PAPER 1

PART I

1. Which of the following best explains why central Tanzania is sparsely populated?

The area:-

A. Was depopulated by slave trade,

B. Is infested with tsetse flies

C. Is remote

D. Lacks valuable minerals

2. A volcanic plug is formed when:

A. Molten lava solidifies in the vent

B. Lava spreads over an area

C. A secondary cone is eroded

D. A batholiths is exposed

3. Soil catena is the:

A. Soil arrangement in Buganda region

B. Vertical arrangement of soils

C. Way soils on hills are used

D. Sequence of soils down the slope

4. Which of the following factors greatly influence rainfall distribution on in Kenya?

A. Relief and distance from the sea

B. Relief and inland water bodies

C. Inland water bodies and distance from the sea

D. Vegetation and south East trade winds

5. The most important factor which has encouraged sugar cane out growers in East Africa is the;

A. Availability of development loans

B. Good price giver for sugar cane

C. Accessibility to a sugar factory

D. Good transport network

6. Which of the following best explains why Jinja has a concentration of industries?

It;

A. Is close to the Hydro-electricity power station.

B. Has a large population which provides market for its products,

C. Has a good road, rail and water transport network.

D. Is located at the shore of lake Victoria which provides water for its industries.

7. Which of these activities has led to extensive deforestation in East Africa?

A. Agriculture

B. Lumbering

C. Bush burning

D. Mining and quarrying

8. Which of these areas in East Africa is best known for marine fishing?

A. Mwara and Tanga

B. Mombasa and Dar es salaam

C. Mombasa and Kisumu

D. Zanzibar and Pemba

9. The major problem faced by residents in urban areas of East Africa is;

A. Thuggery and terrorism

B. Traffic congestion

C. Inadequate accommodation

D. Disease epidemics

10. The most important factor for the development of the tourist industry Uganda is

A. Beautiful scenery

B. Historical sites

C. Wildlife

D. Pleasant climate

11. Transport and communication network in North Eastern Kenya is poorly developed because the area is;

A. Under populated

B. Unproductive

C. Land locked

D. Tsetse fly infested

12. In Kenya population is not evenly distributed mainly because of

A. Poor transport and communication network

B. Differences in rainfall distribution

C. The land tenure system

D. Differences in soil fertility

13. ox-bow lakes on river Semiliki in Western Uganda are evidence of a river in its:

A. Old stage

B. Youth full stage

C. Mature stage

D. Juvenile stage

14. Soil erosion is a problem in Usambara mountains because of;

A. Farmers' low level of education

B. Overgrazing

C. Heavy rainfall received

D. Over cultivation

15. Which one of the following area has a dry season lasting from November to March?

A. The Kenya highlands

B. Central Tanzania

C. Northern Uganda

D. Coastal area Tanzania

16. Which of these is the biggest problem facing tobacco growers in West Nile?

A. Poor transport network

B. Labour shortage

C. Pests and diseases

D. Declining soil fertility

17. Which of the following is a by-product from copper mining?

A. Mica

B. State

C. Cobalt

D. Phosphorus

18. The type of settlement pattern found along river system is;

A. Nucleated settlement

B. Linear settlement

C. Dispersed settlement

D. Clustered settlement

19. The gaps in the coral platforms along the East African coast are a result of

A. Silted river water action

B. Lime water dissolving the rock

C. Mechanical dredging to make harbors

D. Saline water eroding the rock

20. Laterite soils are formed as a result of;

A. Deposition of leached iron and aluminum compounds under wetland humid conditions

B. Continued flooding leading to the formation of hard rocks

C. Existence of thick vegetation cover which prevents the erosion of the top soil

D. Uncontrolled use of land perennial crops

21. Which part of East receives the heaviest rainfall?

A. The shores of lakes Victoria

B. The rift valleys

C. The highlands

D. The coastal regions

22. Nomadic pastoralism are people who:

A. Practice mixed farming in dry areas

B. Move their cattle from place to place

C. Graze their animals in dry areas

D. Own large herds of cattle

23. Which of the following minerals are found in the Kipengere ranges of southern Tanzania?

A. Coal and tin

B. Coal and iron ore

C. Tin and iron ore

D. Copper and Tanganyika

24. Uganda's fishing industry has improved mainly because of

A. Increased market from PTA countries

B. Very high meat prices

C. Increase in fish processing plants

D. Importation of modern fishing gear

25. Most of the towns in Uganda are basically

A. Commercial and recreational

B. Commercial and industrial

C. Commercial and agricultural

D. Commercial and administrative

26. Which one of the following cash crops in east Africa requires well drained acidic soils?

A. Cotton

B. Tea

C. Sugar cane

D. Coffee

27. Which of the following rocks is a result of metamorphism?

A. Slate

B. Obsidian

C. Chalk

D. Clay

28. The shores off lake Victoria are densely populated mainly because of;

A. Large industrial establishments

B. Their central location in east Africa

C. Reliable rainfall

D. Presence of hydro-electricity

29. Igneous rock are formed as a result of

A. Intense meat and pressure within the earth's crust

B. Gradual deposition of alluvial material

C. Gradual crystallization of rocks

D. Deposition of volcanic material

30. Lines drawn on a map through places of the same atmospheric pressure are called

A. Isotherms

B. Isobars

C. Isohyets

D. Grids

31. Nandi escarpment in western Kenya was formed due to;

A. Volcanic eruption

B. Faulting

C. Erosion of steep hills

D. Down warping

32. Farmers practice crop rotation in order to

A. Maintain soil fertility

B. Control leaching of soils

C. Prevent soil erosion

D. Discourage wood multiplication

33. Which of these primary products is imported in largest quantities in East Africa?

A. Iron ore

B. Limestone

C. Crude oil

D. Natural gas

34. In east Africa most game parks are located in areas of;

A. Low population and moderate rainfall

B. High agricultural value but tsetse infested

C. High rainfall but infertile soils

D. Low rainfall and sparse population

35. Which of the following is a major town for Uganda's inter territorial trade?

A. Port bell

B. Jinja

C. Busia

D. Tororo

PART II

MAPWORK, PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION AND FAST AFRICA

Answer three questions from part II, including questions 1 and 2 which are compulsory.

SECTION A

1. COMPULSORY QUESTION; MAPWORK

Answer all parts of this question. Candidates are advised to spend 40 minutes answering this question.

Study the map extract 1:50,000(UGANDA) Kabale, series Y732 part of sheet 93/4 Edition 4- U.S.D and answer the following questions

a) State the grid reference of the:

(i) Trigonometrically station at Ndaragi

(ii) Church at Kishanje

b) name the features found at the following grid references:

(i) 223603

(ii) 326609

c) Calculate the area of Ecaya forest reserve (including Mucuya Swamp)

d) Draw a sketch map of the area between Eastings 17 and 30 and Northings 50 and 61 and it, mark and name the following features

(i) Lake Bunyonyi

(ii) Bufundi ridge

(iii) A watershed

(iv) All weather loose surface road

(v) The international boundary

e) Describe the:

(i) Relief of the area shown on the map

(ii) Relationship between relief and communication.

2. COMPULSORY QUESTIONS: PHOTOGRAPHY INTERPRETATION

Answer all part of this question. Candidates are advised to spend 20 minutes answer this questions.

Study the photograph provided below and answer the questions that follow;

PHOTOGRAPH

a) (i) State the activity taking place in the area shown in the photograph.

(ii)What evidence is the there to show that the activity stated in a(i) above is planned?

b) Identify the factors which have favored the establishment of the activity stated in (a)(i) above.

c) Explain the effect of the activity on the area shown in the photograph

d) Giving reasons for you answer; suggest an area in East Africa where this photograph could have been taken.

SECTION B: PART II

Answer only one question from this section.

3. Study the map of East Africa provided and answer the question that follow.

MAP

a) Name the;

(i) Lakes marked A, B and C,

(ii) Rivers marked D and E,

(iii) Channel marked F.

b) Describe the formation of any one lake marked in (a)(i) above.

c) With reference to specific examples, explain the importance of lakes to the east African countries.

d) Outline the problems limiting the effective use of lakes in East Africa.

4. a) Name any:

(i) three mountains in East Africa where glaciations is taking place

(ii) two features formed by glacial erosion

(iii) two features formed by glacial deposition

b) With the help of diagrams, describe how any one:

(i) erosional feature,

(ii) depositional feature, in a (ii) and (iii) above was formed.

c) Explain the importance of glaciations in East Africa.

5. For any field study you have done,

a) State the;

(i) Topic of study,

(ii) Objectives of the study

b) Draw a sketch map of the area studied.

c) Using the information collected during the study, describe:

(i) The relief of the area,

(ii) The relationship between land use and relief.

d) Explain how the study has helped you understand the geography of the area.

e) What difficulties did you face during the study?

