PAPER 1

PART I

1. The Miombo woodlands are sparsely populated because of

A. Poor transport network

B. Tsetse fly infestation

C. Unreliable rainfall

D. Poor drainage

2. Which of the following glacial features in East Africa is a result of deposition?

A. Cirques

B. Arêtes

C. Terminal moraines

D. Pyramidal peaks

3. Soils in the highland areas of East Africa are fertile because of the presence of

A. Volcanic lava

B. Heavy rainfall

C. Cool temperatures

D. High temperatures

E. High levels of humus

4. Which of the following types of climate covers the largest percentage of land area in Kenya?

A. Tropical continental

B. Semi arid

C. Highland sub-tropical

D. Modified equatorial

5. The major factor limiting the expansion of area under cropland in Kenya

A. Poor transport

B. Pests and diseases

C. Water shortage

D. Labour shortage

6. Which of the following factors is the greatest problem facing the mining industry in East Africa?

A. Exhaustion of mineral deposits

B. Inadequate capital

C. Frequent mining accidents

D. Increasing costs of mining

7. Equatorial forests are described as evergreen because

A. Their leaves are broad

B. Trees grow close together

C. The trunks are covered by climbing plants

D. Trees shed their leaves at different times of the year

8. Which of the following fish landing sites is found on lake Kyoga?

A. Lwampaga

B. Butiaba

C. Katunguru

D. Majanji

9. Which of the following towns in East Africa is located in the rift valley area?

A. Nakuru

B. Voi

C. Tororo

D. Tabora

10. Some area in East Africa have been gazette as national parks in order to

A. Reduce deforestation

B. Promote tourism

C. Control poaching

D. Provide employment

11. Which of the following commodities is exported through Entebbe airport?

A. Flowers

B. Cotton

C. Coffee

D. Tea

12. Coral reefs are not found at the mouths of rivers on the east African coast because the water is

A. Warm

B. Salty

C. Shallow

D. Muddy

13. Weathering by frost action in East Africa has been experienced in the

A. Rift valley areas

B. Coastal region

C. Mountainous areas

D. Central plateau

14. Which of the following crops should be grown near the market?

A. Tomatoes

B. Coffee

C. Pyrethrum

D. Cotton

15. The method used in the mining of diamonds at Shinyanga is

A. Shaft

B. Open cast

C. Adit

D. Drilling

16. Which of the following vegetation types covers the largest area of East Africa?

A. Tropical rain forests

B. Savannah grasslands

C. Bush and thicket

D. Heath and moorland

17. In East Africa, fish farming is manly practiced in

A. River mouths

B. Bays

C. Ponds

D. Swamps

18. The use of air transport within East Africa is limited by

A. Few commodities to transport

B. Few airports and aerodromes

C. High fares

D. Competition from road transport

19. Which of the following processes led to the formation of Mount Kilimanjaro?

A. Folding

B. Up warping

C. Step faulting

D. Vulcanicity

20. The 2002 census showed Uganda's population size as

A. 24.7 million

B. 12.6 million

C. 35.0 million

D. 16.6 million

21. The main factor influencing the development of a soil catena in East Africa is

A. Relief

B. Drainage

C. Climate

D. Vegetation

22. Which one of the following is a characteristic of the trees in the savannah region of East Africa?

A. Presence of buttress roots

B. Periodic shedding of leaves

C. Forming of a dense canopy

D. Stems of over sixty metres

23. Cashew nuts in East Africa are grown in the

A. Highland areas

B. Rift valley areas

C. Coastal areas

D. Lake Victoria shores

24. The type of erosion which involves uniform removal of soil from a large area is called

A. Rill erosion

B. Sheet erosion

C. Splash erosion

D. Gulley erosion

25. Minimum and maximum temperatures of a place are obtained by using

A. A barometer

B. A hydrometer

C. The six's thermometer

D. An anemometer

26. Marine fishing at the East African coast has been affected by

A. Presence of coral reefs

B. Availability of unskilled labour

C. Limited fish species

D. Lack of mechanized fishing vessels

27. Which one of the following animals in Uganda is faced with the danger of extinction?

A. Kob

B. Rhino

C. Zebra

D. Giraffe

28. Lake Teleki in Kenya is an example of a

A. Crater lake

B. Rift valley lake

C. Lava dammed lake

D. Glacial lake

29. The type of climate in East Africa characterized by heavy rainfall well distributed throughout the year is called

A. Montana

B. Tropical

C. Equatorial

D. Monsoon

30. The East African rift valley areas are mainly used for

A. Animal rearing

B. Hunting

C. Bee-keeping

D. Arable farming

31. Which one of the following fish types is exported by East African countries?

