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AGRICULTURE
Wednesday, 04 April 2012 13:48

AGRICULTURE Paper 1&2 1990

Written by B.K.Sharon

PAPER 1

THEORY

PART A

Answer all the questions in this part. Write all the answers in the spaces provided. You are advised not to spend more than 30 minutes on this part.

1.     Circle the letter corresponding to the best alternative answer.

a)     East coast fever is caused by

A.    Ticks

B.     Bacteria

C.     Protozoa

D.    Tsetse fly

b)    Stets are planting materials used in the propagation of

A.    Irish potatoes

B.     Sugar cane

C.     Cassava

D.    Bananas

c)     A compound fertilizer contains nitrogen (N) phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) in the ratio of 4:2:4. 100kg of this fertilizer contains.

A.    20kg N, 10kg P and 20 kg K

B.     40kg N, 2kg P and 40kg K

C.     4kg N, 2kg P and 4kg K

D.    40kgN, 20kg P and 40kg K

d)    In farm accounting, "debt receivable" is

A.    A liability

B.     An inventory

C.     An asset

D.    A profit

e)     Which of the following would be the likely cause of you tractor engine stopped suddenly?

1.     No more fuel in the tank

2.     The battery is disconnected

3.     There is a blockage in the fuel line

4.     The engine is over heated

A.    1,2 and 4

B.     2 and 3

C.     2, 3 and 4

D.    1 and 3

f)      Which of the following is a function of the omasum the ruminant digestion?

A.    Breakdown of carbohydrates

B.     Reduction of water content of the food

C.     Sending back the cud for rechewing in the mouth

D.    Protein digestion

g)     Which of the following is a variable cost in agriculture production?

A.    Rent

B.     Insurance

C.     Feed costs

D.    Wages of the farm manager

h)    Which of the following is not a characteristic of the petrol engine?

A.    A carburetor

B.     A spark plug

C.     An injector pump

D.    A throttle valve

2.     a) Mention 4 signs of ill - health in an egg - laying flock.

b) List any 4 methods of disease control in livestock without the use of drugs

3.     a) List 3 factors that affect the price of a commodity.

b) Mention 2 functions of a marketing board.

4.     List 4 beneficial effects and 2 harmful effects of soil organisms in the soil.

a)     Beneficial effects

b)    Harm full effects

5.     List four ways of increasing the grip of a tractor.

6.     List four reasons why wood is a widely used building material.

 

PART B

Answer four questions, which must include at least one from each section. Write all your answers on the answer sheets provided.

SECTION I

MECHANISATION AND FARM MANAGEMENT

7.     a) Farm buildings are important structures on a farm. Discuss the factors to be considered when putting up a building for storage on a farm.

b) What are the advantages of having good storage facilities for crop produce on a farm?

8.     a) Mention 4 types of cooperative organizations in Uganda.

b) What benefits does a farmer get by being a member of a cooperative society?

9.     a) With the aid of a labelled diagram describe the working of a wet type (oil bath) air cleaner.

b) How would you service it to ensure it is good working condition?

 

SECTION II

CROP PRODUCTION

10. a) What are the effects of applying too much of a nitrogen fertilizer on a crop?

b) Outline the importance of phosphorus as a plant nutrient element.

11. Discuss in detail the production of a crop of maize from seed bed preparation to harvesting. (Mention must be made of fertilizer application, pest and disease control, etc...)

12.   The following are important management practices on crop production. Explain the importance of each in relation to good crop yields.

(i)    Proper seedbed preparation,

(ii)  Timely planting,

(iii)Correct spacing,

(iv)  Proper drying of produces before storage.

 

SECTION III

ANIMAL PRODUCTION

13. a) What are the symptoms of worm infestation in calves?

b) What control measures would you adopt against worm infestation?

14.  Discuss the management of piglets from furrowing to weaning.

15.  a) What are the qualities of a good egg?

b) How would you ensure the production of good quality eggs in a laying flock?

 

PAPER 2

PRACTICAL

1.     Examine specimens A1,A2 and A3 and answer the questions that follow.

a)     Identify the specimens.

A1 ............................................................................................................

A2 ............................................................................................................

A3 ............................................................................................................

b) Observe and describe the surface structures of the specimens A1, A2 and A3.

A1 ..............................................................................................................

A2 ..............................................................................................................

A3 ...............................................................................................................

c)     State the functions specimens A1, A2 and A3 play in digestion.

A1 ..............................................................................................................

A2 ..............................................................................................................

A3 .............................................................................................................

2.     The following specimens B, C, D, E, F, G, H are common pasture. Examine them and fill in the table below:

Specimen Identify Planting material used inpropagation
B

C

D

E

F

G

H

 

3.     a) identify specimens I and J

I ...........................................................................................................................

J .........................................................................................................................

b) What structures do the two specimens have in common?

c) What is the importance of the common structure you have named in 3 (b) above?

d) Name the farm structure in which the specimens I and J are used.

e) List 5 uses to the farmer of the structure named in 3 (d) above.

4.  Identify the following specimens K, L, M, N, U, P, Q, R, S, T and state one use of each on the farm

Specimen Identify Use
K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

 

5.  In a season Mr. Lapur produced 10,000kgs of maize from hectares. He sold off the maize at shs 60/= per kilo. His product costs were.

Hire of machinery                      shs40, 000/=

Cost of seeds                                    10,000/=

Casual labour                                     5,000/=

Fertilizers                                          10,000/=

Wages of 2 permanent workers   24, 000/=

Other fixed costs                           150,000/=

a)     Calculate Mr. Lapur's gross margin per hectare.

b)    Calculate his overall net profit or net loss.

6 a) Identify specimen U

Identify .................................................................................................

b) Name the disease which has attacked this specimen.

c) Describe the symptoms of this disease as observed from the specimen.

d) Apart from the damages you have observed on the specimen mention one other damage the disease causes to the plant.

e) Give three control measures for the disease.

 

Wednesday, 04 April 2012 12:23

AGRICULTURE Paper 1&2 1991

Written by B.K.Sharon

PAPER 1

THEORY

PART A

Answer all the questions in this part. Write all the answers in the space provided. You are advised not to spend more than 30 minutes on this part.

1.     Write , in the box, the letter corresponding to the best answer.

a)     High soil pH can be corrected by application of

A.    Sulphate of ammonia

B.     Lime

C.     Compound fertilizers.

D.    Organic matter.

b)    Mating of unrelated animals belonging to the same pure breed is referred to as

A.    Inbreeding.

B.     Crossbreeding.

C.     Line breeding.

D.    Out breeding.

c)     Topping in tobacco is done to

A.    Encourage formation of wider leaves.

B.     Restrict the height of the plant.

C.     Stimulate growth of suckers.

D.    Speed up maturity of the crop.

d)    Which one of the following hormones suppresses milk let down in a lactating cow?

A.    Oestrogen.

B.     Adrenalin

C.     Oxytocin.

D.    Prolactin.

e)     Which of the following is a sucking pest?

A.    American bollworm.

B.     Aphids.

C.     Weevils.

D.    Cotton lygus.

f)      In a tractor engine, the tappets control the

A.    Rate of flow of fuel into the cylinders.

B.     Opening and closing of the valves.

C.     Up and down movement of the pistons.

D.    Rate of flow of lubricating oil.

2.     a) Distinguish between short term and long term credit.

b) Give three reasons why a farmer may fail to pay back credit extended to him.

3.     a) Define the term firing order of an engine.

b) Give the two possible firing others of a 4cylinder engine.

c) What are the limitations of a 2 stroke engine?

4.     a) Why is budding or grafting important in the propagation of crop plants?

(i)                .............................................................................................................

(ii)              .............................................................................................................

(iii)            ..............................................................................................................

(iv)            ..............................................................................................................

(v)              .............................................................................................................

b) Name four micronutrients important for proper growth and development of crop plants.

c) Why are micronutrients essential in plant growth?

5.     a) Which four factors would you consider when making animal feeds?

b) Mention the mineral nutrients whose deficiencies result in the following conditions in farm animals.

(i)    Grass tetany ......................................................................................

(ii)  Night blindness .................................................................................

(iii)Piglet ansemia .........................................................................

(iv) Soft shelled eggs .....................................................................

(v)  Milk fever ...........................................................................................

 

PART B

Answer four questions, including at least one from each section. Write all your answers in the answer booklets provided.

