SECTION A

Sub - section (i)

Choose one of the passages 1 to 4, read it carefully, and then answer the questions following it as concisely as possible.

EITHER: 1

JOHN RUGANDA: The Burdens

KAIJA: I can't leave this place. The exams are on a month's time.

NYAKAKE: I won't go anywhere before papa returns.

TINKA: We have to. Don't you see? We all have to do things we don't want to do. Can't you see that? We all are forced to do things we hate doing, sometimes. We have to learn doing things we don't want to do. You are now big children aren't you? We have to go somewhere else. We must leave this place, that's all. When you grow up, you'll understand. And always remember, it was not my fault.

KAIJA: What is wrong with this place?

NYAKAKE: Will papa find us there?

TINKA: People don't live in one place all the time. We're not corpses in the graves. We are people. We must keep moving. Please don't ask questions.

KAIJA: But where is papa?

NYAKAKE: Promise he'll find us there.

TINKA: I told you where he's gone. Please don't pester me. Let's get moving. I have told you all that little boys and girls need to know. He's gone for a burial. A long, long way.... Away from here. We'll find him there.....some day.

NYAKAKE: Why didn't he say goodbye to me?

TINKA: He left early, I have told you that. He couldn't have woken you up. It's much too early for you. That's it.

NYAKAKE: Why didn't he say goodbye to me?

TINKA: He left early, I have told you that. He couldn't have woken you up. It's much too early for you. That's it.

NYAKAKE: Will he be back soon?

TINKA: Yes, yes, he will. Some day we'll find him. please let's get moving. Kaija, now pack all your clothes and beddings.

Questions:

a) Why does Tinka want them to leave the place?

b) Referring to what Tinka had just done, explain what she means by "we are forced to do things we hate doing, sometimes."

c) What does this passage tell us about the feelings Kaija and Nyakake had towards their father?

d) Show how this passage reflects the title of the play, the burdens.

Or : 2. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE: The Taming Of The Shrew

PETRUCHIO: well, comes my Kate, we will unto your father's

Even in these honest mean habiliments.

Our purses shall be proud, our garments poor,

For it is the mind that makes the body rich,

And as the sun breaks through the darkest clouds,

So honor peereth in the meanest habit.

What, is the jay more precious than the lark

Because his feathers are more beautiful?

Or is the adder better than the eel

Because his painted skin contents the eye?

O no, good Kate, neither art thou the worse

For this poor furniture and mean array.

If thou accounts' it shame, lay it on me.

And therefore frolic. We will hence forthwith

To feast and sport us at thy father's house.

(To Grumio) go call my men, and let us straight to him,

And bring our horses unto long - lane end,

There will we mount, and thither walk on foot.

Let's see, I think it is now some seven o'clock,

And well we may come there by dinner time.

KATHERINA: I dare assure you, sir, 'it is almost two,

And it will be supper time ere you come there.

PETRUCHIO: It shall be seven ere I go to horse.

Look what I speak, or do, or, think to do,

You are still crossing it. Sirs, let it alone,

I will not go today, and ere I do,

It shall be what o'clock I say it is.

HOETENSIO: Why, so this gallant will command the sun.

Questions:

a) What has led to the discussion in this passage?

b) What is revealed about Petruchio character in the passage?

c) Show how Petruchio is in the process of taming Katherina at this point in the play.

d) Refer to another moment in the play when Petruchio teaches his wife another virtue in life.

Or: 3. NGUGI WA THIONG'O: The River Between

'I too am concerned with the purity of the tribe. I am also concerned with the growth and development of the ridges. We cannot do this through hatred. We must be united, Christians and non Christians, Makuyu or Kameno. For salvation of the hills lies in our hands.'

'Yet you would not fight the white man,' an elder inter - rupted.

'Our land is gone slowly, taken from us, while we and our young men sit like women, watching,' another elder put in.

'And we and our wives are forced to pay taxes,' still another followed.

'The schools, the schools,' Waiyaki pleaded with passion.

'We must know what the white man knows.'

'We need a leader.'

'A political leader.'

'Education - 'Waiyaki started to say.

'Nothing. We need action now,'kabonyi said triumphantly.

'But you have not yet replied to our worries. This girl

Joshua's daughter - you are marrying her?'

Questions:

a) What is happening at this point in the novel?

b) Briefly describe the feelings Waiyaki and Kabonyi have towards each other on this occasion.

c) "........ Salvation of the hills lies in our hands." Explain the meaning of this statement and show what Waiyaki thinks is the best way to do what is needed.

d) How does Waiyaki finally react during this meeting and how does this reaction affect him later in the novel?

Or 4. ALAN PATON: Cry, the Beloved Country

When he went into the house, he found his wife and the girl, and some other women of the church and his friend who carried the bags, busy making a wreath. They had a cypress branch, for there was a solitary cypress near the hut of his friend, the only cypress that grew in the whole valley of Ndotsheni and how it grew there no man could remember. This branch they had made into a ring, and tied it so that it could not spring apart. Into it they had put the flowers of the veldt, Such as grew in the bareness of the valley.

- I don't like it, Umfundisi. What is wrong with it? It does not look like a white person's wreath.

