PAPER 1

PART 1

1. The rapid increase in the population of East Africa is mainly due to

A. Early marriages

B. High fertility rate

C. Increased food production

D. Improved sanitation

2. In East Africa, cloves are grown

A. In the rift valley areas

B. In the highlands

C. In the Miombo woodlands

D. Along the coast

3. Which of the following lakes in East Africa was formed by glaciations?

A. L. Nabugabo

B. L.Teleki

C. L. Bunyonyi

D. L. Katwe

4. Iron ore in East Africa is not commercially exploited mainly because of

A. Small ore deposits

B. Low quality ore

C. Inaccessibility of the deposits

D. Unskilled labour

5. Which one of the following is a planted forest in Uganda?

A. Zoka

B. Maramagambo

C. Mafuga

D. Mabira

6. Landslides in Uganda are most common in the

A. Lake Victoria basin

B. Highland areas

C. Nyika plateau

D. Coastal areas

7. The biggest problem facing Tanga Port is

A. Poor hinterland

B. Traffic congestion

C. Shallow harbor

D. Poor roads

8. Gulu is hotter than Fort Portal because of differences in

A. Vegetation cover

B. Altitude

C. Cloud cover

D. Latitude

9. Which of the following is a major tourist attraction at Bwindi Impenetrable National park?

A. Birds

B. Beautiful scenery

C. Forests

D. Gorillas

10. Most rivers in East Africa are difficult to use for transport mainly because of

A. Presence of rapids

B. Existence of water weeds

C. Changes in water volume

D. Deposit of silt

11. Which of the following mountains in East Africa was formed due to faulting?

A. Kipengere

B. Muhavura

C. Usambara

D. Aberdare

12. Northern Kenya has a low population density mainly because of

A. Unreliable rainfall

B. Poor transport network

C. High evaporation rate

D. Limited job opportunities

13. Which of the following factors has mainly hindered the development of large scale manufacturing industries in East Africa?

A. Shortage of skilled man power

B. Limited capital for investment

C. Inadequate supply of raw materials

D. Narrow domestic market

14. The Lee-ward side of Mt. Rwenzori id dry mainly because of

A. Limited forest vegetation

B. High altitude

C. Absence of large water bodies

D. Descending winds

15. The major problem facing the fishing industry in East Africa is

A. Inappropriate fishing methods

B. Limited capital

C. Remoteness of fishing grounds

D. Limited fish species

16. A forestation in the highland areas of East Africa is being carried out to solve the problem of

A. Overgrazing

B. Strong winds

C. Soil erosion

D. Fuel wood shortage

17. Which of the following systems of farming is capital intensive?

A. Plantation agriculture

B. Shifting cultivation

C. Bush fallowing

D. Nomadic pastoralism

18. Which of the following types of fish is abundantly caught in the fresh waters of East Africa?

A. Mud fish

B. Nile perch

C. Cat fish

D. Tilapia

19. The deep hollow found at the head of a glaciated valley is called

A. Arête

B. Cirque

C. Hanging valley

D. Truncated spur

20. Which of the following modes of transport in Uganda has declined in importance?

A. Air

B. Water

C. Railway

D. Road

21. The best method of preserving fish for a long time is

A. Sun drying

B. Smoking

C. Salting

D. Freezing

22. In which of the following industries is water used as a raw material?

A. Breweries

B. Tea processing

C. Leather tanning

D. Textiles

23. Slashing and burning of natural vegetation are characteristics of

A. Mixed farming

B. Nomadic pastoralism

C. Shifting cultivation

D. Plantation farming

24. Which of the following towns in East Africa is important for textile manufacturing

A. Kisumu

B. Kasese

C. Dodoma

D. Songea

25. The mangrove type of vegetation in East Africa is found

A. Around Lake Victoria

B. Along the coast

C. On the Nyika plateau

D. In the highlands

26. Which of the following forms the basis for the tourist industry in East Africa?

A. Beautiful scenery

B. Cultural diversity

C. Warm climate

D. Fauna and flora

27. Masailand is sparsely populated mainly because the area has

A. Poor soils

B. Low rainfall

C. Tsetse flies

D. Poor pastures

28. Which of the following minerals products is imported by East Africa?

A. Asbestos

B. Steel

C. Petroleum

D. Copper ingots

29. An elongated depression bounded by parallel fault scarps is called a

A. Rift valley

B. Gorge

C. Fjord

D. Hanging valley

30. Which of the following is a characteristic of clay soil?

A. Has large particles

B. Is rich in humus

C. Retains much water

D. Is well aerated

31. The lines on a map joining places with equal sunshine duration are known as

A. Isobars

B. Isotherms

C. Isohyets

D. Isohels

32. Which of the following tree species in East Africa provides hardwood?

A. Eucalyptus

B. Mahogany

C. Pine

D. Spruce

33. The most common method of fishing used on L. Kyoga is

A. Gill netting

B. Use of hooks

C. Use of spears

D. Basket method

34. The method used for mining diamonds at Mwadui is

A. Adit

B. Open cast

C. Deep pit

D. Alluvial

35. Doho irrigation scheme is found on River

A. Mpologoma

B. Sironko

C. Manafwa

D. Sezibwa

PART II

MAPWORK, PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION AND EAST AFRICA

