PAPER 1

PART I

1. The Kidepo valley in North Eastern Uganda is sparsely populated because it

A. Is an arid area

B. Is a nature conservation area.

C. Is remote and inaccessible

D. Has unproductive soils

2. On which of the following mountains are glacial features found?

A. Mt. Moroto.

B. Mt. Longonot

C. Mt. Kenya

D. Mt. Meru

3. The development of lateritic soils in Central Uganda is a result of

A. Leaching

B. Weathering

C. Erosion

D. Decomposition

4. The North Western shores of L. Victoria experience a type of climate which is

A. Warm and dry

B. Warm and wet

C. Cool and dry

D. Cool and wet

5. The most serious problem limiting agricultural development in East Africa is

A. Lack of capital

B. Poor land tenure system

C. Loss of soil fertility

D. Unfavorable government policies

6. Seven forks scheme is located on river

A. Mara

B. Gori

C. Galena

D. Tana

7. The top of Mt. Kilimanjaro lacks vegetation because

A. No vegetation can grow beyond 4500 m

B. The mountain top is covered by snow,

C. Heavy rainfall washed down the soils

D. There is a lake at the mountain top

8. Which of the following measures has been taken to control indiscriminate fishing on L.Victoria?

A. Regulating periods of fishing activity,

B. Licensing of fishermen

C. Paroling fishing grounds

D. Enforcing strict laws on fishnet sites

9. Which of the following towns in East Africa grew as a mining centre?

A. Kilembe

B. Mbale

C. Webuye

D. Tabora

10. Which of the following National parks are found in Kenya?

A. Tsavo and Mt. Elgon

B. Marsabit and Serengeti

C. Tsavo and Kitavi

D. Amboadi and Ruaha

11. Which of the following means of transport can best be used to transport horticultural products from Uganda to Europe?