SECTION I

MECHANISATION AND FARM MANAGEMENT

6.     a) Discuss the safety precautions you would take when operating farm machines.

b) What factors affect the of agricultural tractor tyres?

7.     a) Giving two examples in each case, distinguish between the terms risks and uncertainty as used in agricultural production.

b) How can farmers guard against risks and uncertainties?

8.     a) What are farm structures? Why are they necessary on a farm?

b) Discuss the methods you would use to treat fence posts to ensure their long life.

 

SECTION II

CROP PRODUCTION

9.     a) What is farm yard manure? Describe how you would make good quality farm yard manure for use in a vegetable plot.

b) What factors would affect the quality of the farm yard manure you have made in 9(a) above?

10.                        Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of pruning perennial crops.

11.                        a) Why are plants like couch grass, sedges and oxalis described as weeds?

b) (i)couch grass is a particularly difficult weed to control. Why?

(ii) What would be the most effective way to control couch grass?

c) How would you ensure the effectiveness of herbicides in weed control?

 

SECTION III

ANIMAL PRODUCTION

12. a) What is artificial insemination?

b) Outline the benefit of artificial insemination.

c) Why is the use of artificial insemination not widespread in Uganda?

13.  a) Why is anthrax referred to as a notifiable disease?

b) How is anthrax contracted? Outline its symptoms and methods of control.

c) What is the economic importance of the liver fluke?

14.  a) What is silage?

b) What advantages does silage have over hay as a livestock feed?

c) (i) how would you mix, a 100 kg ration containing 23% crude protein protein, for day 0 chicks from maize containing 10% crude protein and a protein supplement containing 36% crude protein?

(ii) What other supplements would you need to balance the ration?

 

PAPER 2

PRACTICAL

1.     Weight 40gm of specimen M provided, into a 250cm3 measuring cylinder. Add water up to the 150 cm3mark and shake vigorously for about a minute. Allow to stand for 15 minutes.

(i) Draw a labelled diagram to show the layers of the different soil tractions as they appear in the measuring cylinder after the 15 minutes.

(ii) Moisten a small quantity of the specimen and rub between the thumb and index fingers. Record your observations below.

(iii) What do you deduce about the textural class of specimen M?

(iv) What problems does a farmer face with this type of soil?

(v)  Suggest 2 ways by which the problems you have mentioned in (iv) above can be solved.

2.     You are provided with specimens N and O which are crop pests. Carefully observe the specimens and answer the question below.

a)     Identify specimens N and O.

Identify N ....................................................................................................

O..................................................................................................

b)    What kinds of damage do specimens N and O cause to crop plants?

N.................................................................................................................

O ................................................................................................................

c)     Give reasons for your answer in 2(a) above.

d)    What three cultural measures would you use to control these pests, N and O?

3.     a) Observe specimens P, Q and R provided and identify them.

Identify specimen P .....................................................................................

Specimen Q ..................................................................................................

Specimen R ...................................................................................................

b) State 2 functions of each of specimens P and Q.

Specimen P

(i)                ............................................................................................................

(ii)              ...........................................................................................................

Specimen Q

(i)                ...........................................................................................................

(ii)              ............................................................................................................

c) Why is specimen R shaped the way it is?

4.     On 1st January, 1990, Mr. Musoke's farm assets stood as follows:

Assets                                     Value (shs)

2 cows                                    150,000/=

200 chickens                          200,000/=

1 breeding bull                      100,000/=

Coffee seedlings                         5,000/=

Farm implements                 500,000/=

During the year Mr. Musoke's farm business spent and received money as follows:

Bought 2 bags of fertilizers at 25,000/= each bag

Paid for agrochemicals at 6000/=

Sold 2000 litres of milk at 150/=

Sold 100 broilers at 2,000/=

Paid rent on land 250,000/=

Interest on bank loan 50,000/=

Paid wages 215,000/=

Sold 500kgs of coffee at 120/= per kg.

Sold 30 bags of maize at 5000/= per bag

His closing inventory on 31/12/90 was valued at shs950, 000/=

From the information given.

a)     Draw up a profit and loss account for Mr. Musoke's farm as at 31st December, 1991 and show his net profit or net loss.

b)    What was his opening inventory at the start of the 1990 year?

5.     a) Carefully observe specimen S and identify.

Identify ...........................................................................................................

b) Make a labelled diagram of the specimen.

c) Why is this specimen economically important to a farmer?

d) How is the specimen controlled?

6.     a) Identify specimens T, U and V.

T .........................................................................................................................

U .........................................................................................................................

V .........................................................................................................................

b) Name three uses of these specimens on the farm.

c) State with a reason in each case, which of these specimens you would select for establishment in areas of:

(i) Fertile soil with reliable rainfall.

(ii) Moderate to poor soil with pronounced dry season.

(iii) How would you propagate specimen T?

 

Wednesday, 04 April 2012 08:01

AGRICULTURE Paper 1&2 1993

Written by B.K.Sharon

PAPER 1

THEORY

PART A

Answer all the questions in this part. Write all the answers in the spaces provided. You are advised not to spend more than 30 minutes on this part.

1.     Circle the letter corresponding to the best alternative.

a)     A horned bull is crossed with a polled cow and the offspring is polled. This means that

A.    The gene for horned condition is recessive.

B.     The polled condition is recessive.

C.     Genes controlling the two conditions are homologous.

D.    The offspring is homozygous for the polled condition.

b)    One reason why legumes are planted in pastures is to

A.    Reduce cases of bloat in the grazing herd.

B.     Suppress the growth of pasture weeds.

C.     Increase the energy content of the pasture.

D.    Improve the soil nitrogen content for healthy grass growth.

c)     Which of the following processes that occurs in animals requires the least amount of protein?

A.    Reproduction

B.     Growth

C.     Fattening

D.    Milk production

d)    Which of the following is a mounted tractor implement?

A.    A trailer

B.     A moldboard plough

C.     A seed drill

D.    A roller.

2.     a) Name four major insect pests of stored procedure.

(i)                ............................................................................................................

(ii)              ............................................................................................................

(iii)            ............................................................................................................

(iv)            ............................................................................................................

b) What four precautions should a farmer take when storing a grain crop in order to avoid insect damage?

(i) ...................................................................................................................

(ii) ..................................................................................................................

(iii) .................................................................................................................

(iv)...................................................................................................................

3.     The figure below shows the internal structure of an egg.

 

IMAGE

 

a)     Name the parts labelled P, Q, R, S, T and U on the diagram.

b)    State the function of P.

c)     Why should eggs be stored with a hen?

4.     a) (i) What is meant by inelastic demand?

(ii) What kind of commodities has this type of demand?

b) Give four factors that may cause changes in demand for a commodity.

(i) ...................................................................................................................

(ii).....................................................................................................................

(iii)..................................................................................................................

(iv)...................................................................................................................

5.     A farmer has a rectangular piece of land measuring 1000m by 500m around which a 4 strand perimeter barbed wire fence is to be constructed. Given that the length of one roll of barbed wire is 600m and the spacing between the fence posts is 15m. Calculate.

(i) The number of rolls of wire required.

(ii) The number of fence posts required.

 

PART B

Answer four questions, including at least one from each section. Write all your answers in the answer booklets provided.

SECTION I

MECHANISATION AND FARM MANAGEMENT

6.     a) What are the benefits of draining farm land?

b) Discuss the environmental problems that swamp drainage is likely to cause in Uganda.

7.     a) State the importance of farm structures in production.

b) What factors should a farmer consider when choosing a site for and constructing a building for farm animals?

8.     The table below shows the quantity of rice produced at various levels of fertilizer application.

Amount of fertilizer                 total yield of rice

(In 20kg bags)                            (In bag)

0                                                      4

2                                                      10

4                                                      28

6                                                      42

8                                                      52

10                                                      60

12                                                      66

14                                                       68

16                                                       64

a)     Using a suitable scale plot a graph of amount of fertilizers applied against the total yield of rice.

b)    From your graph, how many bags of rice would be produced if 9 bags of fertilizers were applied?

c)     Why does the yield of rice drop after the 14th bag of fertilizer?

 

SECTION II

CROP PRODUCTION

9.     a) Describe how you would prepare a good nursery bed for raising vegetable seedlings.

b) State the various operations carried out in caring for seedlings growing in a nursery bed.

10. a)   Name and explain the factors that encourage soil erosion by running water.

b) What measures can be taken to prevent the development of gullies in the field?