Answer three questions from part II, including questions 1 and 2 which are compulsory.

SECTION A

1. COMPULSORY QUESTION: MAPWORK

Answer all parts of this question

Study the Map Extract 1:50,000( UGANDA) CHEPSIKUNYA, series Y732 (DOS426); part of sheet 45/3; edition 4-DOS and answer the questions that follow:

a) State the grid reference of the following features:

(i) Apedet secondary trigonometrically station.

(ii) The bridge along chepsikunya - Nabiswa road.

b) Identify the features found at the following references:

(i) 705742

(ii) 802708

c) (i) Calculate the area of the seasonal swamp found between Eastings and 86 and between Northings 70 and 76.

(ii) State the general direction of flow of River Kiriki or Greek.

d) Draw a cross section of the area along Easting 76 between Northings 73 and 82 and on it, mark and name;

(i) The road

(ii) Settlements

(iii) Conical hill

(iv) Broad valley

(v) Rivers

e) Giving evidence from the map,

(i) Identify ant two means of communication used in the area,

(ii) Describe the relationship between drainage and communication in the area.

2. Study the photograph provided below and answer the questions that follow:

PHOTOGRAPH

a) (i) Name the type of photograph shown above.

(ii) Identify the activity taking place in the middle foreground of the photograph.

b) Describe the factors that have favored the activity identified in (a) above.

c) Giving evidence from the photograph, explain the problems faced by the people carrying out the activity.

d) Giving reasons for your answer, suggest one area in East Africa where the photograph could have been taken.

SECTION B: EAST AFRICA

Answer one only question from this section.

3. Study the table below showing the climate of station X and answer the questions that follow:

Station X: (Altitude 1067 metres)

Month J F M A M J J A S O N D
Temperature (0C) 23 23 22 22 22 20 19 19 22 24 25 24
Rain fall (mm) 203 191 356 627 244 109 33 31 28 05 144 190
a) Draw a suitable graph to show the climate of the station.

b) Calculate the annual:

(i) Rainfall total

(ii) Range of temperature for station x.

c) Describe the characteristics of the climate experienced at station X.

d) Giving reasons for your answer,

(i) State the hemisphere in which the station is located,

(ii) Outline the economic activities that can be carried out around station X

4. a) Draw a sketch map of East Africa and on it, mark and name:

(i) industrial towns; Nairobi, Kasese, Mtwara,

(ii) rivers; Rufiji and Tana,

(iii) Mountains; Rwenzori and Kenya.

b) (i) Name any three types of industries found in any one industrial town marked in (a) (i) above.

(ii)Describe the conditions which have favored the development of industries in the town chosen in (b)(i) above.

c) Outline the benefits resulting from industrial development in East Africa.

d) Name any two other industrial towns in East Africa.

5. For any one field work study carried out around your school,

a) (i) State the topic of the field study.

(ii)Outline the objectives of the study.

b) Draw a sketch map of the area studied and on it, mark and label the

(i) Position of the school,

(ii) Communication lines,

(iii) Relief features,

(iv) Settlements.

c) Describe the relationship between relief and settlement in the area studied.

d) What problems did you face when conducting the field study?

6. Study the table below showing the area under forest cover in forest cover in East Africa and answer the questions that follow:

East Africa: Area under Forest Cover ('000s ha) 1980-2000

Country 1980 1990 2000
Uganda 7,011 6,400 6,104
Kenya 1,358 1,309 1,292
Tanzania 38,004 34,123 32,510
East Africa 46,373 41,832 39,906
Adapted: World Resources (1998-99): A guide to the Global Environment, WRI, World Bank p292.

a) Draw a line graph to show the trend of forest cover destruction in East Africa.

b) (i) Calculate the percentage change in the area under forest cover for each country between 1980 and 2000.

(ii) State the country in East Africa with the:

- Highest,

- Lowest

Rate of forest cover destruction between 1980 and 2000.

c) Explain the conditions which have led to loss of forest cover in East Africa.

d) (i)Outline the effects of deforestation on the environment in East Africa.

