his defeat in 1989?
  8. Explain the role played by the following parties in the struggle for independence in their countries:
    (a) The National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC).
    (b) The Ressemblement Decomcratique African (RDA)
SECTION D: SOUTH AFRICA
  1. (a) Descibe the migration and settlement of the Sotho-Tswana people in South Africa.
    (b) What were the consquences of their migration and settlement?
  2. (a) Explain the causes of the 1861-79 Pedi resistance.
    (b) What were the results of this resistance?

  3. (a) What factors led to the growth of the Swazi nation during the 19th Century?
    (b) How was King Sobhuza able to maintain the independence of the Swazi nation?

  4. (a) Why did christian missionaries come to South Africa during the 19th Century?
    (b) How did their activities affect the people of South Africa?
  5. (a) What were the tems of the Union Act of 1910?
    (b) How did the Union Act affect the people of South Africa?

  6. (a) Explain the causes of the 1906 Bambata rebellion.
    (b) What were the results of this rebellion?
  7. (a) Explain the importance of King Moshesh in the history of Basutoland.
    (b) Why did he request for British protection in 1868?

  8. (a) Describe the activities of the African National Congress(ANC) between 1912 and 1963.
    (b) What problems did it face during this period?
Tuesday, 19 July 2011 09:36

HISTORY 2007

Written by Administrator
PAPER 1

SECTION A: EAST AFRICA
  1. (a) Describe the migration and settlement of the Western bantu into east Africa between AD 1000 and 1400.
    (b) What were the effects of their settlement?
  2. (a) Why were Arabs intereste in the East African Coast btn AD 1000 abd 1500?
    (b) What were the effects of their settlement at the coast?

  3. What role did the following play in the history of the interlacustrine region?
    (a) The Tembuzi,
    (b) The Chwezi.
  4. (a) What were the origins of the Buganda Kingdom?
    (b) Explain the factors which led to the growth of the Buganda kingdom during the 18th Century.

  5. (a) Why were the portuguese interested in controlling the East African Coast during the 18th century?
    (b) What problems did they face at the coast?
  6. Explain the importance of the following to the history of Unyamwezi during the early 19th Century
    (a) Mirambo,
    (b) Nyungu ya Mawe.

  7. (a) Why did slave trade in East Africa increase during the mid 19th Century?
    (b) What were the steps taken to abolish this trade?

  8. (a) Describe the British system of administration in Uganda before 1900.
    (b) What problems did the British face during their administration in Uganda?
  9. (a) how was the 1905-07 Maji-maji resistance organised?
    (b) Why did this resistance fail?

  10. Explain the contribution of the following to the history of Kenya:
    (a) Lord Delamere.
    (b) Sir Charle Eliot.

  11. (a) Why was east Africa involved in World War 1?
    (b) How did this war affect the people of East Africa?
  12. (a) Explain the factors which contributed to the growth of nationalism in kenya between 1939 and 1952.
    (b) What problems did the nationalists face?

PAPER 2

SECTION B: WEST AFRICA
  1. (a) What factors were responsible for the rise of Songhay empire?
    (b) Why did the empire decline?
  2. (a) Describe the origins of the Oyo empire/
    (b) How was this empire organised during the 18th Century?

  3. (a) What factors led to the development of the trans-Atlantic slave trade?
    (b) How did this trade affect the people of West Africa?
  4. (a) Explain the causes of the 1898 Hut Tax war in Sierra Leone.
    (b) What were the effects of this war on the people of Sierra Leone?

  5. (a) Describe the role of Al-Hajji umar in the Futa Jallon jihad.
    (b) Why was this jihad successful?
  6. (a) Why did Christian missionaries come to West Africa?
    (b) What was their contribution to West Africa?

  7. (a) Explain the causes  of the war between the British and the Asante during the 19th Century.
    (b) How did these wars affect the Asante?
  8. Describe the role of the following in the struggle for indepence in their countries:
    (a) Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe.
    9b) Felix Housphouet Boigay.

SECTION D: SOUTH AFRICA
  1. (a) Why did the Khoisan people migrate to South Africa?
    (b) Describe the way of the life of the khoisan people by AD 1000.
  2. (a) Why did the british occupy the Cape Colony in 1806?
    (b) How did the Boers respond to this occupation?

  3. (a) Explain the causes of the great Trek.
    (b) What were the effects of the Trek on the people of South Africa?
  4. (a) Describe the organisation of the Swazi State during the 19th Century.
    (b) Why was the Swazi nation able to survive up to 1870?

  5. Explain the effects of the discovery of minerals in South Africabetween 1867 and 1910 on the:
    (a) Africans,
    (b) Whites.
  6. (a) Why was the Union of South Africa formed?
    (b) What were the effects of this union to the Africans in South Africa?

  7. (a) Explain the causes of the 1880-81 "War of the Guns".
    (b) How did this war affect the Basuto?
  8. (a) Why was the Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union (ICU) established in South Africa in 1919?
    (b) What were its achievements by 1930?