A. Tilapia

B. Barbus

C. Dagaa

D. Nile perch

32. The problem of traffic congestion in Kampala is being solved by

A. Construction flyovers

B. Encouraging use of public transport

C. Installing traffic lights

D. Increasing the number of traffic police

33. Oil refineries in East Africa are found in

A. Nairobi

B. Jinja

C. Mombasa

D. Eldoret

34. Lugari plantation forest in Western Kenya was established mainly to provide

A. Raw materials for pulp and paper industry

B. Fuel wood to local population

C. Wind breaks for homesteads

D. Building poles

35. The major export from East Africa is

A. Timber

B. Copper

C. Coffee

D. Frozen fish

PART II

MAPWORK, PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION AND EAST AFRICA

Answer three questions from part II, including questions 1 and 2 which are compulsory.

SECTION A

1. COMPULSORY QUESTION: MAPWORK

Answer all parts of this question.

Study the 1:50,000 (UGANDA) ARAPAI, map extract; series Y732; part of sheet 43/1; edition 1 D.O.S and answer the questions that follow:

a) Identify the:

(i) Physical feature found at grid reference 561011,

(ii) Man-made feature found at grid reference 628973.

b) State the grid reference of the:

(i) Level crossing at Akaikai,

(ii) Borehole at Dakabela.

c) (i) State the bearing of Ojingai road junction (grid reference 639938) from the bridge on river Odudui (grid reference 697077).

(ii) Measure and state in kilometers that distance of the Soroti all weather bound surface road.

d) Draw a sketch map of the area shown on the map and on it, mark and name:

(i) Arapai farm institute,

(ii) The railway line,

(iii) All weather loose surface roads,

(iv) Papyrus swamps,

(v) Rivers: Ojom and Odueng

e) With evidence from the map extract, identity the:

(i) Human activities being carried out in the area,

(ii) Problems faced by the people living in the area.

2. COMPULSORY QUESTION : PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION

Answer all parts of this question.

Study the photograph provided below and answer the questions that follow:

PHOTOGRAPH

a) Identify the economic activity taking place in the photograph.

b) Describe the conditions which favour the growing of the crop shown in the photograph.

c) Explain the:

(i) Importance of the crop to the economy of ay one country in East Africa,

(ii) Problem faced by the farmers growing the crop shown in the photograph.

d) Giving reasons for your answer, suggest an area in East Africa where this photograph could have been taken.

SECTION B: EAST AFRICA

Answer only one question from this section.

3. a) Name any three types of rocks found in East Africa.

b) Describe the characteristics of any two types of rocks named in (a) above.

c) For any one type of rock named in (a) above, describe the processed which led to its formation.

d) Explain the importance of rocks to the people of East Africa.

4. Study the table below showing East Africa's total population in millions (1994-2001) and answer the questions that follow:

East Africa: Total population ('000,000) 1994-2001

Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Population ('000,000) 73.44 75.56 77.77 79.78 81.89 83.96 86.0 87.98
Adapted: World Bank (2003): African Development Indicators; Washington DC. P6

a) Draw a bar graph to represent the information given in the table.

b) (i) Calculate the percentage change in East Africa's total population between 1994 and 2001.

(ii)Explain the factors which have led to the population change identified in (b)(i) above.

c) Outline the problems which have resulted from the population change identified in (b)(i) above

d) Suggest measures which should be taken to solve the problems outlined in © above.

5. For any one field work you have done on either a fish landing site or a market

a) (i) state the topic of study,

(ii) Outline the objectives of the study,

b) Draw a sketch map to show the location of the area studied and on it, mark and name:

(i) Physical features

(ii) Man-made features

c) Explain the effect of human activities on the environment in the area studied

d) Outline the problems you faced when conducting the fieldwork

6. Study the sketch map of the Mwea-Tebere irrigation project and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Rivers marked 1 and 2,

(ii) Irrigation blocks marked A, B and C,

(iii) Towns marked 3 and 4.

b) Describe the factors that favored the location of the project.

c) Explain the benefits of the irrigation project to the people of Kenya.

d) Outline the problems faced by the farmers on the irrigation project.

7. a) Draw a sketch map of East Africa and on it, mark and name:

(i) National parks: Kidepo, Tsavo and Serengeti.

