PAPER 1

PART I

1. The settlement pattern found along transport and communication routes is called

A. Linear

B. Dispersed

C. Nucleated

D. Clustered

2. Which one of the following features is a result of extrusive vulcanicity?

A. Dyke

B. Volcanic plug

C. Sill

D. Batholiths

3. Continued evaporation and deposition of iron and aluminum oxides within the soil under wet and humid conditions is called

A. Water logging

B. Stalinization

C. Evapo-transpiration

D. Leaching

4. The lowest mean annual rainfall in Tanzania is received at

A. Tukuyu

B. Mbeya

C. Songea

D. Mwanza

5. Pyrethrum in East African best grows on the

A. Highlands

B. Plateau

C. Coastal plains

D. Rift valley floor

6. Kilembe mines were closed mainly due to

A. A fall in world copper prices

B. Decline in copper ore quality

C. Breakdown in railway transport

D. Absence of labour.

7. The type of forests found in the highland areas of East Africa are

A. Mangrove forests

B. Montane forests

C. Tropical forests

D. Bamboo forests

8. Which one of the following fish landing sites is found on lake George?

A. Wanseko

B. Ntoroko

C. Magyo

D. Kasenyi

9. Tanga has developed into an important port mainly because of

A. A good harbor and a large population

B. A rich hinterland and availability of hydro electricity

C. Availability of hydro electricity and a large population

D. A rich hinterland and good road transport.

10. The tourist industry is important in East Africa mainly because it has

A. Promoted international co-operation

B. Led to wildlife conservation

C. Diversified the economy

D. Yielded foreign exchange

11. Coral landforms along the East African coast are found in areas with

A. Fresh water

B. Muddy water

C. Salty water

D. Cold water

12. The vertical arrangement of soil horizons s called soil

A. Profile

B. Catena

C. Solifluction

D. Porosity

13. Isobars are lines drawn on a map to show areas with same

A. Temperature

B. Wind speed

C. Humidity

D. Pressure

14. The most dominant method of livestock rearing in East Africa is

A. Zero grazing

B. Rotational grazing

C. Nomadic pastoralism

D. Transhumance

15. Which one of the following is the major source of energy used in industries in East Africa?

A. Petroleum

B. Coal

C. Hydro-electricity

D. Biogas

16. The major economic activity which has led to extensive destruction of forests in East Africa is

A. Mining

B. Agriculture

C. Brick making

D. Lumbering

17. Which one of the following ports is found on lake Victoria?

A. Kibanga

B. Kasenyi

C. Bukungu

D. Butiaba

18. The renewed down cutting of a river due to a change in sea level is called

A. Reversed drainage

B. Braiding

C. River capture

D. Rejuvenation

19. Which one of the following is a sedimentary rock?

A. Basalt

B. Gypsum

C. Gneiss

D. Shale

20. Temperature differences in East Africa are mainly caused by variations in

A. Latitude

B. Cloud cover

C. Altitude

D. Vegetation cover

21. Mwea tebere resettlement scheme predominantly grows

A. Sugar cane

B. Cotton

C. Vegetables

D. Rice

22. Most minerals in East Africa have not been exploited mainly because they exist in

A. Remote areas

B. Small quantities

C. Politically unstable places

D. Agriculturally rich areas.

23. The most common type of fish caught in Lake Tanganyika is

A. Black bass

B. Dagaa

C. Salmon

D. Barbus

24. Which of the following factors has greatly promoted Uganda's tourist industry?

A. Good climate

B. Rich culture

C. Abundant wildlife

D. Good historical sites

25. The weathered materials transported by a river are called its

A. Profile

B. Catchment

C. Load

D. Regime

26. The type of soil erosion experienced in the Konda district of Tanzania is called

A. Gulley erosion

B. Sheet erosion

C. Glacial erosion

D. Rill erosion

27. East Africa's exports are dominated by

A. Forestry products

B. Agricultural products

C. Mineral ores

D. Manufactured goods

28. Which one of the following mountains in East Africa is a block mountain?

A. Mt. Kenya

B. Mt. Kilimanjaro

C. Mt.usambara

D. Mt. Muhavura

29. The high rate of soil erosion in the highland areas of East Africa is mainly a result of

A. High rainfall

B. Steep gradient

C. Increased deforestation

D. Increased leaching

30. North-Eastern Kenya is very dry because of

A. Lying outside the inter-tropical convergence Zone

B. The North-East trade winds

C. High transpiration rates

D. Absence of thick vegetation cover

31. Oil refineries have been located at the East African coast because

A. There is abundant labour

B. Of abundant energy supply

C. Of a wide market for oil

D. The raw material is bulky

32. Which one of the following features is found in the senile stage of a river?