- They use while flowers, said the teacher. I have often seen that they use white flowers there in Pietermaritzburg.

- Umfundisi, said the friend excitedly, I know where there are white flowers, arum lilies.

- They use arum lilies, said the new teacher, also excited.

- But they are far away. They grow near the railway line, on the far side of Carisbrooke, by a little stream that I know.

- That is far away, said Kumalo.

- I shall go there, said the man. It is not too far to go for such a thing as this. Can you lend me a lantern, Umfundisi?

- Surely, my friend.

- And there must be a white ribbon, said the teacher.

- I have one at my house, said one of the women. I shall go and fetch it.

- And you, Stephen, will you write a card for us/ have you such a card?

- Yes, I can find a card, said Kumalo, and I shall put black edges on it with the ink.

- He went to his room where he did the accounts, and he found such a card and printed on it:

With sympathy from the people of St. Mark's Church Ndotsheni

He was busy with the edges, careful not to spoil the card with the ink, when his wife called him to come to his food.

Questions:

a) (i) What happens just before this passage?

(ii) Who had come into the house?

b) For whom were the women making the wreath? Explain what moved them to do this.

c) What had been the last wish of the dead person?

d) Explain what the husband of the dead woman planned to do in future and why.

Sub - section (ii)

Answer one question on one book.

N.B if answer in sub - section (i) was on a play; now select a novel, but if your answer in sub - section (i) was on a novel must select a play.

JOHN RUGANDA: The Burdens

Either 5. Explain the cause of the problems in Wamala's family.

Or 6. Describe fully the Kanagonago scene in the burdens. How does the scene help you to understand and enjoy the play?

WILLIAM SHAKEPEARE: The Taming Of the Shrew

Either 7. Explain the role of any two of the following in the play, the taming of the shrew.

a) Baptista

b) Lucentio

c) Gremio

d) Hortensio

Or 8. Compare and contrast Shakespeare's Katherina with Petruchio. Why would you say they well matched in their marriage?

NGUGI WA THIONG'O: The River Between

Either 9. 'Tell nyambura, I see Jesus.' Who says this? What circumstances surround this statement?

Or 10. "Kabonyi was a destructive element." Do you agree? Give reasons.

ALAN PATON: Cry, the Beloved Country

Either 11. With evidence from the novel, show how people from the countryside change when they come to Johannesburg.

Or 12. Absalom Kumalo is sentenced to death for the murder of author Jarvis. Do you sympathize with him or not? Give reasons for your answer.

SECTION B

In this section you must answer three questions covering three books.

MEJA MWANGI: Carcase for Hounds.

Either 13. Mwaniki, the old man, was the chief's father in law. Yet corporal Njaro says that he is one person the chief would gladly get rid of. Why?

Or 14. What events in the novel explain the title "carcase for hounds"?

RICHARD WRIGHT: Native Son

Either 15. Do you think max is right when he says that "the side that feels most, the side with the most humanity and the most men will win"?

Or 16. Describe Bigger's behavior throughout the novel. Why does he behave the way he does?

FRANCIS IMBUGA: Betrayal in the City

Either 17. Show the problems in kafira. What solutions would you suggest to these problems?

Or 18. What major lessons do we learn from the relationship between Tumbo, Mulili and boss in the play, Betrayal in the City.

EFUA SUTHERLAND: The Marriage of Anansewa

Either 19. What makes play, The Marriage of Anansewa humorous?

Or 20. How is Ananse's cunningness displayed in the play, The Marriage of Anansewa?

WOLE SOYINKA: The Lion and the Jewel

Either 21. From your knowledge of the play say what Lakunle thinks is womanly and what he thinks is unwomanly. Do you agree with him? Give reasons.

Or 22. Imagine that Lakunle was not in the play, The Lion and the Jewel. What would the audience miss?

Either 23. DAVID RUBADIRI (Ed): Growing Up With Poetry.

Death, be not proud

Read this poem and answer the questions following it.

Death, be not proud. Though some have called thee

Mighty and dreadful, for thou art not so;

For those whom thou think'st thou dost overthrow

Die not, poor death, nor yet canst thou kill me.

From rest and sleep, which but thy pictures be.

Much pleasure - then from thee much more must flow;

And soonest our best men with thee do go,

Rest of their bones and soul's delivery.

Thou art slave to fate, chance, kings and desperate men,

And dost with poison, war and sickness dwell;

And poppy or charms can make us sleep as well.

And better than thy stroke. Why swell's thou then?

One short sleep past, we wake eternally.

And death shall be no more. Death thou shalt die.

John Donne (England)

Questions:

a) According to the poem. Why shouldn't death be proud?

b) Explain the meaning and effect of the following expressions as used in the poem:

(i) "From rest and sleep. Which but they pictures be".

(ii) "Thou art slave to face, chance, kings and desperate men".

(iii) "....why swell's thou then?"

(iv) "......death thou shall die."

c) The poet addresses death directly. What effect does this have on you as a reader?

Or 24. Choose a poem that you have studied on the theme of love and use it to answer the following questions:

a) What does the poem say about love?

b) What are your own feelings towards the main idea in the poem? Write a short letter to a close friend in which you praise love or caution against.