11.  a) Describe the single and multiple stem pruning systems in coffee.

b) How does pruning increase production in coffee?

 

SECTION III

ANIMAL PRODUCTION

12. a) What are the advantages of the following practices in livestock production?

(i)  Castration

(ii) Dehorning

b) Describe how you would dehorn a calf using the chemical method.

13.   a) Outline the factors that may lead to a disease outbreak in a poultry house.

b) How would you identify a sick bird in a flock of layers?

c) Give control measures that should be taken against egg eating among layers.

14. How would you ensure the production of good quality hides and skins from farm animals?

 

PAPER 2

PRACTICAL

1.     You are provided with

-       Two filter funnels

-       Glass wool

-       2 soil samples labelled A and B.

-       2 measuring cylinders.

a)     Label the two filter A into funnel A and all the soil labelled B into funnel B. add 100 cm3 of water to each of the funnels and collect the water passing through the soil samples for 15 minutes.

Measure the volume of water that has passed through each soil sample

Record your observations in the table below:

Vol. of water added Vol. of water that passed through soil Vol. of water retained by soil
Soil A 100cm3
Soil B 100cm3

b)    (i) Name the soil properties being tested in the experiment.

(ii) How are the two properties related to size of soil particles?

c)     From your experiment, state with reasons which of the two soil samples is more suitable for crop production.

2.     Specimen G, D, E and F provided are common livestock feeds observe them and fill in the table below:

Specimen Identity Type of feed Why it is fed to livestock
C
D
E
F

 

3.     Specimen G is a component of the electrical system of a tractor.

a)     (i) Identify the specimen

(ii) What is its function in the tractor?

b)    In the space below, draw and label specimen G. state your magnification.

c)     Mention three factors that may affect the performance of specimen G.

d)    How would you service specimen G to ensure it performs efficiently?

4.     Carefully observe the sick bird provided.

a)     List the signs or symptoms of sickens you observe on this bird.

b)    From the signs or symptoms you have listed in (a) above suggest the disease this bird is suffering from.

c)     How is the disease you have identified treated?

d)    What measure would you take on a poultry farm to prevent the outbreak of this disease?

5.     Observe specimen H which is a crop plant.

a)     State, with reasons, the family to which the plant belongs.

b)    How do the structures on the roots of H develop?

c)     What type of association has resulted in the development of the structures in (b) above?

d)    Of what benefits is this association?

(i)    To specimen H,

(ii)  To other crops plants?

6.     Observe specimens P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W which are common weed plants.

a)     Identify each of the specimens.

P ......................................................     T .........................................................

Q .....................................................      U .......................................................

R .....................................................       V .......................................................

S ......................................................       W .....................................................

b)    Classify each of the specimens according to the headings.

Annual weeds                                   perennial weeds

...........................................                ...........................................................

c)     (i) Which three cultural practices would you use to control the weeds above?

(ii) Which one of the weeds can be controlled by biological means?

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tuesday, 03 April 2012 12:07

AGRICULTURE paper 1&2 1992

Written by B.K.Sharon

PAPER 1

THEORY

PART A

Answer all the questions in this part. Write all the answers in the spaces provided. You are advised not to spend more than 30 minutes on this part.

1.      a) the soil free living bacterium responsible for nitrogen fixation is

A.      nitrobacter

B.      azotobacter

C.      rhizobium

D.     nitrosomonas

b) Which of the following pests may cause the loss of plant sap?

A.      weevils

B.      bollworms

C.      termites

D.     aphids

c) The pitch of a mouldboard plough provides.

A.      protection for the share

B.      the cutting edge

C.      for the penetration of the blade into the soil

D.     stability for the plough

d) In production, the cost of feeds is

A.      a variable cost

B.      an opportunity cost

C.      a fixed cost

D.     a marginal cost

2.      a) Of what importance is phosphorus in plant growth and development?

(i)                 .........................................................................................................

(ii)               .........................................................................................................

(iii)             .........................................................................................................

(iv)              .........................................................................................................

(v)                .........................................................................................................

b) Give three ways by which plant nutrients lost from the soil can be replaced

(i)     ..........................................................................................................

(ii)   ..........................................................................................................

(iii) ..........................................................................................................

3.      a) Figure 1, below shows the female reproductive system of a farm animal. Name the parts labelled (i) - (iv) on the diagram.

 

IMAGE

 

b) Give the functions of parts labelled (i), (v) and (vi)

(i)     .........................................................................................................

(ii)   ..........................................................................................................

(iii) ..........................................................................................................

4.      Give five reasons why private ownership of land is more beneficial to a farmer than communal land ownership.

(i)                 ...........................................................................................................

(ii)               ...........................................................................................................

(iii)             ...........................................................................................................

(iv)              ...........................................................................................................

(v)                ...........................................................................................................

5.      Figure 2, below shows the cylinders in a four stroke diesel engine of a farm tractor with the firing order 1-3-4-2. Study the figure and answer the questions that follow.

 

IMAGE

 

a)      In the spaces provided name the stroke occurring in each cylinder.

b)      Indicate on the diagram the direction of movement of the piston in each cylinder.

c)      Indicate the positions of the valves in each case.

 

PART B

Answer four questions, including at least one from each section. Write all your answers in the answer booklets provided.

SECTION I

MECHANISATION AND FARM MANAGEMENT

6.      a) Outline the importance of keeping good farm records.

b) Using the information below, draw up a balance sheet for Mr. Mkulima's farm business as at 31st December, 1991.

Cash at hand                      shs12,000

Account payable                      38,700

Debtors                                    31,000

Bank balance                            38,000

Taxes                                        84,000

Livestock and crops                450,000

Land                                    2,500,000

Bank overdraft                         65,000

Machinery                                95,000

Loan                                      500,000

7.      a) Name four components of the transmission system of a tractor and give one function of each one.

b) How would you care for a tractor battery to ensure that it lasts a long time?

8.      a) What is the importance of fences in farm management?

b) Outline the steps followed in erecting a wire fence.

 

SECTION II

CROP PRODUCTION

9.    a) Define crop rotation.

b) What factors are considered when planning a crop rotation programme?

c) Plan a rotation programme for the following crops: sorghum, cotton, cowpeas, cassava and millet.

10.  a)What is soil pH?

b) Describe a simple experiment you would perform to determine the pH of a given soil sample.(use of pH meter not expected)

c) How can favourable pH for crop growth be maintained?

11.  a) Outline the qualities of a good pasture.

b) Explain how you would establish and maintain a good pasture stand.

 

SECTION III

ANIMAL PRODUCTION

12.  a) Outline the symptoms of east coast fever and new castle diseases.

b) How could disease outbreak on a farm be prevented?

13.  a) Describe the care you would take of an in-calf cow up to the time of delivery.

b) Why must colostrums be fed to the new born calf?

14.  a) How does a pig digest its food?

b) Why does a pig need other feedstuffs apart from grass only?

 

PAPER 2

PRACTICAL

1.      a) (i) Identify specimen Q provided.

(ii) State the use of the specimen.

(iii) Describe how the specimen is operated.

(iv)  Give two advantages of using the specimen.

b) (i) Identify specimen R.

(ii) What is the use of the specimen?

(iii) Name two other items that are normally used in association with the specimen.

2.      a) Identify specimen X and Y.

X   ...................................................................................................................

Y   ...................................................................................................................

b) (i) State where each specimen is used in a machine.

X   ...................................................................................................................

Y   ...................................................................................................................

(ii) What characteristics make X and Y suitable for use in the machine parts identified in (b) (i) above?

(c) Give two functions common to both X and Y in a machine.

(d) Give three other functions performed by X.

 

3.      Specimen S, T and U are common fertilizers used in crop growing.

a)      (i) Identify them.

S   ......................................................................................................................

T   ....................................................................................................................

U   ....................................................................................................................

(ii) Give one method of application of each of these fertilizers.

S   .....................................................................................................................

T   .....................................................................................................................

U   ....................................................................................................................

b)      (i) What major plant nutrients do these fertilizers supply?

S   .....................................................................................................................

T   .....................................................................................................................

U   ....................................................................................................................

(ii) At what stage of growth of maize crop are these fertilizers applied?

S   .....................................................................................................................

T   .....................................................................................................................

U   ....................................................................................................................

 

4.      a) Carefully observe specimen V and identify.

