1. 'Convicted robbers and murders should be subjected to capital punishment.' Discuss.

2. Explain the role of women in the development of your community.

3. To what extent are the independent African states sovereign?

4. Examine the causes of global warming and suggest ways in which it could be reduced.

5. 'Students in institutions of higher learning should not be sponsored by government.' Discuss.

6. Justify the need for environmental conservation in Uganda.


Answer one question from this section.

7. Study the information provided below and answer the question that follow:

A bus driver intending to travel from Mbeti to Kigo must take into account the following conditions along the route:

i. There are roadblocks especially in the mornings.

ii. There are usually traffic jams on all exit ways from the city between 7: 30am and 9: 00am.

iii. Wide - load trucks are not allowed to travel in the afternoons.

iv. The stretch from Hebu to Gestara town is hilly with many sharp bends.

v. The loose surface road from Gestara to Kigo is muddy and slippery.

vi. There are highway robbers in the forest between Gestara and Kigo, usually after 3:00pm.

A bus travelling to kigo from Mbeti has to cover 398km. It sets off from Mbeti at 8: am and because of heavy traffic, it only mangers and average of 40km/hr for a distance of 50km. Having got out of the traffic jam, the bus now accelerates to 80km/hr up to Tombu which is 98km away from Mbeti. From Tombu, the bus slows down behind a wide - load trailer after covering 20km at 80km/hr and remains behind the truck for 30 minutes. The truck is travelling at a paltry 25km/hr. The bus driver at lat manages to overtake the truck and accelerates to 120km/hr until he reaches Dantara which is 179km from Mbeti. He continues at the same speed but just 5km before entering Hebu town which is 70km from Dantara, he encounters a police roadblock set up to combat highway robbers. Forty five minutes are spent here while the police make a through check of both the passengers and luggage. The bus then covers the 5km to Hebu at a speed at 80km/hr. The next leg of the journey has a hilly terrain and many sharp bends bringing the bus to an average of 60km/hr on the 69km stretch from Hebu to Gestara town. Here the passengers spend 15 minutes having refreshments before proceeding at an average of 45km/hr on the muddy and slippery road to Kigo. In the forest between Gestara and Kigo, however, the driver is surprised by another roadblock staged by robbers. He bursts through the roadblock, leaving the thugs firing into the air, to enter Kigo triumphantly with a sigh of relief!


a) What is the total time the bus takes to travel from Mbeti to Kigo? (show your working)

b) Draw a line graph to show the progress of the bus from Mbeti to Kigo. Indicate the position of the towns along the route.

c) Giving reasons for your answer, identify the sections of the journey which are:

i. Most dangerous,

ii. Least dangerous.

d) Draw up an appropriate travel plan for the driver to arrive at Kigo in the shortest possible time with least trouble.

Answer one question from this section.

8. Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow, using your own words wherever possible.

My grown children are causing me a great deal of concern. My worries pale when i recall my grandmother, who found in popular wisdom an appropriate dictum for each event. She liked to repeat: "The mother of a family has no time to travel. But she has time to die." She would lament when, despite her sleepiness, she still had to carry out her share of the duties. "Ah, if only I had a bed on which to lie down."

Mischievously, I would point to the three beds in her room. In irritation. She would say: "You have life before and not behind you. May God grant that you experience what I have gone through.' And here I am today, 'going through' just that experience.

I thought a child was born and grew up without any problem. I thought one mapped out a straight path and that he would step lightly down it. I now saw, at first hand, the truth of my grandmother's prophecies: 'the fact that children are born of the same parents does not necessarily mean that they will resemble each other.'

'Being born of the same parents is just like spending the night in the same bedroom.'

To allay the fear of the future that her words might possibly have aroused, my grandmother would offer some solutions: 'Different personalities require different forms of discipline. Strictness here, comprehension there smacking which is successful with the very young ones, annoys the older ones. The nerves daily undergo severe trials! But that is the mother's lot.

Courageous grandmother, i drew from your teaching and example the courage that galvanises one at the times when difficult choices have to be made.

The other night i surprised the ratio (as they are popularly known) Arame, Yacine and Dieynaba, smoking in their bedroom. Everything about their manner showed that they were used to it: their way of holding the cigarette between the fingers or raising it gracefully to their lips, of inhaling like connoisseurs. Their nostrils quivered and let out smoke. And these young ladies inhaled and exhaled while doing their lessons and homework. They savoured their pleasure greedily, behind the closed door, for i try as much as possible to respect their privacy.

People say that Dieynaba, Arame and Yacine take after me. They are bound by their friendship and willingness to help, as well as by a multitude of similarities; they form a block, with the same defensive or distrustful reactions, before my other children; they swap dresses, trouser, tops, being nearly the same size. I have never had to intervene in their conflicts. The trio has a reputation of hard work at school.

But to grant themselves the right to smoke! They were dumbfounded before my anger. The unexpectedness of it gave me a shock. A woman's mouth exhaling the acrid smell of tobacco instead of being fragrant. A woman's teeth blackened with tobacco instead of sparkling with whiteness! Yet their teeth were white. How did they manage the feet?

I considered the wearing of trousers dreadful in view of our build which is not that of slim western women. Trousers accentuate the ample figure of the black woman and further emphasize the curves of the small of the back. But I instead of liberating. Since my daughters wanted to be "With it", I accepted the addition of trousers to their wardrobes.

Suddenly I became afraid of the flow of progress. Did they also drink? Who knows, one vice leads to another. Does it mean that one cannot have modernisation without lowering moral standards?

Was I to blame for having given my daughters a bit of liberty? My grandfather did not allow young people in his house. At ten o'clock at night, with a bell in his hand, he would warn visitors of the closure of the entrance gate, He punctuated the ringing of the bell with the same instruction: 'Whoever does not live here should scram.'

As for myself, I let my daughters go out from time to time. They went to the cinema without me. They received male and female friends. There were arguments to justify my behaviour. Unquestionably, at a certain age, a boy or girl opens up to love. I wanted my daughters to discover it in a healthy way, without feelings of guilt, secretiveness or degradation. I tried to penetrate their relationships: I created a favourable atmosphere for sensible behaviour and for confidence.

And the result is that under the influence of their circle they have acquired the habit of smoking. And I was left in the dark, I who wanted to control everything. My grandmother's wise words came to me; 'You can feed your stomach as well as you please, it will still provide for itself without your knowing.

I had to do some thinking. There was a need for some re- organisation to stop the rot. My grandmother would perhaps have suggested, "For a new generation, a new method."

I did not mind being a 'stick - in - the - mud'. I was aware of the harmful effects of tobacco, and I could not agree to its use. My conscience rejected it, as it rejected alcohol.

From then on, relentlessly, I was on the look out for odour. It played hide and seek with my watchfulness. Sly and ironic, it would tease my nostrils and then disappear. Its favourite hiding place was the toilet, especially at night. But it no longer dared to expose itself openly, with jaunty shamelessness.


a) Suggest an appropriate title for the passage.

b) What were the writer's initial expectations about children?

c) In not more than 100 words, summarise the Author's arguments for giving her children liberty.

d) Explain the meaning of the following words and phrases as used in the passage;

i) My words pale (line 01)

ii) Allay the fear (line 18)

iii) Inhaling like connoisseurs (line 29)

iv) Savoured their pleasure (line 31)

v) Manage the feat (line 44)

vi) Flow of progress (line 51)

vii) Scram (line 58)

viii) Stick in the mud (line 74)

ix) Played hide and seek (line 78)

x) Jaunty (line 80)