Monday, 18 July 2011 12:09

HISTORY 2008

Written by Administrator
PAPER 1

SECTION A: EAST AFRICA
  1. (a) What factors led to the growth of the East African coastal towns between AD 1000 and 1500?
    (b) Why did these towns decline?
  2. Describe the organisation of the following societies by AD 1800:
    (a) Nyamwezi,
    (b) Akamba.

  3. (a) Describe the origins of the Bunyoro Kitara kingdom.
    (b) Why did this kingdom decline during the 16th Century?

  4. (a) Explain the causes of the Mazaria (Mazrui)-Busaidi conflict.
    (b) Describe the course of the conflict between 1741 and 1840.

  5. (a) Why was Mirambo able to build his empire between 1870 and 1880?
    (b) What led to the collapse of his empire?

  6. (a) Describe the steps taken by the British to abolish slave trade in East Africa between 1807 and 1880?
    (b) What were the difficulties faced during the abolition of this trade?

  7. Explain the role played by each of the following in the collonisation of East Africa during the 2nd half of the 19th Century:
    (a) Traders
    (b) Missionaries

  8. (a) Why did the Germans apply direct rule in Tanganyika?
    (b) What were the of this rule on the people of Tanganyika?
  9. (a) Why ws the 1900 Buganda Agreement signed?
    (b) Describe the terms of the 1900 Buganda Agreement.

  10. (a) Describe the economic developments in Kenya between 1906 and 1950.
    (b) How were the people of kenya affected by these developments up to independence?

  11. (a) Explain the role played by the colonial government in promoting education in uganda before independence.
    (b) Why did the government become interested in controlling education after 1920?
  12. (a) What were the causes of the 1952-56 conflict between the kikuyu and the british?
    (b) How did this conflict affest the people of kenya?

PAPER 2

SECTION B: WEST AFRICA
  1. (a) Why did the Trans-Sahara trade expand between AD 1000 and 1500?(b) What factors led to the decline of this trade?
  2. (a) Describe the origins of the hausa states.
    (b) how were these states organised during the 15th Century?

  3. (a) What were the origins of the Asante empire?
    (b) Explain the role played by Osei Tutu in the expansion of this empire between 1695 and 1717.

  4. (a) Why was Sierra-Leone founded in 1787?
    (b) What problem did the founders face?
  5. (a) Explain the causes of the 19th Century Islamic Movements in West Africa.
    (b) How did these movements affect the people of West Africa?
  6. (a) What were the problems faced by the Christian missionaries during the 19th Century.
    (b)Describe the changes brought about by the missionaries during their rule.

  7. (a) Describe the French policy of Assimilation in Senegal.
    (b) Why did this policy fail?

  8. Explain the role played by the following towards the achievement of independence in west Africa:
    (a) Dr. Kwame Nkrumah
    (b) Felix Houphouet-Boigny.

SECTION C: CENTRAL AFRICA
  1. (a) Describe the administration of the Bemba state under Chitimukulu Chitapankwa between 1866 and 1887.
    (b) What problems did he face during his rule?
  2. (a) Why were the Portuguese interested in Kazembe in the late 18th Century?
    (b) How did their activities affect the people of Kazembe?

  3. (a) Explain the origins of the Ngoni.
    (b) How did their activities affect the people of Kazembe?

  4. (a) Why did the Swahili/Arabs gain control of the trade in Central Africa during the 19th Century?
    (b) How did this control affect the people of Central Africa?
  5. (a) Describe the role played by the Universities Mission to Central Africa(UMCA) in the spread of Christianity.
    (b) What difficulties did UMCA face?
  6. (a) What were the causes of the Shona-Ndebele uprising of 1896-97?
    (b) How did these uprisings affect the people of Central Africa?
  7. (a) Explain the role played by Patrice Lumumba in the struggle for independence of the Congo.
    (b) What problems did the Congolese face during their struggle for independence?

  8. (a) Describe the administration of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia) under the British South African Company (BSA Co.)
    (b) What were the effects of this administration?


SECTION D: SOUTH AFRICA
  1. (a) What were the origins of the Khoi-Khoi?
    (b) Describe their organisation during the 16th Century.
  2. (a) What led to the movement of the Boers from the Cape into the interior of South Africa?
    (b) how did this movement affect the history of South Africa?

  3. (a) Why did the British annex Natal in 1843?
    (b) How did this annexation affect the Whites and Blacks in South Africa?

  4. (a) Describe the economic developments in South Africa between 1867 and 1910.
    (b) How did these developments affect the people of South Africa?

  5. (a) Explain the causes of the conflicts between Paul Kruger and Cecil Rhodes.
    (b) What led to the defeat of Cecil Rhodes during these conflicts?

  6. (a) Explain the factors that led to the growth of the nationalism in Bechuanaland(Botswana) between 1920 and 1960.
    (b) How did this nationalism affect the history of Bechuanaland?

  7. (a) Why were Bantustans created in South Africaduring the first half of the 20th Century?
    (b)What were the consquences of the creation of the Bantustans?

  8. (a) Explain the contributions of the South West African People's Organisation(SWAPO) to the independence struggle of Namibia.
    (b) What problems did SWAPO face?

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