6. a) draw a sketch map of East Africa and on it, mark and name:

(i) Any one tea growing area in each of the three countries.

(ii) Ports: Mombasa and Dar es salaam,

(iii) The Tazara (Tanzam) railway and Uganda - Kenya railway lines.

b) (i) Describe the physical conditions which have favored tea growing in the areas showing on the map in a(i) above.

(ii)Identify the problems faced by tea growers in East Africa.

c) Outline the contribution of the sea growing industry in the country of any one country in East Africa.

7. Study the table below showing the number of tourists in Kenya (1972080) and answer the questions that follow:

Year No. of tourists
1972
1974
1976
1978
1980
350,000
380,000
430,000
450,000
470,000
Source: adapted from Waugh, D. the World p120

a) (i) Draw a bar graph to show the information given in the table .

(ii)Describe the trend in the number of tourist as shown by the graph in (a)(i0 above.

b) Outline the factors that have attracted tourists to Kenya.

c) Explain the importance of the tourist industry to Kenya.

d) (i) Identify the problems facing the tourist industry in Kenya.

(ii)State the steps being taken to improve the tourist industry in Kenya.

PAPER 2

PART I: THE REST OF AFRICA

1. Study the tables below showing climate statistics for station A and B and answer the questions that follow:

STATION A J F M A M J J A S O N D
Temp (0C) 23 23 23 22 22 22 21 22 22 22 22 23
Rainfall (mm) 40 70 150 230 205 115 65 80 195 225 150 50
Source: Janet, H.R.Africa p27.

STATION B J F M A M J J A S O N D
Temp (0C) 24 23 22 21 20 18 17 18 20 23 24 24
Rainfall (mm) 200 175 100 25 20 - - - - 50 100 175
Source: Minns. J.W.A geography of Africa p36.

a) For station A:

(i) State the hottest months,

(ii) State the coolest month,

(iii) Calculate the annual temperature range.

b) For station B:

(i) State the wettest month,

(ii) Calculate the total annual rainfall.

c) Describe the climatic characteristics for:

(i) Station A,

(ii) Stations B.

d) Describe the characteristics of the vegetation associated with the climate at:

(i) Station A,

(ii) Station B.

e) Giving reasons, suggest three economic activities that could be carried out in the area around station A.

f) If you were a planner, suggest the steps you would take to improve on the economic activities in the area around station A.

2. Study fig. 1. Sketch map of Swaziland provided and answer the questions which follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Forest plantations marked A, B and C,

(ii) River marked P,

(iii) Country marked Q.

b) Describe the conditions which have led to the establishment of forest plantations in Swaziland

c) Explain the:

(i) Advantages of planted forests in Switzerland

(ii) Contribution of forest plantations to the economy of Switzerland.

d) State any two countries in Africa which have established forest plantations.

3. a) Draw a sketch map showing the location of the Gezira irrigation scheme and on it, mark and name:

(i) towns: Khartoum, Kosli and Wad Mcdani,

(ii) Dams: Senar and Jebel Aulya,

(iii) Irrigated areas; Gezira and Managil.

b) Explain the:

(i) Factors which favored the establishment of the Gezira irrigation scheme.

(ii)Problems which resulted from the establishment of the scheme.

c) Outline the benefits of the Gezira scheme to the people of the Sudan.

d) Name any two crops which are grown on the Gezira scheme.

4. Read the passage below and answer the questions which follow.

"Africa would appear at first sight to posses considerable advantages for the development of the fishing industry....... Yet it is unfortunately true that the African share of the total world catch of fish is only about 6% and many African territories actually import fish."

Source: Janet, H. R. Africa: the New certificate Geography series (5th edition) p99

a) Outline the factors which "appear" to favour the development of the fishing industry in Africa.

b) Explain the conditions responsible for the low level of development of the fishing industry in Africa.

c) (i) State any two countries in Africa which export fish.

(ii)For any one country stated in c(i) above, identify the steps being taken to improve the fishing industry.

5. Study Fig.2, sketch map of Egypt provided and answer the questions which follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Canal marked A,

(ii) Minerals obtained from areas marked B, C and D,

(iii) Towns marked E and F,

(iv) Dam marked G.

b) Explain the conditions which have led to the development of industries in Egypt.

c) Mention any two industries found in town marked.

(i) E,

(ii) F.

d) For either town marked E or F, identify the,

(i) Benefits resulting from the establishment of industries,

(ii) Problems resulting from establishment of industries.