Identity   .................................................................................................................

(b) Make a labelled drawing of the head portion of the specimen.

c) State the reasons for economic importance of specimen V.

d) State the reasons for the economic importance of specimen V.

5.      Observe specimens I, J, K, L, M and N and fill in the table below.

Specimen Identity Use of the specimen on the farm
I
J
K
L
M
N

 

6.      You are provided with a Petri dish containing some germinated bean seeds.

a)      Count the number of seeds which have germinated and those which have not germinated.

Number of seeds germinated   ...........................................................................

Number of seeds that have not germinated   .....................................................

b)      Calculate the percentage of the total number of the seeds that have germinated.

c)      Using your answers in (a) and (b) above, comment on the suitability of the seeds provided for planting.

 

Monday, 02 April 2012 13:08

AGRICULTURE Paper 1&2 1994

Written by B.K.Sharon

PAPER 1

THEORY

PART A

Answer all the questions in this part. Write all the answers in the spaces provided. You are advised not to spend more than 30 minutes on this part.

1.     Circle the letter corresponding to the best answer.

a)     Which of the following sets of diseases is caused by the same type of organism?

A.    Cassava mosaic, tobacco mosaic and blight.

B.     Blight, coffee berry disease and rusts.

C.     Black rot, maize streak and bacterial wilt.

D.    Blight, black rot and rusts.

b)    The list below gives the methods commonly used to control soil erosion:

(i)                Mulching

(ii)              Planting vegetation

(iii)            Constructing gabions

(iv)            Terracing

Which of these methods would best be used in an area with a gentle slope?

A.    (i) and (iv)

B.     (i) and (ii)

C.     (ii) and (iii)

D.    (ii) and (iv)

c)     A student observed a group of cattle and found that some of the cattle had watery eyes, hair loss on the tail end and swollen chests and abdomen. Which disease were these animals suffering from?

A.    Anthrax

B.     East coast fever

C.     Foot and mouth disease

D.    Nagana

d)    A disc plough is pushed into the ground by the

A.    Weight  of the plough

B.     Rotation of the discs

C.     Tractor's pull

D.    Vibration of the beans

2.     a) State four objectives of breeding crop plants.

(i)                ............................................................................................................

(ii)              .............................................................................................................

(iii)            ............................................................................................................

(iv)            ............................................................................................................

b) (i)What is hybrid maize?

(ii) Why should you not plant seeds harvested from a hybrid crop to produce the next crop?

3.     The diagram below is an experiment set up to investigate one of the soil characteristics.

 

IMAGE

a)     In which of the soil samples  would water rise

(i) Fastest    ........................................................................................

(ii) Highest?  .......................................................................................

b)    Indicate by marking on the drawing the relative levels of water in the three soil samples after the experiment has stayed overnight.

c)     (i)What soil characteristics is being investigated in the experiment?

(ii) What is the importance of this characteristic to the plant?

4.     The figure below snows an important part of a tractor system. Study it and answer the questions that follow.

 

IMAGE

a)     Name the parts labelled 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 on the diagram.

b)    (i) What name is given to the part of the tractor system shown in the figure?

(ii) To which system does the part shown in the figure belong?

c)     State the function of this part of the tractor system.

5.     a) Define the following terms:

(i) dominant gene

(ii) recessive gene

b) The game for the polled (hornless) condition in cattle is dominant to that of the horned condition. A polled cow is mated to a polled bull and the F1 offspring is horned. Using genetic symbols show how this is possible.

 

PART B

Answer four questions, including at least one from each section. Write all your answers in the answer booklets provided.

SECTION I

MECHANISATION AND FARM MANAGEMENT

6.     a) Outline the advantages of mechanizing agricultural production.

b) Discuss problems a farmer is likely to face in trying to mechanize production.

7.     a) Draw up a balance sheet for Mr. Kato's farm for the year ending 31st December, 1993 from the following information.

Bank loan, 1,300,000/=; bank overdraft, 150,000/=; cash in bank 120,000/=;account receivable, 25,000/=; farm machinery valued at 500,000/=; internet payable, 12,000/=; cash at hand, 50,000/=; 12heifers, valued at 90,000/=; each: land valued at 600,000/=; farm buildings valued at 800,000/=; cops in store worth 35,000/=; vet services to be paid for 75,000/=; taxes due 160,000/=.

b) Of what use is the balance sheet to Mr. Kato's business?

8.     a) What is meant by land tenure?

b) Discuss the problems associated with the communal land tenure system.

c) Name any three other forms of land tenure in Uganda.

 

SECTION II

CROP PRODUCTION

9.     a) Outline the factors you would consider when selecting seeds for planting.

b) Describe an experiment you would carry out to determine the germination percentage of a seed lot.

10. a) Name six common pasture grass species.

b) How can a natural pasture be improved?

c) State the advantages and disadvantages of zero grazing.

11. a) Explain how the following management practices contribute to good crop yields

(i)    Proper seed bed preparation.

(ii)  Timely planting of crops.

(iii)Disease and pest management.

b) What is the importance of crop storage?

 

SECTION III

ANIMAL PRODUCTION

12. a) State the characteristics of a good calf house.

b) (i)Describe how you would train a calf to drink milk from a bucket.

(ii) Of what advantage is it to farmer to train a calf to drink milk from a bucket?

c) State two disadvantages of bucket feeding in calf rearing.

13. a) Mention and explain the factors you would consider when selecting an animal for breeding purposes.

b) Outline the problems that a farmer may while keeping exotic cattle breeds.

14. a) Describe the life cycle of a two-host tick.

b) Give the reasons why ticks are a problem to livestock farmers.

 

PAPER 2

PRACTICAL

1.     a) Study and identify specimen U1, U2, U3 and U4 displayed.

U1 ........................................................................................................................

U2 ........................................................................................................................

U3 .......................................................................................................................

U4 ........................................................................................................................

b) What effects do these specimens have on agricultural production?

(i) ....................................................................................................................

(ii) ...................................................................................................................

(iii) .......................................................................................................

(iv) ........................................................................................................

c) Give two effective methods you would recommend to control specimen U1 on the farm.

(i) .........................................................................................................

(ii) ........................................................................................................

2.     a) (i)Observe specimens P and Q carefully and identify.

P .......................................................................................................................

Q ......................................................................................................................

(ii) What structural feature do specimens P and Q have in common?

(iii)For each specimen, name on crop it attacks.

P ......................................................................................................

Q .....................................................................................................

iv)  For each specimen name a pesticide that can be used to control it.

b) (i) Observe specimen R and identify the disease which has attached it.

(ii) Give the name of the casual organism of this disease.

(iii) How is this disease controlled?

3.     a) Specimens C, D, E, F, G and H are common tools used in feeling on the farm. Identify each and state its use in fencing operation.

specimen

Identity Use in fencing operation

C


D


E


F


G


H


.............


............


............


............


............


.............


............................................

............................................

............................................

............................................

............................................

............................................

............................................

............................................

............................................

............................................

............................................

...........................................

 

b) How is specimen H suitable to its functions?

4.     Specimens I, J, K and L are parts of an internal combustion engine.

a)     Identify the specimens.

I ................................................................................................................

J ................................................................................................................

K ...............................................................................................................

L ...............................................................................................................

b)    (i) What fuel would an engine with these parts use?

(ii) Give a reason for your answer to (b)(i) above.

c)     How would you care for L in order for it to function well?

5.     a) Using a hand lens if necessary, observe and identify specimen M.

Identity ..............................................................................................................

b) In the space below draw a labelled diagram of specimen M.

c) What damage does specimen M cause to livestock?

d) Give three measure recommended to control specimen M.

6.     a) Specimen W, X, Y and Z are pasture grasses and legumes,  identify each of them

W ........................................................................................................................

X ..........................................................................................................................

Y ........................................................................................................................

Z .........................................................................................................................

b) State two reasons for sowing the above specimen as mixtures when establishing a pasture.

(i)    ..................................................................................................................

(ii)   ..................................................................................................................

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tuesday, 27 March 2012 11:32

AGRICULTURE Paper 1&2 1995

Written by B.K.Sharon
PAPER 1

THEORY

PART A

Answer all the questions in this part, for question 1 circle the letter corresponding to the best answer. For questions 2 to 5 write all the answers in the space provided. You are advised not to spend more than 30 minutes on this part.

