PAPER 2

PRACTICAL

1. Specimen C1, C2 , C3 , and C4 are planting materials.

a) Measure the diameter of specimens C1 , C2, and C3 and record your results.

C1..................... mm

C2..................... mm

C3..................... mm

b) From the principles of planting of crops, suggest the depth at which each specimen would be planted.

C1....................................................................................................................

C2.........................................................................................................................

C3.......................................................................................................................

c) Describe the procedure of planting C4 in a cultivated field.

d) Give two reasons why C1 when planted may fail to emerge.

2. Specimen E is a food crop. Using a knife cut it open and examine it.

a) Describe the damage on the specimen.

b) Name the crop pest responsible for damage caused on the specimen.

c) From the damage caused, suggest the mode of feeding of the pest on specimen E.

d) Give three ways of controlling the crop pest named in (b).

e) Outline three ways in which the pest would affect the crop productivity of specimen E.

3. Specimen K, L, M and N are pieces of equipment used on livestock.

a) Identify the specimens.

K..........................................................................................................

L..........................................................................................................

M.........................................................................................................

N.........................................................................................................

b) Give one function of each specimen.

K............................................................................................................

L.............................................................................................................

M..........................................................................................................

N.............................................................................................................

c) State two areas on the body of the animal where specimens L and N are applied during use and give a reason in each case.

L................................................................................................................

N..................................................................................................................

d) Outline the maintenance practice for specimen L.

4. Specimen F, G, H, I, J are construction materials.

a) Give one function of each of specimen F, G and I.

F.................................................................................................................

G...............................................................................................................

I..............................................................................................................

b) Name one farm structure where each of specimens F, G and H may be used.

F...............................................................................................................

G..............................................................................................................

H..............................................................................................................

c) State how specimen G may be protected from

(i) Pest attack

(ii) Weather

d) Describe how the strength of specimen F may be increased.

e) Give two limitations of using specimen J on a farm.

f) State two advantages of using specimen F on a farm.

5. You are provided with specimen K1 and K2 which are animal products. Break open specimen and examine it.

a) Describe the appearance of the specimens.

i) K1....................................................................................................

ii) K2...................................................................................................

b) From the observations, state the condition of each specimen.

i) K1....................................................................................................

ii) K2....................................................................................................

c) Suggest the cause of the condition of the specimens observed.

K1.................................................................................................................................

K2....................................................................................................................................

d) State four management practices that ensure good quality eggs.