(ii)Name any two areas in East Africa covered by natural forests.

7. Study the map of East Africa provided showing communications and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Towns marked A and B,

(ii) Water body marked 1,

(iii) Railway line marked 4.

(iv) Ports marked C and D,

(v) Airports marked 2 and 3,

b) Describe the factors which have influenced the distribution of the road and railway transport network in East Africa.

c) Explain the role of road and railway transport in the development of East Africa.

d) Outline the advantages of relying on road transport in East Africa.

PAPER 2

PART I: THE REST OF AFRICA

Answer two questions from this part.

1. Study table 1 below showing population growth in Nigeria (1994-2001) and answer the questions that follow.

Table I: Nigeria's Population Growth (1994-2001)

Year Population ('000s people)
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
108,010
111,270
114,500
117,680
120,820
123.900
126,910
129,870
Adapted: 2003 African Development Indicators, the World Bank; p6.

a) Draw a line graph to show the information contained in the table.

b) Describe the trend of population growth in Nigeria between 1994 and 2001.

c) Explain the conditions which have led to the trend of population growth described in(b) above.

d) Outline the problems faced by countries in Africa with a large population size.

2. Study Fig 1: Map of Gabon provided and answers the questions that follow.

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Towns marked A and B,

(ii) Countries marked C and D,

(iii) Water body marked 1,

(iv) River 2.

b) Describe the factors which have favored the development of the forestry industry in Gabon.

c) Explain the importance of the forestry industry to Gabon.

d) Outline the measures being taken to improve the forestry industry in Gabon.

3. Study table II below showing Sudan's agricultural exports (2000) and answer the questions that follow.

Table II: Sudan: Agricultural Exports (2000)

Agricultural Export Metric tons
Sugar
Meat
Cotton
Ground nuts
60,000
109,000
232,000
56,000
Total 457,000
Adapted: 2003 African Development indicators, The World Bank; pp96-103.

a) Draw a pie-chart to show Sudan's agricultural exports.

b) State the:

(i) Highest,

(ii) Lowest agricultural export from Sudan.

c) Describe the conditions which have favored the development of the agricultural sector in Sudan.

d) Outline the:

(i) Problems which are faced by the agricultural sector in Sudan,

(ii) Steps being taken to improve agriculture in Sudan.

4. a) Draw a sketch map of Africa and on it, mark and name:

(i) ocean currents; Benguela and Canary,

(ii) ports; Lagos and Port Elizabeth,

(iii) Any two marine fishing grounds.

b) Name any two:

(i) Types of marine fish caught in Africa,

(ii) Major fish producing countries in Africa.

c) Describe the conditions which have favored the development of the fishing industry in any one country named in (b)(ii) above.

d) Outline the problems faced by the fishing industry in Africa.

5. Study Fig 2: Map of Liberia provided below and answers the questions that follow.

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) River marked 1,

(ii) Countries marked 2 and 3,

(iii) Ports marked A and B,

(iv) Iron ore producing areas marked C and D.

b) Describe the conditions which have favored iron ore mining in Liberia.

c) Explain the importance of the mining sector in the development of Liberia.

d) Outline the effects of iron ore mining on the environment in Liberia,

6. a) Draw a sketch map of Africa and on it, mark and name:

(i) lakes; Nasser, Kariba and Volta,

(ii) water bodies; Atlantic ocean and Red sea,

(iii) Any two rivers used for transport.

b) Explain the obstacles faced when using the rivers named in (a)(iii) above for navigation.

c) Outline the advantages of using inland water transport in Africa.

d) Suggest the measure that should be taken to promote inland water transport in Africa.

PART II:

STUDIES IN DEVELOPMENT

Answer two questions from this part

REGION I: NORTH AMERICA

7. a) Draw a sketch map of the Canadian Prairie provinces and on it, mark and name:

(i) lake Manitoba

(ii) river Saskatchewan,

(iii) towns; Calgary, Winnipeg and Regina,

(iv) The three wheat growing provinces.

b) Describe the factors that have favored extensive wheat farming on the Canadian Prairies.

c) Explain the contribution of wheat growing to the development of Canada.

d) Outline any three steps being taken to improve agriculture in Canada.

8. Study table III below showing principal type of cargo entering the great Lakes region and answer the questions that follow.