1.       a) The differential lock mechanism in the tractor

A.      enables the tractor to brake efficiency

B.      allows the tractor to turn in narrow space

C.      protects the tractor from being stolen

D.      Connects the driving shaft to the rear wheels.

b) The rural farmers' scheme is an example of a

A.      soft loan

B.      character loan

C.      short term loan

D.      medium term loan

c) Artificial insemination is often less successful with indigenous cattle because

A.      indigenous cows have short oestrus cycles

B.      indigenous cows show irregular oestrus cycles

C.      there are very few artificial inseminators in villages

D.      Heat signs are difficult to detect in indigenous cows.

d) Which one of the following is a sign of stomach worm infestation in calves?

A.      Rough skin coat

B.      Increased appetite

C.      Swollen lymph nodes

D.      Constipation

2.       a) State the importance of soil aeration.

b) The table below shows the results of an experiment carried out to determine the percentage of air in three types of soil. Study it and answer the questions that follow.

Type of soil                         %air bv volume

X                                                 46

Y                                                 25

Z                                                 10

i)    which of these types X, Y, Z would

Drain best,

....................................................................................................................................................

Be most suitable for crop answer in (i) above?

.....................................................................................................................................................

ii)    Give reasons for your answer in (i) above.

iii)    Suggest the identities of soil types:

X ...................................................................................................................................................

Y ..................................................................................................................................................

Z .................................................................................................................................................

3.       a) State the difference between concrete and motor used in construction work on a farm.

b) Give five advantages of using wood as a consumption work on a farm.

i) .......................................................................................................................................................

ii)       ......................................................................................................................................................

iii)     .......................................................................................................................................................

iv)     ......................................................................................................................................................

4.       a) List three kinds of damage that may occur on a hide or skin during the killing and flaying of an animal.

i)        .....................................................................................................................................................

ii)       .....................................................................................................................................................

iii)     ......................................................................................................................................................

b) Mention three operations which should be carried out on a hide or skin after flaying to ensure high quality of the hide or skin.

i)        ............................................................................................................................................

ii)       ............................................................................................................................................

iii)     ............................................................................................................................................

iv)     ...........................................................................................................................................

5.       Figure 1 below shows an ox - plough. Study the diagram and answer the questions that follow.

 

IMAGE

 

a)      Name the parts labelled (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) and state their functions:

Part                                                       function

i) .......................................................................................................................................................

ii) ......................................................................................................................................................

iii) ......................................................................................................................................................

iv) ......................................................................................................................................................

b)      Indicate with dotted lines on the diagram the position of the frog. State the function of the frog.

c)       Give two reasons why the use of this implement is not widespread.

i) ......................................................................................................................................................

ii) ......................................................................................................................................................

PART B

Answer four questions including at least one from each section.

Write all your answers in the answer booklet provided.

SECTION I

MECHANISATION AND FARM MANAGEMENT

6.       a) Explain why most farm tractor engines are of the diesel type.

b) Describe how you would prepare a tractor for the day's field work.

7.       a) Giving examples in each case identify the uncertainties farmers face in production and marketing of their produce.

b) Explain the measures you would advise a tamer to take to guard against risks and uncertainties.

8.       a) Describe how population increase can affect agricultural production.

b) What other problems are associated with population increase?

 

SECTION II

CROP PRODUCTION

9.       a) What is soil sampling?

b) Why is it necessary for a farmer to carry out soil sampling on his/her farm?

c) Describe the procedure of obtaining a soil sample from a field.

10.   Discuss the factors you would consider when choosing a crop to grow in an area.

11.   Describe how you would raise a crop of maize from seedbed preparation to when the plants are at knee-height.

 

SECTION III

ANIMAL PRODUCTION

12.   a) State the characteristics of a good quality egg.

b) Describe the management practices that a poultry farmer should carry out to produces good quality eggs.

13.    a) name four livestock diseases, in each case, caused by

i)        Bacteria

ii)       Protozoa

iii)     Viruses

b) Outline the various ways in which livestock diseases cause economic losses to a farmer.

14.   a) State the precautions a farmer should take before introducing Friesian diary cows on the farm.

b) Suggest the qualities that a good stockman should have.

 

PAPER 2

PRACTICAL

1.       You are provided with specimen O, which is a plant part that has been attached by a pest. Observe it carefully and answer the following questions:

a)      Identity specimen O.

b)      Describe the damage done to the specimen as you have observed.

c)       What is the economic importance of the damage caused by the pest?

d)      Suggest a pest that could have caused the damage you have observed on the specimen.

e)      State two methods of control for the pest suggested in (d) above.

f)       Examine specimen P, Q and R which are diseased portions of crop plants. Fill in the table below.

Specimen Name of disease Observable signs Means of spread One control method
P
Q
R

 

2.       You are provided with specimens S and T which are soil samples. Carry out the following experiments on the specimens and answer the questions that follow.

a)      Take a small sample sample of each specimen at a time moistens with a bit of water and rub between your thumb and first finger. Record your observation.

b)      (i) Weigh out 40g of each sample and place in separate funnels continuing filter pare. (Set up your experiment as shown in the diagram below.

 

IMAGE

 

To each sample add 50cm3 of water at the same time. Leave the experiment to stand for 15 minutes, then measure and record the volume of water collected in each case, in the table below.
Soil sample Weight of soil (g) Amount of water (cm3) Amount of water collected after 15 min
S 40 50
T 40 50

ii) What soil properties are being investigated?

iii) Suggest the identity of each of the soil samples.

S ......................................................................................................................................................

T .....................................................................................................................................................

c)       (i) Which of the soil samples would be easy to work?

(ii) Give reasons for your answer in (c)(i) above.

3.       a) Observe and identify specimen U

Identity ................................................................................................................................................

b) What is the function of this specimen in a tractor?

c) Which observed features makes specimen U to perform in function efficient.

d) How would you ensure that specimen U works efficiency?

4.       a) Observe and identify specimens G and H

Specimen G .......................................................................................................................................

Specimen H .......................................................................................................................................

b) State three types of damages each, that specimens G and H cause on farm animals.

Specimen G

...............................................................................................................................................................

Specimen H

................................................................................................................................................................

c) Give two methods of controlling each of the specimens G and H.

Specimen G

..................................................................................................................................................................

Specimen H

..................................................................................................................................................................

5.       You are provided with specimens I, J which are common weeds. Observe them and answer the following questions

a)      Identify each specimen

I .........................................................................................................................................................

J .........................................................................................................................................................

b)      What observable features make these weeds difficult to control.

c)       Suggest, with reasons, two ways by which these weeds could be effectively controlled.

6.       Specimen K is an important animal product.

a)      Name four essential nutrients it supplies in the human diet.

b)      Carry out a simple, suitable experiment on a sample of specimen K to determine its suitability for human consumption. Record the experiment, your observations and conclusion below:

Experiment: ............................................................................................................................

Observation: ...........................................................................................................................

Conclusion: .............................................................................................................................

c)       State the precautions you would take on the farm to ensure the production of good quality specimen K.

Friday, 23 March 2012 14:00

AGRICULTURE Paper 1&2 1996

Written by B.K.Sharon

PAPER 1

THEORY

PART A

Answer all the questions in this part. For question 1 circle the letter corresponding to the best answer. For questions 2 to 5 write all answers in the spaces provided. You are advised not to spend more than 30 minutes on this part.

1.       a) Which one of the following is not a variable input in agricultural production?

A.      Labour

B.      Seeds

C.      Land

D.      Fertilsers

b) In the reproductive system of a hen, then uterus is also referred to as the

A.      Isthmus

B.      Shell gland

C.      Infundibulum

D.      Magnum

c) Which one of the following pairs of plant and livestock diseases are caused by viruses?

A.      Maize streak and foot and mouth disease

B.      Coffee berry disease and rinderpest

C.      Cassava mosaic and foot rot

D.      Tomato blight and anplasmosis

d) Which one of the following statements best describes steaming up?

A.      Feeding dry cows to induce heat

B.      Feeding lactating cows to increase milk production

C.      Feeding in calf cows protein rich ration prior to calving

D.      Fattening steers with protein rich ration prior to selling off.

2.       Giving four factors that favour the growing of root crops in most parts of Uganda.

a)      .....................................................................................................................................

b)      ....................................................................................................................................

c)       ....................................................................................................................................

d)      ....................................................................................................................................