A. Flood plain

B. Interlocking spur

C. Meander

D. V-shaped valley

33. The most common method of fishing on Lake Kyoga is

A. Trawling

B. Purse seining

C. Gill netting

D. Beach seining

34. The major problem affecting the development of the tourist industry in East Africa is

A. Poor hotel management

B. Hostile tribes

C. Poor road network

D. Destruction of wildlife

35. The Tanzam railway was constructed in order to

A. Transport bulky oil to Zambia.

B. Increase the level of employment

C. Develop the southern highlands of Tanzania

D. Improve port facilities at Dar-es-salaam

PART II

MAPWORK, PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION AND EAST AFRICAN

Answer three questions from part II, including questions 1 and 2 which are compulsory

SECTION A

1. COMPULSORY QUESTION: MAPWORK

Answer all parts of this question, candidates are advised to spend 40 minutes answering this question.

Study the map extract 1:50,000 (UGANDA) KAYUNGA; series Y732; part of sheet 61/4; Edition 3-U.S.D. and answer the questions that follow:

a) State the grid reference of the following:

(i) Borehole at Ndeeba,

(ii) Trigonometrically station at Magala.

b) Name the feature found at grid reference :

(i) 936708,

(ii) 924699.

c) (i) Find the road distance in Kilometers of the All weather bound surface road between Kayunga road junction (grid reference 891777) and the Gangama road junction (grid reference 976721).

(ii)Calculate the area covered by the Sezibwa - Musamya swamp.

d) Describe the:

(i) Relief of the area,

(ii) Settlement patterns found in the area shown on the map.

e) Identify the economic activities taking place in the area shown on the map.

2. COMPULSORY QUESTION: PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION

Answer all parts of this question, candidates are advised to spend 40 minutes answering this question.

Study the photograph provided below and answer the questions that follow;

PHOTOGRAPH

a) Identify the economic activity taking place in the photograph.

b) Describe the conditions which have favored the economic activity identified in (a) above.

c) Explain the important of the economic activity identified in (a) above people living in the area.

d) Giving reasons for your answer, suggest an area in East Africa where this photograph could have been taken.

SECTION B: EAST AFRICA

Answer one question from this section.

3. a) Draw a sketch map of East Africa and on it, mark and label:

(i) lakes: Victoria, Tanganyika and Magadi,

(ii) Rivers: Kafu, Athi and Rufigi

b) Describe the process which led to the formation of any one lake in (a) (i) above.

c) Explain the economic benefits of lakes in East Africa.

d) Outline the problems facing the use of water resources in East Africa.

4. Study the population density map of East Africa provided below and answer the question that follow:

MAP

a) Describe the conditions which have led to:

(i) High population density in areas marked A.

(ii) Low population density in areas marked C.

b) Explain the problems caused by;

(i) High population density,

(ii) Low population density,

c) Outline the steps being taken to solve the population density problems in (b) above.

d) Name any one district in:

(i) Uganda with a high population density,

(ii) Kenya with a low population density,

(iii) Tanzania with a moderate population density.

5. For any one fieldwork study you have conducted:

a) (i) State the topic of your study,

(ii)Outline the objectives of the study.

b) Describe the:

(i) Methods you used to collect information during the study,

(ii) Problems you faced when using the methods in (b)(i) above.

c) Explain the influence of human activities on the environment in the area studied.

d) How did the fieldwork study enable you to understand the geography of the area?

6. Study the table below showing Uganda's area under livestock production for selected districts and answer the questions that follow:

District Land Area (km2) Grazing area (km2) %age Grazing area
Mbarara
Masindi
Luwero
Kotido
Moroto
9,906
8,406
8,539
13,208
14,113
9,064
7,734
7,728
12,349
13,196
91.5
-
90.5
93.5
-
Adapted from: economics of crop and livestock production (1993/94): agricultural policy committee, agricultural secretariat p122.

a) Calculate the percentage grazing area for:

(i) Masindi district,

(ii) Moroto district,

b) Draw a bar graph showing the percentage grazing area for the selected districts.

c) Explain the factors which have favored livestock farmers in the district chosen given in the table.

d) (i) Describe the problems facing livestock farmers in the district chosen in (c) above.

(ii)Outline the steps being taken to solve the problems in (d) (i) above.