A. Water transport

B. Air transport

C. Road transport

D. Railway transport

12. Kenya has an average population growth rate of

A. 5.3%

B. 3.0%

C. 3.8%

D. 2.5%

13. Lake Tanganyika was formed as a result of

A. Vulcanicity

B. Down warping

C. Damming

D. Faulting

14. Which of the following rocks is the most resistant to erosion?

A. Marble

B. Limestone

C. Quartzite

D. Sandstone

15. The instrument used for measuring atmospheric pressure is called

A. A barometer

B. A hygrometer

C. An anemometer

D. A thermometer

16. The reclaimed swamps in Kigezi are mainly used for growing

A. Pyrethrum

B. Vegetables

C. Tobacco

D. Coffee

17. Which of the following best represents the stages of diamond processing?

A. Cleaning, separation, milling, sorting,

B. Separation, sorting, milling, cleaning

C. Cleaning, milling, sorting, separation

D. Separation, cleaning, sorting, milling

18. Population density refers to the

A. Total population of an area

B. Number of citizens in a country

C. Distribution of people in a country

D. Number of people per unit area

19. The savannah woodlands of central Tanzania have been used for

A. Pastoral farming

B. Tourism and wildlife

C. Commercial ranching

D. Bee keeping

20. Which of the following is an erosional feature found on the East African coast?

A. Spit

B. Bar

C. Cave

D. Tombolo

21. Which one of the following rivers provides Kilombero sugar plantation with water for irrigation?

A. Rufigi

B. Pangani

C. Ruaha

D. Msolwa

22. A small percentage of fish caught in East Africa is exported mainly because of

A. Competition from other countries

B. Poor methods of fish preservation

C. Low export prices for fish

D. Poor methods of fishing

23. Most industries in Nairobi are located on the edge of the city centre because they

A. Cause pollution which is unwanted in the centre

B. Need a lot of land cheaply found outside the centre

C. Require cheap labour found in the suburbs of the city

D. Benefit from the potential market outside the city centre

24. The largest Game reserve in Uganda is

A. Bukora - corridor

B. Aswan Loin

C. Kibale

D. Karuma

25. The areas of highest population density in Tanzania correspond with the area which have fertile soils and

A. High temperatures

B. Reliable rainfall

C. Large mineral deposits

D. Reliable transport

26. Lake Teleki in Kenya is an example of

A. A crater lake

B. A lagoon

C. An ox-bow lake

D. A tarn

27. Which the following is an igneous rock?

A. Sandstone

B. Shale

C. Granite

D. Limestone

28. The driest slopes of Mt. Elgon are found towards the

A. South East

B. North East

C. South west

D. North west

29. Diary farms have been successfully established in the Kenya highlands due to

A. Effective disease control

B. Introduction of artificial insemination

C. Division of the land into paddocks

D. Practicing of castration and dehorning

30. The crude oil in Mombasa is refined at

A. Shimanzi

B. Changantwe

C. Kipevu

D. Kilindini harbor

31. Limited undergrowth exists in the rain forests of East Africa because

A. Rain forests drop many leaves killing the undergrowth

B. The closely netted roots of forest trees kill other growing plants

C. The dense canopy prevents rain from reaching the ground

D. The dense canopy limits sunlight penetration

32. Fishing on lakes Hannington, Nakuru and Natron is limited because these are

A. Narrow lakes

B. Rift valley lakes

C. Alkaline lakes

D. Dry region lakes

33. Which of the following sea ports serves the largest hinterland in East Africa?

A. Dar-es-salaam

B. Tanga

C. Mombasa

D. Zanzibar

34. Wildlife conservation areas in east Africa were mainly established to

A. Protect rare plant species

B. Attract tourists

C. Provide research grounds

D. Discourage game hunting

35. Which of the following means of transport has been essential in the development of the raining sector in East Africa?

A. Railway transport

B. Water transport

C. Road transport

D. Air transport

PART II

MAPWORK, PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION AND EAST AFRICA.

Answer three questions from part II, including questions 1 and 2 which are compulsory.

SECTION A

1. COMPULSORY QUESTION MAPWORK

Answer all parts of this question, candidates are advised to spend 40 minutes answering this question.

Study the Map extract 1:50,000 (UGANDA) Fort Portal, series Y732, part of sheet 56/4 Edition 3-U.S.D and answer the following questions:

a) State the grid reference of the following features:

(i) Nsenze trigonometrically station,

(ii) Mbagani road junction.

b) Name the features found at the following grid references:

(i) 121745

(ii) 952771

c) Measure and state in kilometers the distance of the all weather bound surface road between the junction at grid reference 989732 and the culvert at grid reference 102715

d) Draw a sketch map of the area shown on the map and on it, mark and name:

(i) Kihale forest reserve

(ii) Rivers: Mpanga and Munobwa

(iii) Craters

(iv) All weather loose surface roads,

(v) Plantations.

e) With reference to the map extract;

(i) Identify the economic activities taking place in the area.

(ii) Describe the relationship between relief and settlement.

2. COMPULSORY QUESTION: PHOTOINTERPRETATION

Answer all parts of the question, candidates are advised to spend 20 minutes answering this question.

Study the photograph provided below and answer the questions that follow.

PHOTOGRAPH

a) What man made features are found in the:

(i) Left side ground

(ii) Right middle ground

b) Giving evidence from the photograph identify the economic activity taking lace

c) (i) Explain the factors which have favored the economic activity identified in (b) above.

(ii)Outline the problems faced by the people carrying out this activity.

d) Describe the relief of the area shown in the photograph.

SECTION B: EAST AFRICA

Answer only one question from this section.

3. a) Draw a sketch map of East Africa and on it, mark and name the following,

(i) the rift valley,

(ii) a block mountain,

(iii) two rift valley lakes,

(iv) two volcanic mountains

b) Explain the process which led to the formation of the East African rift valley.

c) Describe the economic activities being carried out in in the rift valley areas of East Africa.

d) Identify the problems faced by the people living in the rift valley areas of East Africa.

4. Study the table below showing tea production in Uganda between 1986 and 1991 and answer the questions that follow:

Year Tea production (tonnes)
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
3,300
3,500
3,500
4,200
6,600
8,300
Source: adapted from Bank of Uganda report, p31,

a) (i) Draw a bar graph to show the information given in the table,

(ii)Calculate the percentage change in tea production between 1986 and 1991.

b) (i) Describe the trend of tea production in Uganda between 1986 and 1991.

(ii)Explain the factors which have contributed to the trend described in (b)(i) above.

c) (i) What are the problems facing the tea growing industry in Uganda?

(ii)Identify the steps being taken to solve the problems in ©(i) above.

d) Explain the contribution of the tea growing industry to the economy of Uganda.

5. For any field work you have carried out,

a) State the;

(i) Topic of study

(ii) Objectives of the study

b) Using specific examples, explain the methods used to collect data during the field study.

c) Describe the findings of the field study.

d) (i) What problems did you face during the field study?

(ii)How did you solve the problems stated in (d)(i) above?

6. a) Draw a sketch map of East Africa and on it mark and label areas occupied by:

(i) rain forests,

(ii) Miombo woodlands

(iii) Mangrove forests

(iv) Semi-desert grassland

b) Describe the factors which have influenced the distribution of vegetation in East Africa.

c) Explain the importance of:

(i) rain forests,

(ii) Miombo woodlands to people of east Africa.

d) Outline the problems facing the forestry industry in any one country in East Africa.

7. Study the map of east Africa given below and answer the questions that follow.

MAP

a) Name the following:

(i) Rivers marked A and B,

(ii) Lakes marked C, D and E,

(iii) Ocean marked F,

b) Identify the factors which have favored the fishing industry in east Africa.

c) Describe any methods used in catching fish in the:

(i) Ocean marked F,

(ii) Lake marked C,

d) Explain the:

(i) Importance of the fishing industry.