3.       State four desirable characteristics of a plant that make it suitable for use as a green manure plant.

a)      ....................................................................................................................................

b)      ......................................................................................................................................

c)       ........................................................................................................................................

d)      ......................................................................................................................................

4.       a) define the term cannibalism as used in poultry farming

b) List three causes of cannibalism in a poultry house

i.            ..................................................................................................................................

ii.            ..................................................................................................................................

iii.            .................................................................................................................................

5.       Suggest four reasons for carrying out primary tillage.

a)      ........................................................................................................................................

b)      ..........................................................................................................................................

c)       ........................................................................................................................................

d)      .......................................................................................................................................

e)      ......................................................................................................................................

 

PART B

Answer four questions including at least one from each section. Write all your answers in the answer booklets provided.

SECTION I

MECHANISATION AND FARM MANAGEMENT

6.       a) What are the advantages of using wood as a building material?

b) Describe the methods that can be used to treat wood for farm use,

7.       a) Explain how the following climatic factors affect agricultural production:

i)  rainfall distribution

ii)  rainfall reliability

iii)  temperature

b) With the aid of illustration, describe the wayer cycle.

8.       a) State the causes of over heating on a water cooled tractor engine.

b) How would you ensure that the cooling system in the tractor works efficiently?

c) Give the advantages of using water as a coolant.

 

SECTION II

CROP PRODUCTION

9.       a) Outline the benefits of using proper spacing in crop production.

b) Give the advantages and disadvantages of intercropping.

10.   a) Describe the methods of applying solid fertilizers to the soil.

b) Discuss the factors affecting response by crops to fertilizers.

11.   a) What are the advantages of using herbicides to control weeds?

b) Outline the precautions that should be taken when applying herbicides in the field.

 

SECTION III

ANIMAL PRODUCTION

12.   a) What is meant by the term "standing heat"?

b) Describe the signs of heat in a cow.

c) Why is early detection of heat important?

13.   a) Describe the effects of parasites on farm animals.

b) Outline measures that can be taken to control parasites in farm animals.

14.   a) Explain the following terms:

i)  stocking rate

ii)  night pad docking

iii) rotational grazing

iv)  communal grazing

b) i) What problems are associated with communal grazing?

ii) How can the problems mentioned in (c)(i) be solved?

 

PAPER 2

PRACTICAL

Each candidate should be provided with the following.

A piece of each of the following of about 5cm square:

Omasum labelled A

Reticulum labelled B

Rumen labelled C

Guinea grass labelled H

Rhodes grass labelled I

Elephants grass labelled J

Glycine labelled K

Stylo labelled L

Desmodium labelled M

A knapsack sprayer labelled N

Single superphosphate labelled G1

Compost manure labelled G2

50g clay soils labelled X

50g sandy soil labelled Y

A small strip of d.p.c labelled P

A plumb bob labelled Q

Spirit level labelled R

A try square labelled S

2 boiling tubes

50cm3 water

 

1.       a) From which group of farm animals were the specimens taken?

b) Observe each specimen and describe it.

A. ......................................................................................................................

B. .....................................................................................................................

C. .....................................................................................................................

c) From which parts of the digestive system has each specimen been taken?

A. ...............................................................................................................

B. ...................................................................................................................

C. ...................................................................................................................

d)State one function of each of the parts you have named in (b) above.

A. .......................................................................................................................

B. .......................................................................................................................

C. ........................................................................................................................

2.       a) Identify specimens H, I, J, K, L, M which are common pasture plants.

Specimen                              identity

H                      ..................................................................................................................

I                       ....................................................................................................................

J                       ...................................................................................................................

K                      ...................................................................................................................

L                      ....................................................................................................................

M                    ...................................................................................................................

b) H and L are commonly grown together in a pasture. Give the advantages of this practice.

3.       Specimen N is knapsack sprayer.

a)      Name the parts labelled 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.

1. ............................................................................................................................

2. ..........................................................................................................................

3. ..............................................................................................................................

4. ..............................................................................................................................

5. .............................................................................................................................

b)      State the functions of each of the parts you have named in (a) above.

1. ..............................................................................................................................

2. ..............................................................................................................................

3. ..............................................................................................................................

4. ..............................................................................................................................

5. ..............................................................................................................................

c)       How would you maintain the knapsack sprayer in good working condition?

4.       a) Observe specimens G1 and G2 and identify them.

i) G1 ..................................................................................................................

ii) G2 ...................................................................................................................

b) Give three advantages and three disadvantages of using each of the specimen in crop production.

Advantages

G1 ......................................................................................................................................

G2 ......................................................................................................................................

Disadvantages:

G1 .......................................................................................................................................

G2 .......................................................................................................................................

5.       Fill a boiling tube up to ¾ of its length with soil sample X. Fill a second boiling tube to the same level with soil sample Y. tap each tube gently on the bench to settle the soil samples in them. Stand the boiling tubes in a test tube rack and gently add 15cm3 of water in each tube allow standing for 2 minutes.

a)      (i) Measure the length of the wetted and dry portions of soil in each tube and record in the table below.

Sample Length of wet portion(cm) Length of dry portion (cm)
X
Y

ii) Calculate percentage of the soil column (length) in each tube which is wetted.

b)      Explain the difference in the percentage in (a)(ii) for the two samples.

c)       What soil property is being investigated in this experiment?

d)      What is the importance of this property in crop production?

6.       a) (i) Identify specimen Z

(ii) What name is given to the mixture of specimen Z, sand in the ratio of 1:4 and water?

(iii) Name any three uses of the mixture named in a (ii) above.

b) Identify the following specimens and give their uses in farm building construction.

Specimen                     identity                             use in farm building construction

P                       .......................................          ............................................................................

Q                      .......................................           ............................................................................

R                      .......................................            ...........................................................................

S                      ........................................           .........................................................................

 

 

Friday, 23 March 2012 10:33

AGRICULTURE Paper 1&2 1997

Written by B.K.Sharon

PAPER 1

THEORY

PART A

Answer all the questions in this part. For question 1 circle the letter corresponding to the best answer. For question 2 to 5 write all answers in the spaces provided.

1.       a) Which one of the following is described as uncertainity in farming?

A.      Technological changes in production

B.      Accident to employees

C.      Pest and disease outbreak

D.      Theft of products

b) A poultry bird showed the following the signs: yellowish green diarrhea, paralysis and thick yellow mucus discharge from the mouth. The disease it is suffering from is most likely to be

A.      Fowl pox

B.      Coccidiosis

C.      New castle

D.      Salmonella caused

c) In a tractor engine, a dip stick

A.      Incidents the level of oil in the sump

B.      Indicates the level of fuel in the  tank

C.      Operates the p.t.o.

D.      May be used to play grease to engine parts.

d) Which one of the following factors is critical in chemical weed control?

A.      Type of crop

B.      Type of weed

C.      Stage of weed growth

D.      Stage of crop growth

2.       Give four reasons why it is advisable to plant crops in rows.

3.       State two functions of each of the following parts of a tractor.

a)      Fuel injector pump

b)      The hydraulic system

4.       a) Explain what is meant by gross margin in farm accounting.

b) Suggest four ways which a farmer can increase his profit margin.

5.       a) Give two major reasons for debeaking poultry birds.

b) Suggest four reasons why a poultry farmer may prefer the deep litter system of management.

 

PART B

Answer four questions including at least one from each section. Write all your answers in the answer booklets provided.

SECTION I

MECHANISATION AND FARM MANAGEMENT

6.       a) Outline the similarities and differences in the working of diesel and petrol engines.

b) What care should a farmer give to a tractor battery?

7.       a) State the importance of farm structures in production.

b) Outline the quantities of a  good calf house.

8.       a) Explain the meaning of the term market as used in agriculture.

b) Discuss the problems that affect the marketing of agricultural products.

 

SECTION II

CROP PRODUCTION

9.       Describe in detail, the raising of tomato seedlings from nursery bed preparation to transplanting.

10.   a) Outline the characteristics that make weeds more successful than crop plants in the field.

b) Describe the common methods of weed control.

11.   a) With the aid of a flow diagram, describe the nitrogen cycle.

b) What observable signs on crop plants indicate a deficiency of nitrogen in the soil?

 

SECTION III

ANIMAL PRODUCTION

12.   a) Describe how you would prepare to receive day old chicks for rearing.

b) How would you manage the day old chicks from the day of arrival till they are four weeks old?