7. a) Draw a sketch map of East Africa and on it, mark and name areas covered by:

(i) tropical rain forests,

(ii) mangrove forests,

(iii) Montane forests.

b) Explain the factors which have favored the growth of any one forest type in (a) above.

c) Explain the factors which have favored the growth of any one forest type in (a) above.

d) Outline the:

(i) benefits from the forestry industry,

(ii) problems faced by the forestry industry in East Africa.

PAPER 2

PART I: THE REST OF AFRICA

Answer two questions from this part.

1. Study table I below showing the climate of Harare, Zimbabwe and answer the questions that follow:

Table I: the climate of Harare, Zimbabwe. (Altitude 1500m)

Month J F M A M J J A S O N D
Temp(0C) 24 23 22 21 20 18 17 18 20 23 24 24
Rainfall (mm) 200 175 100 25 20 - - - - 50 100 175
Source: Minns, W. J. Geography of Africa, new edition p.36.

a) Draw a suitable graph o show the climate of Harare.

b) Calculate the:

(i) Mean annual rainfall,

(ii) Annual range of temperature, for the station.

c) (i) Describe the characteristics of the type of climate experienced at the station.

(ii)Explain the factors influencing the climate of Harare.

d) How has climate influenced agricultural activities in the region around the station?

2. Study figure 1: Map of Africa showing the distribution of population and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name the areas with:

(i) High population density marked A and B,

(ii) Low population density marked C and D.

b) Describe the factors which have led to the:

(i) High population density in areas marked A and B,

(ii) Low population density in areas marked C and D.

c) Explain the problems which result from:

(i) High population density,

(ii) Low population density.

d) For any one country in Africa, outline the steps being taken to solve the problems of a high population density.

3. a) Draw a sketch map of Ghana and on it, mark and name ;

(i) cocoa growing areas,

(ii) ports: Takoradi and Tema,

(iii) Lake Volta,

(iv) Akosombo dam,

b) Describe the factors which have favored cocoa growing in Ghana.

c) Explain the problems facing the cocoa growers in Ghana.

d) Outline the measures being taken to increase cocoa production in Ghana.

4. Study figure 2: Map of Africa showing commercial ocean fishing grounds and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Fishing grounds marked A, B and C,

(ii) Oceans currents marked X, Y and Z.

(iii) Ports marked 1 and 2.

b) Describe the conditions which have:

(i) Favored commercial fishing in area marked A,

(ii) Limited the development of commercial fishing in area marked B.

c) Explain the contribution of the fishing industry to any one country adjacent to the fishing grounds in (a)(i) above.

d) Outline the measures being taken to improve the fishing industry in the country chosen in (c) above.

5. Study table II below showing copper production in Zambia and answer the questions that follow:

Table II: Zambia: copper production 1975-90 ('000s Metric tons)

Year Annual production '000 metric tons
1975
1980
1985
1990
676.9
595.8
452.6
445.0
Source: world resources: a guide to global environment 1992-3; toward sustainable development; oxford p320.

a) Draw a line graph to show the information given in the table.

b) (i) Describe the trend of copper production in Zambia between 1975 and 1990.

(ii)Identify the factors which have contributed to the trend in (b)(i) above.

c) Explain the contribution of the mining sector to the development of Zambia.

d) Outline the:

(i) Problems facing the mining sector in Zambia.

(ii) Steps being taken to solve the problems in (d)(i) above.

6. a) Draw a sketch map of Egypt and it, mark and name the:

(i) towns: Alexandria, Cairo and Idfu,

(ii) Aswan High dam,

(iii) Lake Nasser,

(iv) Areas where petroleum. Phosphates and manganese are obtained.

b) Describe the factors which have favored the development of industries in either Cairo or Alexandria.

c) Explain the contribution of the industrial sector to the development of Egypt.

d) Outline the problems facing the industrial sector in Egypt.

PART II:

STUDIES IN DEVELOPMENT

Answer two questions from this port

REGION I: NORTH AMERICA

7. Study figure 3: Map of the south (USA) provided below and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Gulf marked A,

(ii) River marked B and C,

(iii) Minerals obtained from areas marked D and E,

(iv) Industrial centres marked 1, 2 and 3.

b) (i) State any three types of industries found in the south.

(ii)Describe the factors which have led to the development of industries in the south.

c) Explain the benefits resulting from the establishment of industries in the south.

d) Outline the problems facing industrial development in the south.