6. Study fig. 3: sketch map of Zaire provided and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Port marked A,

(ii) Towns marked B, C and D,

(iii) Tributaries marked E and F.

b) Describe the factors which have influenced the distribution of the railway network in the republic of Zaire.

c) Giving specific examples identify the problems facing the transport sector in the republic of Zaire.

d) Outline the steps being taken to improve the transport sector in the Republic of Zaire.

PART II:

STUDIES DEVELOPMENT

Answer two questions from this part.

REGION I: NORTH AMERICA

7. Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow:

"Three quarters of the wheat of the Canadian prairies is exported, most of it to Europe, china and Japan........ it takes the whole year to export the wheat, fortunately wheat can be sorted almost indefinitely."

Adapted from Boorman, B.I, North America p30

a) Draw a sketch map of Canada and on it, mark and name the:

(i) Canadian prairies,

(ii) Wheat export routes,

(iii) Ports: prince Lupert, Vancouver and Montreal.

b) Identify the factors which have favored commercial wheat growing in Canada.

c) Explain the problems resulting from over dependence on wheat as an export crop in Canada.

d) What steps has the Canadian government taken to solve the problems in (c) above?

8. a) name any two:

(i) states found in new England region,

(ii) industrial centres in New England,

(iii) traditional industries in New England.

b) Describe the factors which led to the:

(i) Decline of the traditional industries in New England.

(ii)Development of new industries in New England.

d)(i) State any two new industries which have been established in New England.

(ii)Explain the importance of individual development to the New England region.

9. a) State the characteristics of forests in British Columbia.

b) Describe the factors which have led to the development of the forest industry in British Columbia.

c) Explain the importance of the forest resources to British Columbia.

d) Identify problems of exploiting forests in British Columbia.

REGION II: RHINELANDS

10. a) Describe the tourist attractions found in;

(i) Switzerland,

(ii) East Africa.

b) Why is the tourist industry in Switzerland more developed than it East Africa?

c) Explain how the tourist industry in East Africa can be improved.

11. a) Draw a sketch map of the Netherlands and on it, mark and label the following;

(i) industrial centres; Amsterdam, Rotterdam and Hengel,

(ii) rivers; Rhine and Meuse (maas),

(iii) North Sea.

b) Explain the factors which have influenced the location of;

(i) Rotterdam,

(ii)Hengel.

c) Outline the problems caused by the establishment of industries in the centres marked in (a)(i) above.

d) What are the steps being taken to solve the problems in © above?

12. Study fig. 4. Sketch map showing population density in Luxembourg and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Name the:

(i) Countries marked X and Y,

(ii) River marked Z,

(iii) Town marked P.

b) Explain the factors responsible for the differences in population density in Luxembourg,

c) Outline the:

(i) Problems faced by town P,

(ii) Steps being taken to solve these problems.

REGION III: CHINA

13. a) Draw a sketch map of the Hwang-Ho river basin and on it, market and name the following:

(i) towns: Paoki and Paotow,

(ii) irrigation schemes: Tainang shar, Ham Narin Ula and Ordos.

b) Describe the factors which have favored the establishment of irrigation schemes named in a(ii)above.

c) Explain the contribution of irrigation schemes to china.

d) Outline the problems facing farmers on the irrigation scheme in the Hwang -Ho river basin.

14. Study the climatic statistics of Beijing shown below and answer the questions which follow:

BEIJING CLIMATE (39045N, 116025E) alt. 2 metres above sea level

Month J F M A M J J A S O N D
Temp (0C) 2.2 0.0 6.1 13.3 19.4 20.4 27.2 25.6 22.2 14.2 5.0 0.0
R.F (mm) 5 3 10 15 28 61 172 129 71 15 10 2
Source: Tregear. T, R. china: a geographical survey p20

a) Draw a suitable diagram to show the information contained in the table.

b) Calculate the:

(i) Annual range of temperature,

(ii) Mean annual rainfall.

c) With reference to the table and the diagram drawn, describe the:

(i) Rainfall pattern,

(ii) Temperature trend.

d) Explain the:

(i) Factors influencing the climate of Beijing,

(ii) Influence of climate on human activities around Beijing.

15. Study fig.5. sketch map of china below showing the population density and answer the questions that follow:

MAP

a) Explain the factors responsible for;

(i) High population density in the region marked A.

(ii) Low population density in the region marked D.

b) What are the:

(i) advantages,

(ii) Disadvantages, of having a high population density in the region marked A,

c) Describe the steps being taken to solve the population problem in china.