13.   Outline and explain the steps you would take to produce clean and safe milk from a dairy herd.

14.   a) Explain the following practices used in livestock improvement.

i) Selection

ii) Cross breeding

iii) Inbreeding

b) Outline the advantages and limitations of artificial insemination.

 

PAPER 2

PRACTICAL

Each candidate should be provided with the following

A sample of SSP fertilizer labelled E

A sample of NPK fertilizer labelled F

A liver fluke labelled G

A cattle tick labelled H

A halter labelled I

A drenching gun labelled J

A syringe and needle labelled K

A strip cup labelled L

A milk strainer labelled M

A piece of timber 50 mm × 75 mm and about 300 mm long labelled P

A metal rod or square section of about the same length and cross section as specimen P labelled Q

An unbarked dry brick 100 mm × 150 mm and 75 mm thick labelled R

A piston with rings and connecting rod labelled S

Elephant grass labelled T

Rhodes grass labelled U

Guinea grass labelled V

Glycine/ style/ desmodium labelled W (please indicate which was supplied)

 

1.       Specimen P,Q and R are used in construction work on a farm

a)      Give two farm structures in which specimen P and Q are used.

P .................................................................................................................................

Q ................................................................................................................................

b)      State four advantages specimen P has over Q in farm construction work.

c)       Suggest one way by which each of specimens P, Q and R can be made to last longer.

P ................................................................................................................................

Q ................................................................................................................................

R .................................................................................................................................

d)      A farmer wishes to construct a calf barn using specimen R for its walls. The barn is to measure 2m wide, 4m long and the walls 1.5m high. An entrance 0.6m wide will be left.

Advice the farmer on the approximate quantity of R he will need. (Show your working. Ignore the foundation requirements).

2.       You are provided with specimen S.

a)      Examine and identify the specimen.

b)      Where in the tractor engine is specimen S found?

c)       In the space below draw a labelled diagram of specimen S.

d)      (i) State two functions specimen S performs in the engine.

(ii) How do the parts labelled in (c) help the specimen to carry out its functions efficiently?

3.       a) Identify specimen T, U, V and W which are common pasture plants.

T ............................................................................................................................................

U ...........................................................................................................................................

V ...........................................................................................................................................

W .........................................................................................................................................

b) Suggest two of the specimens which may be sown together as a mixed pasture.

c) Give the advantages of sowing together the specimens suggested in (b).

d) In what form is specimen T best preserved?

4.       You are provided with specimens E and F which are fertilizers.

a)      Observe and identify each specimen.

E .....................................................................................................................................

F .....................................................................................................................................

b)      What nutrient elements does each specimen supply to crops?

E ....................................................................................................................................

F ....................................................................................................................................

c)       (i) At what stage of growth of a maize crop should each specimen be applied?

E .......................................................................................................................................

F .......................................................................................................................................

(ii) Give a reason in each case for your answer in (c) (i).

E ....................................................................................................................................

F ....................................................................................................................................

5.       Specimen G and H provided are common livestock paratites.

a)      Identify each specimen.

G .................................................................................................................................

H ................................................................................................................................

b)      How do the two specimens differ in the way they attack their hosts?

c)       State the effects of specimens G and H on their hosts.

G ...............................................................................................................................

H ...............................................................................................................................

d)      Suggest three measures that can be taken to control specimen H.

6.       Observe specimens I, J,K,L and M provided and fill in the table below.

Specimen Identity Use on the farm
I
J
K
L
M

 


 

 

 

Friday, 23 March 2012 07:11

AGRICULTURE Paper 1&2 1998

Written by B.K.Sharon

PAPER 1

THEORY

PART A

Answer all the questions in this part. for 1 circle the letter corresponding to the best answer. For 2 to 5 write all answers in the spaces provided. You are advised not to spend more than 30 minutes on this part.

1.       a) The soil which has more hydrogen ions than hydroxyl ions is

A.      neutral

B.      alkaline

C.      acidic

D.      rich in humus

b) A dip stick is used to determine the

A.      concentration of acaricide in a dip tank

B.      oil level in the sump

C.      level of electrolyte

D.      amount of fuel in the tank

c) Digestion of protein in a ruminant begins in the

A.      rumen

B.      duodenum

C.      small intestine

D.      abomasums

d) Which one of the following is a notifiable disease?

A.      Foot and mouth disease

B.      Bloat

C.      Calf pneumonia

D.      Brucellosis

2.       a) Suggest factors you would consider when deciding on the location of a farm building.

b) Give four reasons for the importance of a farm storage structure.

3.       a) State the difference between risks and uncertainties.

b) Give four examples of uncertainties a farmer may face during production.

c) Suggest two measures a farmer may take to guard against uncertainties.

4.       Give five factors that influence the choice of pasture species to be planted.

5.       Suggest four conditions that favour ox - plough cultivation.

 

PART B

Answer four questions including at least one from each section, write all your answers in the answer booklet provided.

SECTION I

MECHANISATION AND FARM MANAGEMENT

6.       a) With the help of a diagram describe how the qil - bath type air cleaner function.

b) How would you maintain the oil bath type air cleaner.

7.       a) What is a balance sheet?

b) How does a balance sheet differ from a profit and loss account?

c) Using information below prepare a balance sheet for oryem's mixed farm as at 31 Dec. 1997

Value of implements                      850,000

Feeds in the store                             150,000

Bank overdraft                                 400,000

Value of crops                                   245,000

Cash in the bank                               450,000

Depreciation                                        85,000

Debt payable                                     110,000

Livestock                                             462,000

Prepaid expenses                                50,000

Debt receivable                                 190,000

d) State the advantages of preparing a balance sheet.

8.       a) Explain the factors that bring about fluctuation in the prices of agricultural products.

b) Describe the measures that could be taken to reduce the effects of fluctuation in the prices of agricultural products.

 

SECTION II

CROP PRODUCTION

9.       a) Outline the basic climatic and soil requirements for growing Arabic coffee.'

b) Outline the advantages of propagating coffee by vegetative means.

c) State the benefits of pruning coffee.

10.   a) State the benefits of good drainage.

b) Describe an experiment you would perform to compare the rates of drainage in two soil samples.

11.   a) State the characteristics that a good cover crop should have.

b) (i) What factors should be considered when planning a crop rotation?

(ii) Given the following: maize, cassava, groundnuts and three plots, design a three year crop rotation

 

SECTION III

ANIMAL PRODUCTION

12.   a) Draw and label a cross section of cattle dip.

b) State the precautions that should be taken before taking animals to dip.

c) What factors may reduce the effectiveness of dipping animals.

13.   a) Describe the abnormalities that may occur in eggs during their formation.

b) State and explain the measures that a farmer could take in order to produce quality eggs.

14.   a) What factors affect milk composition?

b) Suggest ways by which high quality milk be maintained in a farm.

 

 

PAPER 2

Each candidate should be provided with the following:

Snail labelled A

Seeds of panicum maximum (guinea grass) labelled B1

Hyperthermia spp seeds (jaragua or thardy grass) labelled B2

Seeds of bruccharia sigrial grass labelled B3

Branding iron labelled C1

Elastrator labelled C2

Clinical thermometer C3

Nose ring C4

Standard post 15 cm diameter and treated labelled D1

Dropper 5cm - 8cm diameter and treated labelled D2

U nails labelled D3

Cotton Steiner/ antestia bug labelled F

Termite labelled G

Bean bruchid labelled H

Beef/ meat labelled E

 

 

1.       a) You have been provided with specimen A. observe the specimen and identify it.

Identify of specimen A.....................................................................................................

b) Which livestock parasite is associated with specimen A?

c) In which organ of the host animal is the parasite named in (b) above found?

d) What are the observable signs of infestation by this parasite on the host?

e) Outline the measure than can be taken to control the parasite named in (b) above.

2. a) Specimen B1, B2 and B3 are seeds of pasture grass. Name the grasses from which these seeds were obtained.

B1 .............................................................................................................................................

B2 ............................................................................................................................................

B3 ..............................................................................................................................................

b) What procedure would you follow to establish a pasture from specimens B1, B2 and B3?

c) Give two ways by which the quality of pastures established from the specimens can be improved.

3. a) you are provided with specimens C1, C2 , C3 and C4. observe the specimens and identify them.

C1.......................................................................................................................................

C2.......................................................................................................................................

C3.......................................................................................................................................