8. Study table III below showing the relative importance of Canada's wheat export routes and answer the questions which follow:

Table III: Canada's wheat export routes

Route Percentage of wheat exported
Eastern
Western
Northern
51
45
04
Total 100
Source: adapted from: Waugh. D. North and South America p.56

a) Draw a pie chart to show the relative importance of Canada's wheat export routes.

b) Name any:

(i) One port found at the terminal of each export route,

(ii) Two countries which import Canadian wheat,

(iii) Three wheat growing provinces in Canada.

c) Explain the factors which have:

(i) Favored the use of the Eastern export route,

(ii) Limited the use of the northern export route.

d) Outline the problems facing wheat production in Canada.

9. a) Draw a sketch map of British Columbia and on it, mark and name:

(i) the coast ranges and rocky mountains,

(ii) Vancouver island,

(iii) Strait of Georgia,

(iv) Any two ports through which forestry products are exported.

b) Describe the conditions which have favored the development of the forestry industry in British Colombia.

c) Explain the contribution of the forestry industry to British Columbia.

d) Outline the problems faced by the forestry industry in British Columbia.

REGION II: RHINELANDS

10. Study figure 4: Map of Switzerland provided below and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name the :

(i) Physical regions marked 1, 2 and 3,

(ii) Tourist attractions found in regions marked 2 and 3 during summer,

(iii) Tourist centres marked A, B and C.

b) Describe the conditions which have favored the development of tourism in regions marked 2 and 3.

c) Explain the contribution of the tourist industry to Switzerland.

d) (i) Identify the tourist attractions found in both Switzerland and East Africa.

(ii)Why is the tourist industry in East Africa less developed than in Switzerland?

11. a) Draw a sketch map of the Rhine rift valley and on it, mark and name the:

(i) rivers: Rhine and Neckar,

(ii) Rhine rift valley,

(iii) Rhine gorge,

(iv) towns: Ludwigshafen and Frankfurt,

(v) Vine growing areas.

b) Describe the:

(i) conditions which have favored vine growing in the Rhine valley,

(ii) activities carried out by vine growers during spring and summer seasons.

c) Outline the:

(i) Problems faced by the vine growers in the Rhine valley,

(ii) steps being taken to solve the problems in (c)(i) above.

d) State any two products obtained from the vine growing industry.

12. Study table IV showing land use types in Belgium and answer the questions which follow:

Table IV: land use in Belgium

Landuse type Land Area ('000 ha)
Arable
Permanet pasture
Forest
Built -up/ Wasteland
939
732
601
779
Total 3,051
a) Calculate the percentage of the land area under:

(i) Arable

(ii) Permanent pasture,

(iii) Forest,

(iv) Built-up/ waste land

b) Draw a pie-chart to show the relative importance of each land use type.

c) Identify the:

(i) Most dominant,

(ii) Least dominant land use type in Belgium.

d) (i) Describe the factors which have favored the development of the arable land use type in Belgium.

(ii)Outline the problems facing any one of the following land use types in Belgium.

- Arable

- Forest

REGION III: CHINA

13. a) Draw a sketch map of china and on it, mark and name the:

(i) rivers: Si-kiang, Yangtze and Hwang-Ho,

(ii) Yellow sea,

(iii) Towns: Beijing (Peking), Hong-Kong AND Shanghai

b) Describe the steps taken by china to develop the Si-kiang river basin

c) Explain the contribution of the Si-kiang river basin to the development of china.

d) Outline the problems which the people living in the Si-kiang river basin still experience.

14. Study table V below showing crude steel production in china (1975-1990) and answer the questions that follow:

Table V: crude steel production 1975-90 ('000 metric tons)

Year 1975 1980 1985 1990
Production ('000 Metric tons) 25,000 37,000 47,000 66,000
Source: adapted from: world resources 1992-3; a guide to the global environment: world resources institute p.321

a) Draw a line graph to show steel production in china between 1975 and 1990.

b) Using the table and graph, describe the trend of steel production in china.

c) (i) Name any two iron and steel industrial centres in china.

(ii)Explain the factors which have led to the development of the iron and steel industry in china.

d) Outline the benefits of the iron and steel industry to china.

15. Study figure5: Map showing the location of Beijing (Peking) provided below and answering the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Water body marked A,

(ii) Rivers marked B and C,

(iii) Highland area marked 1,

(iv) Lowland area marked 2.

b) Describe the factors which favored the location of Beijing city.

c) Outline the functions of Beijing city.

d) Explain the problems faced by the people living in Beijing city.