(ii) Game reserves: Selous and Pian - Upe,

(iii) Towns: Malini, Dar-es-salaam and Kasese.

b) State any three tourist attractions found in East Africa other than wildlife.

c) Describe the conditions which have favored the development tourist industry in East Africa.

d) Outline the problems faced by the tourist industry in any one country in East Africa.

PAPER 2

PART 1: THE REST OF AFRICA

Answer two questions from this part.

1. a) Draw a sketch map of Africa and on it, mark and name areas which receive mean annual rainfall of:

(i) over 2000 mm

(ii) 1000-2000 mm

(iii) Less than 500 mm.

b) Describe the factors which have led to:

(i) High mean annual rainfall in areas named in (a)(i) above

(ii) Low mean annual rainfall in areas named in (a)(iii) above

c) Explain the influence of rainfall on human activities in areas marked in (a) above.

d) Outline the problems faced by people living in areas receiving mean annual rainfall of over 2000 mm in Africa.

2. Study table 1 below showing land area under permanent crops for selected countries in Africa (2000) and answer the questions that follow:

Table I: Area Under Permanent crops (2000)

Country Area under permanent crops: ('000) hectares
Democratic Rep.Congo (Zaire)
Ethiopia
Nigeria
Swaziland
Zambia
6,700
10,000
28,200
178
5,260
TOTAL 50,338
Adapted: 2003 Africa Development Indicators. The World Bank. Washington D.C.p231

a) Draw a pie chart to show the information provided in the table.

b) State the country with the:

(i) Smallest,

(ii) Largest

Area of land under permanent crops.

c) For the country states in (b)(ii) above:

(i) Name any two crops grown,

(ii) Describe the conditions which have favored the growing of the crops in ©(i) above.

d) Outline the benefits of keeping land under permanent crops.

3. Study Fig. 1: Map of the Nile Basin provided below and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Towns marked 1,2 and 3

(ii) Rivers marked A, B and C

(iii) Highlands marked D

(iv) Dam marked 4

(v) Irrigation scheme marked 5

b) Describe the factors which favored the development of the irrigation scheme named in (a)(v) above.

c) Explain the benefits of the irrigation scheme to the people living in the area.

d) Outline the problems faced by the people living on the irrigation scheme.

4. Study table II below showing the number of people working in the fishing sector for selected countries in Africa (2000) and answer the questions that follow:

Table II: Number of people working in the fishing sector (2000)

Country No. of people employed in the fishing sector
Chad
Cote d'Ivoire
Gabon
Namibia
Senegal
300,000
20,000
8,000
3,000
56,000
Adapted from: World Resources (2002-2004) Decisions for the Earth: Balance, Voice and power: World Bank, UNDP, UNEP, World Resources Institute, p267.

a) Draw a bar graph to represent the information contained in the table

b) Identify the country which employs the:

(i) Largest,

(ii) Smallest

Number of people in the fishing sector.

c) Describe the conditions which have favored the development of the fishing sector in any one country given in the table.

d) Outline the:

(i) Benefits of the fishing sector to the country chosen in © above

(ii) Steps which have been taken to promote the fishing sector in the country chosen in (c) above.

5. Study Fig 2. Below showing the Zambian copper belt and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Mining centres marked A, B and C.

(ii) Towns marked D and E,

(iii) River marked 1.

(iv) Country marked 2.

b) Describe the conditions which have favoured copper mining on the copper belt.

c) Explain the contribution of the mining sector to the environment in Zambia

d) Outline the effects of minning on the physical environment in Zambia

6. a) Draw a sketch map showing the site of port Tema and on it, mark and name the:

i) Central Business District (CBD)

ii)prt area,

iii) railway line

iv) tlantic ocean

v) dock area

b) Describe the conditions which led to the development of port Tema.

c) Explain the benefits of Port Tema to Ghana

d) Outline the:

(i) Problems faced by Tema as a port.

(ii) Steps being taken to solve the problems in (d)(i) above

PART II

STUDIES IN DEVELOPMENT

Answer two questions from this part

REGION I: NORTH AMERICA

7. a) draw a sketch map of California and on it, mark and name:

(i) sierra Nevada mountain ranges,

(ii) central valley

(iii) river Sacramento

(iv) delta Mendota canal

(v) friant dam

(vi) fresno town

b) (i) name any two crops grown under irrigation in California

(ii) Describe the conditions which have favored irrigation farming in California.

c) Explain the problems facing irrigation farming in California.

d) Name any two countries which import agricultural products from California.