C4......................................................................................................................................

b) State the use of each of the specimens.

C1.......................................................................................................................................

C2........................................................................................................................................

C3.......................................................................................................................................

C4......................................................................................................................................

c) On the diagram below, mark with an X three positions suitable for the use of C1.

 

 

IMAGE

 

d) Why should C2 be used only on the parts marked in (c) above?

e) How is specimen C3 used on the animal?

4. Specimen D1, D2 and D3 are components of a farm structure.

a) Give the identity of the specimens.

D1...................................................................................................................................

D2....................................................................................................................................

D3....................................................................................................................................

b) Name the farm structure in which they are used.

c) State four of the farm structure named in (b) above.

d) Suggest a suitable spacing of D2 in the structure named in (b) above.

e) State the purpose for which specimen D3 is used in the structure named in (b) above.

f) State two ways of ensuring the durability of the farm structure mentioned in (b)

5. You are provided with specimens F, G, H and I which are crop pests.

a) Identify the pests

F ....................................................................................................................................

G ...................................................................................................................................

H ...................................................................................................................................

I ....................................................................................................................................

b) What damage does each pest cause on the crop it attacks?

F ...................................................................................................................................

G ..................................................................................................................................

H ...................................................................................................................................

I ......................................................................................................................................

c) For each pest give one measure a farmer can take to control it.

F ......................................................................................................................................

G .....................................................................................................................................

H ......................................................................................................................................

I ........................................................................................................................................

6. a) List the nutrients provided by specimen E.

b) State the factors that can make specimen E unsuitable for human consumption.

c)  Name three by products of specimen E and state one use of each.

Thursday, 22 March 2012 09:27

AGRICULTURE Paper 1&2 1999

Written by B.K.Sharon

PAPER 1

THEORY

PART A

Answer all the questions in this part. For question 1 circle the letter corresponding to the best answer. For questions 2 to 5 write all answers in the spaces provided. You are advised not to spend more than 30 minutes on this part.

1.       a) Brown sunken and water soaked sports on bean pods and stems are a sign of the disease called.

A.      Bean rust

B.      Bacterial blight

C.      Bean anthracnose

D.      Bean mosaic

b) The demand for agricultural products is said to be inelastic because a

A.      Slight increase in price produces a big drop in demand

B.      Large increase in price produces a slight decrease in demand

C.      Slight increase in price produces a slight increase in demand

D.      Large increase in price produces a large increase in demand.

c) Which one of the following cattle diseases is treated using a tracer and cannula?

A.      Mastitis

B.      Calf scours

C.      Bloat

D.      Calf pneumonia

d) It is not advisable to apply a nitrogen fertilizer to a mixed grass legume pasture because

A.      Nitrogen suppresses the uptake of phosphorous by grass

B.      The legume fixes enough nitrogen for the pasture

C.      Grass may over grow  and suppress the legume

D.      Nitrogen may reach toxic levels for the legumes

2.       a) Give four advantages of early planting in crop production.

b) Give four considerations to make in order to ensure hich quality of produce during harvesting.

3. a) State three conditions under which you would prefer to use a disc plough instead of a mould broad plough.

b) Give three disadvantages of using a disc plough.

4. a) Give four ways in which nitrogen may be lost from the soil.

b) State four symptoms of nitrogen deficiency in plants.

5. a) State four signs of good health in cattle.

b) Give four effects of diseases on farm animals.

 

PART B

Answer four questions including at least one from each section. Write all your answers in the booklet provided.

SECTION I

MECHANISATION AND FARM MANAGEMENT

6. a) Using examples, explain the importance of a farm structures.

b) Outline advantages and disadvantages of using wood as a material for making farm structures.

7. a) Give the meaning of the following:

i.) average product

ii.) marginal product

iii.) production function

b) Outline the factors that may affect the demand for agricultural products.

8. a) Describe two farming practices which demonstrate diversification in agricultural production.

b) Outline the advantages of diversification in farming.

 

SECTION II

CROP PRODUCTION

9. Outline the steps to be followed in raising tomato seedlings from nursery bed preparation until the seedlings are transplanted.

10. a) How can disease spread in a crop?

b) Describe the methods that can be used to control crop diseases.

11. a) Describe the factors that should be taken into account when deciding spacing for a given crop or variety.

b) Outline the advantages and disadvantages of broadcasting as a method of planting.

 

SECTION III

ANIMAL PRODUCTION

12. a) Describe the factors that affect the distribution of livestock in Uganda.

b) What is the role of cattle in the livelihood of a Uganda farmer?

13. a) What problems do ticks cause on farm animals?

b) Describe the life cycle of a host tick.

14. a) Describe the process of egg formation in a hen.

b) Outline the conditions necessary for the proper hatching of eggs.

 

PAPER 2

PRACTICAL

Each candidate should be provided with the following:

Silage labelled P

Hay labelled Q

Diary meal labelled R

Fresh grass (panicium maximum leaves) labelled S

Tomato plant affected by late blight labelled H

Bean seeds attacked by bean bruchids labelled I

Top soil labelled A

Sub soil labelled B

(Both soils should be damp, in a state that can be molded.)

Cross cut saw labelled J1

Jack plane labelled J2

Marking gauge labelled J3

Bastard file labelled J4

Rasp file labelled J5

Hacksaw labelled J6

Claw hammer labelled J7

Mallet labelled J8

Wood chisel labelled J9

Try square labelled J10

 

A reproductive system of a hen labelled G, with some of its parts labelled as:

Infundibulum (funnel) labelled G1

Magnum labelled G2

Isthmus labelled G3

Uterus labelled G4

Cloacae labelled G5

 

1.       Specimens P, Q, R and S are common livestock feeds.

a)      Observe and identity each specimen:

P ..................................................................................................................

Q .................................................................................................................

R ..................................................................................................................

S ...................................................................................................................

b)      Comment on the value of each specimen as a livestock feed.

P ..................................................................................................................

Q ..................................................................................................................

R ..................................................................................................................

S .................................................................................................................

c)       Carefully examine specimen R and suggest the ingredients that may have been used for making it.

2.       Specimen H is a crop plant attacked by a disease, while specimen I is a stored crop produce affected by a pest.

a)      (i) Describe the observable signs of the disease on specimen H

(ii) Name the disease and the organism that has caused it

Disease: .......................................................................................................

Causal organism: ........................................................................................

(iii) How is the disease named in (a)(ii) above spread from one plant  to another?

(iv) State one method of controlling the disease named in (a)(ii) above.

b)      (i) Describe the damage observed on specimen I.

(ii) Name the pest that has caused the damage observed on the specimen.

(iii) Suggest two ways of controlling the pest named in (b) (ii) above.

3.       You are provided with specimens A and B.

a)      Examine the specimens and state three differences between them

Specimen A Specimen B

i)......................

ii).....................

iii)....................

..........................

...........................

..........................

Give the identity of each specimen.

Specimen A: ..................................................................................................................

Specimen B: ..................................................................................................................

c)       Using one specimen at a time, moisten a little amount of each of the specimens in your palm and try to mould it into a ring. Record your observations on each specimen.

Specimen A:

.........................................................................................................................................................

Specimen B:

.........................................................................................................................................................

d)      From your observation in (c) above, what conclusions can you draw about the composition of the two specimens?

Specimen A:

..................................................................................................................................................................

Specimen B:

...................................................................................................................................................................

e)      Which of the two specimens is better suited for crop growth?

4.       You provided with specimens J1 to J10 which are workshop tools.

a)      Identify each specimen.

J1...........................................................  J6 ............................................................

J2 ..........................................................  J7 .............................................................

J3 ..........................................................  J8 ............................................................

J4 ..........................................................  J9 ............................................................

J5 ..........................................................  J10 ...........................................................

b)      From among the specimens you have identified in (a) above, select five appropriate ones and describe how you would use them in the construction of a simple feed trough for poultry.

5.       You are provided with specimen G.

a)      Name the parts labelled G1, G2, G3, G4 and G5 on the specimen.

G1 .........................................................................................................................

G2 ..........................................................................................................................

G3 .......................................................................................................................

G4 .....................................................................................................................

G5 .....................................................................................................................

b)      Give one function of each of the parts you have named in (a) above.

G1 .....................................................................................................................................

G2 ....................................................................................................................................

G3 ..................................................................................................................................

G4 ................................................................................................................................

G5..................................................................................................................................

 

 

 

 

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