PAPER 1

SECTION A: EAST AFRICA
  1. (a) Describe the organisation of the Indian ocean trade between AD 1000 and 1500.
    (b) What were the effects of this trade to the people of east Africa?
  2. (a) Why did the Luo migrate from the Bahr-el-Ghazal about 1400?
    (b) Describe their migration and settlement in East Africa up to 1800.

  3. Describe the organisation of the following societies before 1850.
    (a) Nyamwezi,
    (b) Maasai.
  4. (a) Why did the Portuguese come to the East African Coast?
    (b) What were the obstacles faced by the Portuguese in East Africa?

  5. (a) Describe the Ngoni migration and settlement in Tanganyika during the mid 19th century.
    (b)What were the effects of their migration and settlement to the people of this region?
  6. Explain the contribution of the following Chartered Companies to the establishment of colonial rule in east Africa.
    (a) The Imperial British East African(IBEA)Company.
    (b) The Germany East Africa(GEA) Company

  7. (a) What were the problems faced by Christian missionaries in East Africa?
    (b) How did their activities affect the people of East Africa?

  8. (a) What were the causes of the 1895-1905 Nandi resistance against the British?
    (b) Why did it take long for the british to defeat the Nandi?
  9. (a) Explain the causes of the Anglo-German rivalry in east Africa.
    (b) What were the steps taken to end this rivalry?

  10. (a) Why was East Africa involved in the World War 2?
    (b) What were the effects of this war on East Africa?
  11. (a) Describe the role played by White settlers in the economic development of Kenya.
    (b) how did the activities of the settlers affect the people of Kenya?

  12. (a) Explain the causes of the 1953 kabaka crisis.
    (b) What were the effects of the crisis on the people of uganda?
PAPER 2

SECTION B: WEST AFRICA
  1. (a) Explain the factors that led to the growth of the Trans-Saharan trade up to AD 1500.
    (b) What were the results of this trade to the people of Western Sudan?
  2. (a) What factors led to the 2nd Kanem-Bornu Empire?
    (b) Why did it decline towards the end of the 18th Century?

  3. (a) Describe the origins of the Dahomey Kingdom.
    (b) How was it organised during the 17th Century?
  4. (a) Describe the steps that were taken abolish the Trans-African trade.
    (b) How did the abolition of this trade affect the people of West Africa?

  5. (a) Explain the contribution of the Creoles to the history of West Africa.
    (b) What problems did the Creoles face during the second half of the 19th Century?
  6. Explain the importance of following in the spread of Islam in West Africa.
    (a) Uthman dan Fodio,
    (b) Mohammad Bello.

  7. (a) Why was Samori Toure able to resist the French for long?
    (b) What factors led to his defeat in 1989?
  8. Explain the role played by the following parties in the struggle for independence in their countries:
    (a) The National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC).
    (b) The Ressemblement Decomcratique African (RDA)
SECTION D: SOUTH AFRICA
  1. (a) Descibe the migration and settlement of the Sotho-Tswana people in South Africa.
    (b) What were the consquences of their migration and settlement?
  2. (a) Explain the causes of the 1861-79 Pedi resistance.
    (b) What were the results of this resistance?

  3. (a) What factors led to the growth of the Swazi nation during the 19th Century?
    (b) How was King Sobhuza able to maintain the independence of the Swazi nation?

  4. (a) Why did christian missionaries come to South Africa during the 19th Century?
    (b) How did their activities affect the people of South Africa?
  5. (a) What were the tems of the Union Act of 1910?
    (b) How did the Union Act affect the people of South Africa?

  6. (a) Explain the causes of the 1906 Bambata rebellion.
    (b) What were the results of this rebellion?
  7. (a) Explain the importance of King Moshesh in the history of Basutoland.
    (b) Why did he request for British protection in 1868?

  8. (a) Describe the activities of the African National Congress(ANC) between 1912 and 1963.
    (b) What problems did it face during this period?