(ii) Problems facing the fishing industry, in east Africa.

PAPER 2

PART I: THE REST OF AFRICA

Answer two questions from this part.

1. Study table I below showing the climate of Libreville, Gabon and answer the questions which follow:

Table I: climate: Libreville, Gabon

Month J F M A M J J A S O N D
Temp (0C) 30 31 31 31 30 29 28 28 29 29 29 30
Rainfall (mm) 250 250 325 300 213 25 25 25 100 275 380 200
Source: Minns W.J. Geography of Africa, new edition, p37.

a) Draw a suitable diagram to show the information in the table.

b) Calculate the:

(i) Mean annual temperature,

(ii) Mean annual rainfall for the station.

c) Describe the climatic conditions experienced at the station.

d) Explain the:

(i) Factors responsible for climatic conditions of the station,

(ii) Effect of the climate on economic activities being carried out in the area around the station

2. Study fig.1: Map showing the areas inhabited by the Fulani and answer the questions which follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Countries marked A, B and C.

(ii) River marked D

(iii) Towns marked E and F

b) Explain the factors which limit the:

(i) Northward movement,

(ii) Southward movement, of the Fulani

c) For the country marked A

(i) Describe the characteristics of nomadic pastoralism practiced by the Fulani,

(ii) Identify the steps being taken to modernize the live stock industry.

d) Explain the contribution of the livestock industry to any one country inhabited by Fulani.

3. a) Draw a sketch map of the Gezira irrigation scheme and on it, mark and name;

(i) rivers: White Nile and Blue Nile

(ii) dams: Jebel Aulia and Senna

(iii) towns: Khartoum and Wad Medan,

(iv) Land under irrigation.

b) Identify the factors which have influenced the location of the Gezira irrigation scheme.

c) Explain the benefits of the Gezira irrigation scheme to the people of Sudan.

d) Outline the problems which have resulted from the establishment of the Gezira irrigation scheme.

4. Study table II below showing land use in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire and answer the questions that follow:

Table II: land use types in the Democratic republic of Congo (Zaire) 1991-1993.

Land use type Land area ('000 hectares)
Crop land
Permanent pasture
Forest and Woodland
Others
7,893
15,000
173,860
29,952
Total 226,705
Source: world resource: a guide to the global environment. The urban environment oxford 1996-1997, p216

a) Draw a pie chart to show the different land use types in the Democratic republic of Congo (Zaire)

b) State the land use type which is;

(i) Most dominant

(ii) Least dominant

c) Explain the contribution of the most dominant land use type stated in (b)(i) above to the development of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

d) Identify the factor which has influenced land use in the Democratic republic of Congo.

5. Study fig. 2. Map of south Africa and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Diamond mining centres marked A, B and C,

(ii) Ports marked D and E,

(iii) Rivers marked 1 and 2

b) Explain the factors which have favored the mining of diamonds in the republic of South Africa.

c) Describe the methods used in the mining of diamond in the republic of South Africa.

d) Identify the problems facing the mining industry in the republic of South Africa.

6. a) Draw a sketch map of Lagos town and on it, mark and name;

(i) Lagos lagoon,

(ii) islands: Victoria and Ikoyi

(iii) Lagos harbor,

(iv) Apapa residential area,

(v) The industrial areas,

(vi) The railway line

b) Explain the factors which led to the development of Lagos town.

c) Outline the functions of Lagos town.

d) Describe the:

(i) Problems facing the development of Lagos town.

(ii) Measures being taken to solve the problems in (d)(i) above.

PART II:

STUDIES IN DEVELOPMENT

Answer two questions from this part.

REGION I: NORTH AMERICA

7. Study table III below showing seasonal work on the Howard. Blithe plantation in the south (U.S.A) and answer the questions that follow:

Table III: seasonal work on the Howard Blythe plantation.

Month Rainfall in (mm) Temp (0C) Work come in the fields
Mar 105 10 Ploughing next season's cotton fields
Apr 110 15 Planting cotton
May 105 12 Planting legumes especially soya beams
Jun 95 23 Harvesting wheat planted last year
Jul 100 26 Weeding or spreading weed killing chemical
Aug 80 29 Herbicides
Sept 75 23 Cotton is harvested
Oct 70 17 Legumes are harvested
Nov 70 11 Application of fertilisers to fields
Dec 85 6 Winter wheat is planned
Jan 90 4 Repairing machines, updating record books
Feb 90 6 Planning next season's work, purchasing seeds, herbicides etc
Source: Yiga Matovu North America, P63

a) State the agricultural activities carried out during:

(i) Winter,

(ii) Summer

b) What evidence is there to show that agricultural activities on the plantation are modernized?

c) (i) Identify the crops grown on the plantation.