Table III: Great Lakes: Principal Types of Cargo ('000 tons)

Type of Cargo Montreal-Lake Ontario section Wetland Canal
Iron ore
Iron and steel
Others
22,700
6,000
9,300
16,000
670
7,300
Adapted : Young, E.W and Lowry, J.H. (1984) A Course in World Geography, Book 7; North America, 4th Edition, Edward Arnold, p195.

a) Calculate the percentage of each type of cargo reaching the Wetland Canal from Montreal.

b) Name any:

(i) Two raw materials used in the iron and steel industry,

(ii) Three iron and steel industry centres found in the Great Lakes region of North America.

c) Describe the conditions which have led to the development of iron and steel industries in the Great lakes region.

d) Outline the effects of industrial development on the environment in the Great Lakes region.

9. Study Fig3: Map of British Columbia provided below and answers the questions that follow.

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Ocean marked A,

(ii) Rivers marked B and C,

(iii) Mountains marked D,

(iv) Pulp and paper centres marked 1, 2 and 3.

b) (i) Identify any three types of trees used in the pulp and paper industry in British Columbia.

(ii) Describe the characteristics of forests in British Columbia.

c) Explain the factors which have led to the development of any one pulp and paper industrial centre marked in (a) (iv) above.

d) Outline the benefits the forestry industry to British Columbia.

REGION II: THE RHINELANDS

10. a) Draw a sketch map of Switzerland and on it, mark and name:

(i) lakes; Constance and de Neuchatel,

(ii) rivers; Rhone and Aar (Aare),

(iii) Tourist centres; Lugano, Bern and Lausanne.

b) Mention any two tourist activities taking place in Switzerland during:

(i) Winter,

(ii) Summer.

c) Describe the conditions which have favored the development of the tourist industry in Switzerland.

d) Outline the benefits of the tourist industry in Switzerland.

11. Study table IV below showing Germany's Exports and Imports (2001) and answer the questions that follow.

Table IV: Germany: Percentage of Exports and Imports (2001)

Type of Commodity Imports (%) Exports (%)
Feuls
Agricultural raw materials
Manufactured goods
Food
Ores and metals
Others
08
02
70
07
03
10
01
01
89
04
02
03
Total 100 100
Adapted: 2003 World Development Indicators: The World Bank, Washington D.C, pp202-206.

a) Draw a pie-chart to show Germany's imports in 2001.

b) Mention the:

(i) Largest type of commodity exported from Germany,

(ii) Smallest type of commodity imported into Germany.

c) (i) Name any two manufacturing centres in Germany.

(ii)Describe the factors which have favored the development of the manufacturing sector in Germany.

d) Outline the conditions which have influenced the volume of Germany's exports.

12. Study Fig 4: Map showing land use in Belgium and answer the questions that follow.

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Rivers marked A and B,

(ii) Towns marked C and D,

(iii) Type of land-sue found in area marked 1,

(iv) Type of agriculture carried out in areas marked 2, 3 and 4.

b) Describe the factors which have favored the development of agriculture in Belgium.

c) Explain the contribution of agriculture to the development of Belgium.

d) Outline the effects of farming activities on the physical environment in Belgium.

REGION III: CHINA

13. a) Draw a sketch map of China and on it, mark and name:

(i) rivers; Yangtze Kiang and Hwang Ho,

(ii) water bodies; Yellow sea and south China sea,

(iii) lowland areas (below 1500 metres),

(iv) plateau areas (between 1500 and 4000 metres),

(v) Highland areas (above 4000 metres).

b) Describe the process which led to the formation of the highland areas in China.

c) Outline the problems faced by people living in highland areas of China.

d) Explain the influence of relief on drainage in China.

14. Study table V below showing China's total population ('000s) between 1980 and 2015 (projected) and answer the questions that follow.

Table V. China: Total population in '000s (1980 - 2015 projected)

Year Total Population ('000s)
1980
1990
2000
2015 (projected)
981,200
1,155,305
1,271,800
1,392,600
Adapted: 2003 World Development Indicators; the World Bank, Washington D.C. P38; World Resources (1996/7) A Guide to the Global Environment; the WRI, World Bank, UNEP. Pp191.

a) Calculate the percentage change in china's total population between 1980 and 2000.

b) Draw a line graph to show the trend in China's total population between 1980 and 2015 (projected)

c) Explain the factors which have led to the trend in population shown in (b) above.

d) Outline the:

(i) Population problems faced in china,

(ii) Steps being taken to solve the problems in (d) (i) above.

15. Study Fig 5: Map of the Yangtze Kiang river basin and answer the questions that follow.

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Rivers marked A and B,

(ii) Canals marked C and D,

(iii) Water body marked 1,

(iv) Towns marked 2 and 3.

b) Describe the factors which have favored agricultural activities in the Yangtze Kiang River Basin.

c) Explain the benefits of agriculture to the people living in the Yangtze Kiang River basin.

d) Outline the problems faced by the people living in the Yangtze Kiang River basin.