8. Study Fig 3. Below showing the great lakes and st. Lawrence water way and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Rivers marked 1 and 2,

(ii) Lakes marked 3 and 4

(iii) Canals marked A and B,

(iv) Ports marked C and D.

b) Name any two:

(i) Imports,

(ii) Exports

Carried along the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence waterway.

c) Describe the steps which were taken to improve navigation along Great Lakes and River St. Lawrence.

d) Outline the benefits of the water way to the United States of America (USA) and Canada.

9. Study Table III below showing city population for urban centres in North America (2000) and answer the questions that follow:

Table III: North America: City Population (2000)

City Population (millions)
Los Angeles
Toronto
Chicago
New York
Montreal
Vancouver
16,100
4,500
9,000
20,900
3,500
1,800
TOTAL 55,800

ADAPTED FROM: 2003 World Development Indicators. The World Bank, Washington D.C. pp.352-354.

a) Draw a bar graph to represent the information given in the table.

b) Identify the country with the:

(i) Largest,

(ii) Smallest

Number of inbound tourists.

c) Describe the condition which have favored the location of the city named in (b)(i) above,

d) Outline the:

(i) Functions of any one city given in the table.

(ii) Environmental problems which have resulted from the establishment of the urban centre chosen in (d)(i) above.

REGION II: THE RHINELANDS

10. Study Table IV showing in bound tourists ('000s) for the Rhinelands and East Africa and answer the questions that follow:

Table IV: in bound tourist in 2001 ('000s)

Region Country In-bound tourists
Rhine lands: Belgium
Netherlands
Switzerland
6,452
9,500
10,700
East Africa Uganda
Kenya
Tanzania
205
841
501

Adapted: 2003 World Development Indicators. The World Bank, Washington D.C. pp.352-354.

a) Draw a bar graph to represent the information given in the table

b) Identify the country with the:

(i) Largest,

(ii) Smallest

Number of inbound tourists

c) Describe the factors which have led to more tourist visiting the country identified in (b)(i) than those in (b)(ii) above.

d) (i) Mention any two tourist attractions found in both the Rhine lands and East Africa.

(iii) Explain the benefits of the tourist industry to both the Rhinelands and East Africa.

11. Study Fig .4 below showing the locations of industries in Germany and answer questions that follow:

a) Name the:

(i) Country marked A,

(ii) Rivers marked B and C,

(iii) Industrial centres marked 1, 2, 3 and 4.

b) Mention any types of industries found in any one industrial centre named in (a)(iii)above.

c) Explain the factors which have favored the development of industries in Germany.

d) Outline the:

(i) Problems which have resulted from the establishment of industries in Germany.

(ii) Steps being taken to solve the problems outlined in (d)(i) above.

12. a) Draw a sketch map of the Netherlands and on it, mark and name:

(i) the north sea,

(ii) lake Ijssel (Ysell),

(iii) river Rhine,

(iv) Towns: Utrecht and Rotterdam,

(v) Diary farming provinces: South Holland, North Holland and Friesland.

b) Name any two types of diary cattle breeds reared in any one province named in (a)(v) above.

c) Describe the conditions which have favored the development of the diary farming industry in The Netherlands.

d) Explain the benefits of diary farming to the people of the Netherlands.

REGION III: CHINA

13. Study Fig. 5 below showing rainfall distribution in china and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name any one region which receives rainfall of:

(i) Over 1500 mm,

(ii) Less than 375 mm

b) Describe the factors which have influenced rainfall distribution in china.

c) (i) Mention any human activities found in areas marked C and D

(ii) Explain the relationship between rainfall distribution and human activities in china.

d) Outline the:

(i) Problems faced by people living in areas marked A.

(ii) Steps being taken to solve the problems in (d)(i) above.

14. a) Mention any two:

(i) agricultural communes,

(ii) land-use types found on a commune

in china.

b) Describe the characteristics of communes in China.

c) Explain the:

(i) Advantages,

(ii)Disadvantages

Of communal farming in China.

d) Outline the steps being taken to improve communal farming in china.

15. Study Table V showing the sources of electricity in china (2000) and answer the questions that follow:

Table V: China: Sources of Electricity (2000)

Source of Energy Percentage
Hydro-electric power
Coal
Oil
Natural gas
Nuclear power
Others
16.4
78.3
3.4
0.5
1.2
0.2

Adapted from: 2003 World Development Indicators. The World Bank, Washington D.C. p152

a) Draw a pie chart to represent the information provided in the table

b) Identify the:

(i) Most,

(ii) Least

Popular source of energy used in china.

c) Describe the conditions which have led to the popular use of the energy source identified in (b)(i) above.

d) Explain the role of power and energy.