(ii) Describe the factors which have favored the growing of the crops identified in(c)(i0 above.

d) Explain the contribution of the agricultural sector to the development of the south.

8. Study fig 3: Map of the Great lakes region, and answer the questions that follow

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Lakes marked 1, 2 and 3,

(ii) Canal marked 4,

(iii) Industrial centres marked X, Y and Z

b) (i) State two industries found in any one of the industrial centres named in (a)(iii) above

(ii)Identify the factors which have led to the development of industries in the Great lakes region.

c) Explain the contribution of the industrial sector to the development of the Great lakes region.

d) Outline the problems facing the industrial sector in the Great Lakes region.

9. a) Draw a sketch map of British Columbia and on it, mark and name;

(i) Vancouver Island.

(ii) South of Georgia,

(iii) Ports: Prince Rupert and Vancouver,

(iv) River Fraser,

(v) The North Pacific ocean current

b) State any two:

(i) Types of fish caught in British Columbia.

(ii) Methods of catching fish in British Columbia.

c) Describe the factors that have favored the development of fishing in British Columbia.

d) Explain the contribution of the fishing industry to the development of British Columbia.

REGION II: RHINELANDS

10. Study Fig.4: Map of Switzerland provided below and answer the questions that follow.

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Industrial centers marked A, B and C,

(ii) Rivers marked 1 and 2,

(iii) Lakes marked 3 and 4.

b) State any industries found in the centres marked:

(i) B,

(ii) C.

c) Explain the conditions which have led to the development of the industrial sector in Switzerland.

d) Outline the problems facing the industrial sector in Switzerland.

11. a) Draw a sketch map to show the Rhine Delta region and on it mark and name;

(i) ports Rotterdam, the Hague and Amsterdam,

(ii) river: Rhine and Muss (Meuse)

(iii) the North Sea canal.

b) Describe the factors which led to the growth of Rotterdam port.

c) State any two:

(i) Exports,

(ii) Imports, handled by Rotterdam port.

d) Outline the problems facing the part of Rotterdam.

12. Study table IV below showing land use in the Netherlands and answer the questions that follow:

Table IV: Land Use in the Netherlands.

Land use type Total land area in hectares
Arable farming
Horticulture
Pastures
Woodland wasteland
others
770,000
140,000
1,505,000
525,000
566,000
Total 3,500,000
Source: adapted from Gibbs, C. W the Rhine pp111-113.

a) Draw a bar graph to show land use types in the Netherlands.

b) State the land use type which occupies the:

c) (i) Calculate the percentage of land under farm land.

(ii)Explain the factors that have influenced the development of agriculture in Netherlands.

d) Outline the:

(i) Problems facing the agricultural sector in the Netherlands,

(ii) Steps being taken to solve the problems in (d)(i) above.

REGION III: CHINA

13. Study table V below showing climate statistics of Hong Kong, china and answer the questions that follow:

Table V: climate: Hong Kong, china altitude 31m (22015N114015T)

Month J F M A M J J A S O N D
Temp (0C) 15.6 14.4 17.2 21.7 25.0 27.2 27.8 27.2 26.7 24.4 29.6 17.2
Rainfall (mm) 33 46 68 135 305 401 366 356 246 129 43 28
Source: Tregear: T.R. China: a geography survey p20.

a) Draw a suitable graph to show the climate of Hong Kong.

b) Describe the characteristics of the climate of Hong Kong.

c) Calculate the:

(i) Annual range of temperature,

(ii) Mean annual temperature,

(iii) Annual total rainfall, for the station.

d) Identify the:

(i) Factors influencing the climate of Hong Kong.

(ii) Economic activities taking place in the area around Hong Kong.

14. a) Draw a sketch map of china and on it, mark and name:

(i) industrial towns: Shanghai, Nanjing and Taiyuan,

(ii) rivers Hwang Ho and Yangtze Kiang

(iii) any one area where: -coil,

- Iron ore, are obtained.

b) Identify the factors which favored the development of the industrial towns named in (a) (i) above.

c) (i) State any two industries found in either Shanghai or Nanjing.

(ii) Explain the importance of the industrial sector in china.

d) What problems affect industrial development in China?

15. Study Fig.5. Map of the Hwang Ho river basin and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Plains marked A,

(ii) Sea marked B,

(iii) Town marked C,

(iv) Mountains marked D and E,

(v) Country marked F.

b) Describe the factors which have led to the development of

(i) Loess land

(ii) Agriculture or the loess land

c) Explain the importance of the Hwang Ho river to the development of the basin

d) Outline the:

(i) Problems facing river basin development in China.

(ii) Steps being taken by the government of china to solve the problems in (d) above.